Tuesday, February 27, 2024

Type 2 Diabetes Dry Mouth

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Why Should Diabetics Use Ginger Spray To Relieve Dryness In Mouth

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Often regarded as one of the superstar herbs, ginger can work wonders to regulate saliva production. A single spray containing ginger plant significantly increases the amount of saliva. Most notably, you can feel the moist oral environment very shortly after use and the effect is highly satisfactory.

Other reasons to try the ginger spray are its low cost, easy availability, and fewer side effects.

If you do not like the taste of ginger, you may consider the following measures.

  • Avoid high-salt foods that increase thirst.
  • Limit or avoid high-caffeine beverages and alcohol.
  • Drink enough water to stay hydrated.
  • Visit your dentist at least two times a year.

Chronically High Blood Sugar Levels

But if your symptoms of a dry mouth are persistent, its likely a sign that your blood sugars are running too high on a regular basis.

Chronic dry mouth is easy to dismiss as no big deal, but it can easily lead to an infection and gum disease if left untreated.

If you combine high blood sugar levels with inadequate amounts of saliva, the risk for these conditions increases significantly:

  • fungal infection
  • tooth decay
  • gum disease
  • thrush or candidiasis

Your mouth was designed to be at its healthiest in a moist environment. It relies on saliva to help remove food and bacteria from your mouth.

Along with the many other complications that can develop from persistent high blood sugars, your mouth is vulnerable, too.

  • Learn how to lower your A1c in Diabetes Strongs A1c Guide.

Frequent Urination Could Be Related To Diabetes

When there is excess glucose present in the blood, as with type 2 diabetes, the kidneys are not able to handle all of it and have to flush some out of the blood and into the urine, Ovalle says. This results in more urine production and increased urinary frequency and urgency, called polyuria. Some people may notice they have to get up every couple of hours during the night to urinate and that they produce more urine when they do go.

The presence of excess glucose can also cause the urine to have a sweet smell. This is most common in advanced cases of type 2 diabetes, he says.

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Why Are Diabetics More Susceptible

A Dry Mouth isnt always just a result of dehydration. Diabetes and Dry Mouth are linked, as diabetes causes a reduction in saliva. With between 40%-80% of diabetics reporting Dry Mouth symptoms, the condition can be a result of diabetes. Reduced saliva can lead to tooth decay or an oral condition such as gingivitis. This nagging complaint can disrupt sleep, cause changes in oral hydration and fluctuations in your sense of smell and taste. Diabetics may also experience Dry Mouth as a result of various medications.

Dry Mouth And Diabetes

Diabetes type 2: High blood sugar mouth signs include gum ...

One of the strongest indicators of diabetes is dry mouth, with a study showing that more than 90% of diabetic patients exhibit its symptoms. For individuals with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, their elevated blood sugar levels and medications make them extremely susceptible to dry mouth.

It starts out as a domino effect before it goes full circle: high blood glucose leads to increased urine production to flush out the excess blood sugar. Frequent urination leads to significant loss of fluids in the bodydehydration. The dehydration manifests in the lack of production of saliva, causing xerostomia. A study also proved that diabetics produce less saliva than non-diabetics. When the diabetes has been identified and addressed with multiple medications, certain medications may further aggravate the dry mouth. Dry mouth that is influenced by a consistent upsurge of blood glucose levels can cause tooth decay, gum disease, and mouth sores. These diseases heighten the blood sugar production of the body in a cycle of fighting off the infection, failing, and then trying again.

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Type 2 Diabetes In Older Adults

Your risk of type 2 diabetes goes up as you age because your body can become resistant to insulin and your pancreas might not work as well as it used to.

Diabetes is more likely to cause complications in people 65 and older, especially heart attacks, eye problems, loss of a leg , and kidney disease.

Risk Of Bias Across Studies

Due to the fact that only articles published in the English language were reviewed, publication bias could not be ruled out. Although we searched three databases, we cannot guarantee that some related papers might not have been identified. However, we did check the reference lists of reviewed articles to identify relevant studies. The studies reviewed presented different types of DM and DM and non-DM patients of different age that could cause detection bias. We minimized it by grouping together studies with similar age and the same DM type in every outcome.

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Uncontrolled Diabetes May Trigger Unexpected Weight Loss

In type 2 diabetes, the bodys cells don’t get enough glucose for energy. As a result, the body can turn to breaking down its fat stores for energy, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Severe, unintended weight loss is most common when the type 2 diabetes goes undetected for a long time, according to research.

Increased urination can also contribute to weight loss. For example, if you are urinating high levels of glucose because of uncontrolled diabetes, you are literally flushing calories down the toilet, says Daniel Einhorn, MD, the medical director of the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute and a clinical professor of medicine at the University of California in San Diego. Dehydration involves a significant loss of water weight.

How Can I Manage My Type 2 Diabetes

type 2 diabetes symptoms

Nobody likes dieting, but according to Dr. Apovian, Weight losses of as little as 3-5% have been shown to reduce risk of type 2 diabetes in people who have been medically advised to lose weight. Dietary changes are not only to reduce calories but to change macronutrient content and quality, meaning more fiber, more protein, less simple carbohydrates, healthier fats, and reducing processed foods.

When doctors and nutritionists refer to inflammatory diets, theyre largely talking about processed foods. But its not just food that can be inflammatory. Certain lifestyle factors can also set your body up for systemic inflammation which can then decrease your ability to manage glucose.

Factors that promote systemic inflammation include:

  • Processed foods
  • Anxiety and depression

Managing type 2 diabetes is an individual practice, but you can apply some general recommendations:

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What The Research Says

A 2013 study published in the journal BMC Oral Health looked at 125 people with type 2 diabetes. Researchers measured factors including missing teeth, the incidence of periodontal disease, and the amount of reported dental bleeding.

The study found that a combination of the longer people had diabetes, the higher their fasting blood glucose, and the higher their hemoglobin A1C , the more likely they were to have periodontal disease and dental bleeding.

Those who did not report careful self-management of their condition were more likely to have missing teeth than those who did work to control their blood sugar levels.

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Complications Of Dry Mouth

Untreated dry mouth can lead to oral health issues. Saliva breaks down carbohydrates and contains cells that can help fight off pathogens that may lead to infection. When you have less saliva, glucose and germs can build up in your mouth. This can lead to the buildup of plaque, which may lead to cavities.

Unmanaged dry mouth can lead to the following complications over time:

  • gingivitis, or inflamed, irritated gums due to the presence of bacteria
  • periodontitis, or inflammation around the tissue that surrounds the teeth
  • thrush, or candidiasis, which is the growth of excess fungus in the mouth
  • bad breath that persists after brushing teeth and excessive cleaning

In some severe cases, the salivary glands can become infected. A dry mouth can also lead to problems with sleeping and affect your sense of taste.

Is Dry Mouth A Symptom Of Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes â Diabetes Can Cause A Dry Mouth

According to a , dry mouth can be a warning sign of diabetes. However, although it is common in those with diabetes, it is not the only symptom.

A person may potentially experience several symptoms due to diabetes,

  • tingling or numbness in the extremities, such as the hands or feet
  • sores that do not heal

Although both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have similar symptoms, the NIDDK state that they do not develop in the same way.

They note that while people who develop type 1 diabetes usually experience a fast onset of symptoms, people living with type 2 diabetes tend to see a gradual onset of symptoms, which they may not notice until another complication develops, such as blurred vision.

People who experience dry mouth as a result of medication can ask a doctor about the possibility of switching medications. Managing any underlying conditions for example, keeping blood sugar levels within a safe range to control diabetes may also help.

Healthcare professionals can also prescribe medications to stimulate saliva production. These pilocarpine , which has a typical dosage of 5 milligrams three times a day, and cevimeline , which has a typical dosage of 30 mg three times a day.

A person will need to take these medications for 3 months to ensure that they are working.

A person can also try saliva substitutes that come in the form of gels, sprays, and lozenges. However, the authors of a note that these do not work reliably and that when they do, they only provide temporary relief.

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Salivary Flow And Xerostomia In Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Visualization, Writing original draft, Writing review & editing

    Affiliation Dental School Undergraduation and Graduation Programs, University of Fortaleza Unifor, Fortaleza, Brazil

  • Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Project administration, Writing review & editing

    Affiliation Dental School, University of Fortaleza Unifor, Fortaleza, Brazil

  • Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing review & editing

    Affiliation Dental School Graduation Program, University of Fortaleza Unifor, Fortaleza, Brazil

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Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed

Yes! The good news is that several studies have shown that type 2 diabetes can be reversed. You are considered in remission from type 2 diabetes when you have had normal blood sugar levels for a year without medication.

One of the most important components in reversing type 2 diabetes is early detection. Dr. Bergquist explains, The pancreas produces insulin. The longer you have diabetes, the more damage your insulin resistance causes to your pancreas, and the less likely your pancreas is to recover. Hence, the possibility for remission decreases the longer you have diabetes. But theres a wide window during which you can be successful.

Data Collection And Extraction

Can Diabetes Cause Dry Mouth?

Two authors independently screened all the retrieved titles and abstracts identified through the search strategies to identify potentially eligible articles. Full texts of relevant studies judged by title and abstract were read and independently assessed with reference to the eligibility criteria by two authors . Disagreements were resolved by discussion with a third reviewer . Data extraction was performed including information about first author, publication year, country, study population, mean age, type of DM, DM diagnosis , definition of xerostomia, definition of hyposalivation , type of flow rate, and data sources of the study. With regard to the results, xerostomia prevalence and salivary flow rate , as well as hyposalivation prevalence of DM and non-DM groups, were extracted. The reported statistical signification was extracted if it was available.

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Type 2 Diabetes Is Marked By High Blood Sugar

More than 34 million people in the United States have type 2 diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . But one-fourth of those people dont know they have the condition.

Getting your annual physical, which typically involves testing your fasting blood sugar levels, is a great first-line screening for type 2 diabetes, no matter how healthy you think your blood sugar levels are, says Dawn Turner, RD, CDCES, a diabetes educator at Northwestern Medicine Delnor Hospital in Geneva, Illinois. If your physician finds your levels to be high, theyll evaluate your A1C, which is a two- to three-month average of your blood sugar levels. That said, based on your family history, age, and overall health, your doctor may go ahead and include an A1C test in your yearly workup.

To stay fully on top of your metabolic health, you need to listen to what your body is telling you. Because type 2 diabetes affects every cell in the body, the condition can cause a wide range of symptoms, says Fernando Ovalle, MD, the director of the multidisciplinary diabetes clinic at the University of Alabama in Birmingham. No two people with type 2 diabetes experience the condition in the exact same way, and the number of symptoms, as well as their severity, fluctuate from person to person. Dr. Ovalle notes that most symptoms of type 2 diabetes come on and progress gradually.

Where Can I Find Help And Support For Managing My Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Educators. The American Diabetes Association has a diabetes education finder, where you can find diabetes counseling in your zip code. You may also want to work with a diabetes dietitian to clarify questions about carbs, eating schedules, and more. A diabetes dietitian falls under the umbrella of medical nutrition therapy and is covered by Medicare and many insurance policies. Exercise is another crucial part of care, and you may be eligible for physical therapy as part of your diabetes medical management plan. You can find more information on state-by-state coverage here.

Type 2 diabetes isnt a solo condition. Its largely influenced by our culture and community health practices. Expanding your community to a healthy support system can also be an important part of managing your type 2 diabetes.

Family and friends. Get them on board by creating new food habits together. Often, we feel pressure to maintain the status quo for our families while adjusting our own diets. The changes youre making to improve your health will also improve the health of your family. Choose healthful meals that you can all enjoy together and try to resist making separate meals for yourself.

  • Stroke
  • Cardiovascular disease

Hyperglycemia can cause myriad problems, with the primary complications being:

  • Feeling shaky
  • Headaches
  • Tingling or numbness in your lips, tongue, or cheeks

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Xerostomia is an ominous sounding name for a fairly common condition suffered by approximately 20% of the population, one that most people tend to underestimate, a dry mouth. In essence, having a dry mouth means the body is not producing enough saliva, which helps the mouth stay clean while removing harmful bacteria that can cause cavities and other painful infections in the mouth. Saliva neutralizes the acid in the mouth and is an important part of the digestive process as it provides the moisture needed to chew and swallow food.

Why Should You Choose Ucf To Help With Your Diabetes Needs

Type 2 diabetes: Xerostomia is a symptom of dangerously ...

UCF Health Services are expansive and include the treatment of endocrine disorders. Regardless of the type of diabetes you may be experiencing, our expert doctors can help get you back to optimal health. While there is currently no cure for diabetes, Orlando Endocrinology Services have vast experience in caring for patients with diabetes or other endocrine disorders.

Endocrinology experts at UCF Health spend years studying the bodys delicate endocrine system. They have seen a variety of patients from all walks of life and work with a team of other knowledgeable medical professionals to ensure each patient receives robust, correct health care. Disorders of the pituitary gland are no joke and can severely affect ones quality of life.

To discuss insurance coverage or make an appointment, visit our patient portal today. We make it easy to get our patients the health care access they need.

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