Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
If your test results show you have prediabetes, ask your doctor or nurse if there is a lifestyle change program offered through the CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program in your community. You can also search for an online or in-person program. Having prediabetes puts you at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes, but participating in the program can lower your risk by as much as 58% .
Type 1 Diabetes Or Latent Autoimmune Diabetes In Adults
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes may appear very similar to type 2 diabetes, though they tend to come on all at once in a short time span. Blood work may also still show glucose elevation when standard tests are performed, but your healthcare provider should be able to add on additional testing to confirm whether you have type 1 by looking at certain antibodies and proteins in your blood.
What Is Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Advancements in technology have given us another way to monitor glucose levels. Continuous glucose monitoring uses a tiny sensor inserted under your skin. You don’t need to prick your finger. Instead, the sensor measures your glucose and can display results anytime during the day or night. Ask your healthcare provider about continuous glucose monitors to see if this is an option for you.
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Replies On How Can You Check If You Have Diabetes Without Seeing A Doctor
The cheapest way is to check your blood sugar level either by FBS or RBS. Here are good link about health diet to control DM
Yes get a blood sugar testing meter. You can sometimes even find these online for free, but certainly you can buy the cheap drugstore brand meter for under $20. It will come with a small supply of strips. So after you eat dinner, you dont eat anything else until morning. When you wake up, use the meter to test a drop of your blood. If the reading is over 100, then you could be headed for trouble and should see the Dr. even if it is a free clinic. If it is under 100 you are safe. If you have a friend who has diabetes, you might be able to get them to test it for you. It is very important to do it in the morning when you havent eaten anything yet.
PS do a Google check on free glucometer and there are several places you can get a free one. You probably have to pay shipping.
MAnny ways.so check your blood surger..if its over 200 you have it
I have diabetes by the way.I drank so much water and your constantly thirst..this is for type 1 by the way..if you think you have type 2 then it kinda diffrent
You would be going to the bathroom constantlywhen you havnt eaten in a while you will feel weak tired and helpless cause your low and when you eat to much ull feel like ur gonna throw up and like hungry and tired cause you would be high.
Here is an informative post regarding Diabetes:
Choosing A Blood Glucose Monitor
A blood glucose monitor, testing strips, and a lancet to draw the blood are all necessary for testing. Some testing kits offer all three, while others require separate purchases for each piece.
People with diabetes use many testing strips, and so it may be wise to carefully consider the cost of the testing strips as well as the monitor.
Some other tips for buying a monitor include:
- Select one with automatic coding to avoid the need to code in results with every test.
- Check insurance plans to see if an insurer only covers certain monitors.
- Look at whether the unit stores previous data.
- Consider portability, since larger units can be difficult to carry around.
- Think about blood sample size, particularly for people who do not like pricking themselves.
Monitors that require a smaller blood sample may be more comfortable as the depth of the lancet can be less.
Many people with diabetes have no signs of the disease at all. However, the lack of symptoms does not necessarily mean the absence of diabetes.
When symptoms occur, many of the effects of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same since both affect blood sugar regulation in the body. Symptoms include:
- increased hunger and thirst
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Who Should Get Screened For Diabetes
Anyone can benefit from a free screening, but there are recommendations for who is most likely to benefit. “Anyone age 45 or older should begin testing,” says Knapp. In addition, adults who are overweight or obese and have one additional risk factor for diabetes including physical inactivity or polycystic ovary syndrome should be tested. And if you do have risk factors for diabetes, you should consider getting tested at an earlier age.
Screening guidelines include the following:
- People age 45 or older should be screened by their doctor every three years.
- Risk factors that should be considered for screening include being overweight, having high blood pressure, having abnormal blood lipids , having a close relative with diabetes, and being a woman who had diabetes during pregnancy.
- Anyone with sustained blood pressure greater than 140/90 should be screened. Those on medication for high blood pressure, even if their blood pressure is lower than the guideline, should also be screened.
Still unsure whether youre in a risk category? Take a type 2 diabetes risk test at the American Diabetes Association’s website.
What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition. It happens when your liver breaks down fat to use as energy because theres not enough insulin and therefore glucose isnt being used as an energy source. Fat is broken down by the liver into a fuel called ketones. The formation and use of ketones is a normal process if it has been a long time since your last meal and your body needs fuel. Ketones are a problem when your fat is broken down too fast for your body to process and they build up in your blood. This makes your blood acidic, which is a condition called ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be the result of uncontrolled Type 1 diabetes and less commonly, Type 2 diabetes.Diabetic ketoacidosis is diagnosed by the presence of ketones in your urine or blood and a basic metabolic panel. The condition develops over several hours and can cause coma and possibly even death.
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Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
A fasting plasma glucose test requires fasting for eight hours before the test.
You will have your blood drawn for this test. Then the plasma is combined with other substances to determine the amount of glucose in the plasma. Blood glucose is measure in milligrams per deciliter .
This chart contains the FPG tests blood glucose ranges for prediabetes and diabetes, and describes what each diagnosis means:
|Blood Glucose Range|
|100 to 125 mg/dL||Prediabetes||Blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. This condition increases risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.|
|126 mg/dL or more||Diabetes mellitus||Type 2 diabetes develops when your body doesnt make enough insulin or develops insulin resistance and can’t efficiently use the insulin it makes. It greatly increases your risk of heart disease and stroke.|
Trim Your Toenails Carefully
When you are trimming your nails, you should trim them along the shape of the toe. You can use a nail file to remove any sharp edges. If you notice any ingrown toenails, you should try not to free them yourself. It is also important to avoid breaking open any blisters or cutting your cuticles . If you need assistance, for example with an ingrown nail, it is best to see your healthcare professional or your podiatrist.
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Am I At Risk Of Diabetes
You can ask your doctor about your risk for diabetes. You can also estimate your risk of getting type 2 diabetes by using the Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment Tool . This is a simple way for you to check your risk.
You may be at increased risk of type 2 diabetes if you:
- are over 55
- are over 45 and are overweight or have high blood pressure
- have a family member with type 2 diabetes
- are from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background
- were born in Asia
- are not physically active
What Is The A1c Test
The A1C test is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 or 3 months. The test is done at a lab or your doctors office in addition tonot instead ofregular blood sugar testing you do yourself.
A1C testing is part of the ABCs of diabetesimportant steps you can take to prevent or delay health complications down the road:
- A: Get a regular A1C test.
- B: Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg .
- C: Manage your cholesterol levels.
- s: Stop smoking or dont start.
The A1C goal for most adults with diabetes is between 7% and 8%, but your goal may be different depending on your age, other health conditions, medicines youre taking, and other factors. Work with your doctor to establish a personal A1C goal for you.
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What Causes Blood Sugar To Be High
Many things can cause high blood sugar , including being sick, being stressed, eating more than planned, and not giving yourself enough insulin. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to long-term, serious health problems. Symptoms of high blood sugar include:
- Feeling very tired.
- Having blurry vision.
- Needing to urinate more often.
If you get sick, your blood sugar can be hard to manage. You may not be able to eat or drink as much as usual, which can affect blood sugar levels. If youre ill and your blood sugar is 240 mg/dL or above, use an over-the-counter ketone test kit to check your urine for ketones and call your doctor if your ketones are high. High ketones can be an early sign of diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately.
How Often Should I Check My Blood Glucose Levels At Home
It depends! If you have prediabetes, the recommendation for how often you should check your blood glucose levels depends on a number of factors. These factors are individual and will be based on your treatment plan. This includes any oral medications you are taking, if youre using insulin, and any lifestyle changes. Other factors that can affect how often you check your blood glucose levels, include your Hb A1c levels, your risk of hypoglycaemia , and your treatment goals.
If you are at risk of hypoglycaemia, for example due to insulin or taking certain oral medications, then regularly monitoring your blood glucose levels is useful.
If there have been any changes to your medications, including requiring more insulin needles or testing different oral medications, regular blood glucose monitoring is also useful.
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How Do Carbs Affect Blood Sugar
Carbs in food make your blood sugar levels go higher after you eat them than when you eat proteins or fats. You can still eat carbs if you have diabetes. The amount you can have and stay in your target blood sugar range depends on your age, weight, activity level, and other factors. Counting carbs in foods and drinks is an important tool for managing blood sugar levels. Make sure to talk to your health care team about the best carb goals for you.
What Does It Mean If Test Results Show I Have Protein In My Urine
This means your kidneys are allowing protein to be filtered through and now appear in your urine. This condition is called proteinuria. The continued presence of protein in your urine is a sign of kidney damage.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Theres much you can do to prevent the development of diabetes . However, if you or your child or adolescent develop symptoms of diabetes, see your healthcare provider. The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the sooner steps can be taken to treat and control it. The better you are able to control your blood sugar level, the more likely you are to live a long, healthy life.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/28/2021.
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How Often Should I Be Tested For Diabetes
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
What Causes Low Blood Sugar
Low blood sugar has many causes, including missing a meal, taking too much insulin, taking other diabetes medicines, exercising more than normal, and drinking alcohol. Blood sugar below 70 mg/dL is considered low.
Signs of low blood sugar are different for everyone. Common symptoms include:
Know what your individual symptoms are so you can catch low blood sugar early and treat it. If you think you may have low blood sugar, check it even if you dont have symptoms. Low blood sugar can be dangerous and should be treated as soon as possible.
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Approximately 5% Of People In St Helens Have Been Diagnosed With Diabetes However Many More Could Have Diabetes Without Being Diagnosed Especially Linking In With Obesity And Old Age
If you are concerned that you may have diabetes you can get checked by contacting your GP, who may refer you on to the Diabetes Team at St Helens Hospital. Certain branches of Lloyds Pharmacy can also conduct free diabetes checks.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes then Diabetes UK can help support you in a number of ways. Their telephone or e-mail Careline can provide dedicated practical and emotional information/support about living with diabetes. They run socialising care events for children and families affected by diabetes, an advocacy service, online support forums and they also have a presence in St Helens through a local support group that meets up eight times every year at St Helens Town Hall.
For further information about diabetes please also see websites at NHS Choices, Diabetes Research and Wellness Foundation and Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
What Types Of Diabetes Require Insulin
People with Type 1 diabetes need insulin to live. If you have Type 1 diabetes, your body has attacked your pancreas, destroying the cells that make insulin. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas makes insulin, but it doesnt work as it should. In some people with Type 2 diabetes, insulin may be needed to help glucose move from your bloodstream to your bodys cells where its needed for energy. You may or may not need insulin if you have gestational diabetes. If you are pregnant or have Type 2 diabetes, your healthcare provider will check your blood glucose level, assess other risk factors and determine a treatment approach which may include a combination of lifestyle changes, oral medications and insulin. Each person is unique and so is your treatment plan.
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How Is Diabetes Managed
Diabetes affects your whole body. To best manage diabetes, youll need to take steps to keep your risk factors under control and within the normal range, including:
- Keep your blood glucose levels as near to normal as possible by following a diet plan, taking prescribed medication and increasing your activity level.
- Maintain your blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels as near the normal ranges as possible.
- Control your blood pressure. Your blood pressure should not be over 140/90 mmHg.
You hold the keys to managing your diabetes by:
- Planning what you eat and following a healthy meal plan. Follow a Mediterranean diet or Dash diet. These diets are high in nutrition and fiber and low in fats and calories. See a registered dietitian for help understanding nutrition and meal planning.
- Exercising regularly. Try to exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Walk, swim or find some activity you enjoy.
- Losing weight if you are overweight. Work with your healthcare team to develop a weight-loss plan.
- Taking medication and insulin, if prescribed, and closely following recommendations on how and when to take it.
- Quitting smoking .
You have a lot of control on a day-to-day basis in managing your diabetes!
Who Should Be Tested For Diabetes
Anyone who has symptoms of diabetes should be tested for the disease. Some people will not have any symptoms but may have risk factors for diabetes and need to be tested. Testing allows health care professionals to find diabetes sooner and work with their patients to manage diabetes and prevent complications.
Testing also allows health care professionals to find prediabetes. Making lifestyle changes to lose a modest amount of weight if you are overweight may help you delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.
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How Do I Check
People with diabetes check their blood sugar levels by poking their fingertips and using a blood glucose meter or a continuous glucose monitor to measure the blood glucose level at that moment. Read on to find out how to use a blood glucose meter. To find out more about CGMs, start by talking to your doctor.