How To Get Rid Of Corns On The Bottoms Of The Feet
A corn is a type of callus that can form anywhere on the foot.Typically, corns grow because of friction or pressure. People can get corns on any part of the foot that protrudes. Repetitive action causes skin to thicken and grow in hard layers. Possible causes of corns can be poorly fitted shoes, walking barefoot or not wearing socks. For the most part, a corn is harmless, but they can cause great discomfort on places like the bottom of the foot. Treating a corn takes time and requires you to remove the source of the friction.
Soak your foot in warm, soapy water. Use a mild cleanser if you have sensitive skin, otherwise any soap, even dish soap, is fine. Soak for five to 10 minutes.
Place a towel on the floor to catch flaking skin. Set your wet foot on top of the towel.
Rub over the bottom of the foot with a pumice stone, focusing on the callus. This will scrub off the hardened layers of skin. Do not use a pumice stone if you have an infection or are prone to them.
Apply a lotion or cream to the affected area. This will soften the skin and keep the corn from cracking.
Use a pad to cover the area such as a self-adhesive gauze bandage. MayoClinic.com warns against applying corn removers or medicated pads since they contain chemicals that can irritate skin 1.
Remove the source of the pressure. For instance, if you wear shoes without socks, start wearing socks to reduce friction.
Control Your Blood Sugar To Help Avoid Diabetic Neuropathy
Theres a direct relationship between blood sugar level and damage to the nerve cells, says Tillett. Out-of-control blood sugar leads to neuropathy, and the better you are at controlling your blood sugar, the healthier your feet will be over the long term. Remember, if you already have an infection, high blood sugar levels can make it hard for your body to fight it.
How To Prevent Foot Corns In Diabetes
- Do not walk barefoot.
- Do not wear shoes made of plastic or vinyl.
- Wear suitable diabetes footwear with absorbent socks.
- Do not wear socks that are tight as they can stop blood supply.
- Keep your feet dry after washing them.
- Apply moisturizers.
- Apply astringents to reduce sweat collection.
- Cut toenails regularly.
- Examine feet daily and look for color changes on the skin.
In case the corn has redness, swelling, or drainage, seek medical attention immediately.
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Signs And Symptoms Of A Corn
Corns are a common foot problem. You can identify a corn on the foot by:
A key difference between corns and is that calluses are rarely painful. Corns have a central core. A pressure point the sensitive area the corn is protecting is located under the central core. Thats what makes a corn so painful.
Go Easy On Your Feet With Low
People with diabetes benefit from exercise, but what is the best kind? While exercise for diabetes certainly isn’t one-size-fits all, be mindful that many fitness classes and aerobics programs include bouncing, jumping, and leaping, which may not be good for your feet. This is especially true if you have neuropathy. Instead, look into programs, such as walking or swimming, that dont put too much pressure on your feet. Just make sure you have the right shoe for whatever activity you choose.
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What Is Salicylic Acid
The standard treatment for corns and calluses is salicylic acid. Doctors also use it in the treatment of other conditions such as warts.
This is a keratolytic, which means it dissolves the protein, or keratin, that makes up the corn and the dead skin around it. A person can buy it in the form of creams, pads, and plasters or apply it with an applicator or dropper.
After a person applies the acid, the top layer of the skin will turn white, and the person will be able to cut or file the dead skin off. Once the person has removed the corn or callus, they can soak the area and rub it with a pumice stone each week if the hard skin shows signs of coming back.
Salicylic acid comes in different concentrations. Stronger doses may work more quickly, but they require a prescription.
The ingredients can irritate surrounding skin, so a person should take care when applying it and should not use it on a cracked corn or callus.
People with diabetes should not use salicylic acid. Older adults should speak with a doctor before using salicylic acid, because this can cause skin problems that may be difficult to heal.
In rare cases, a person may experience an allergic reaction to salicylic acid. Symptoms may include a strong headache, stomachache, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, feeling faint, having difficulty breathing, and sensations of burning or irritation on the skin.
Check In With Your Care Team For More Help
Your doctor and your diabetes healthcare team are great sources of information if you need ideas and inspiration for taking care of your feet, quitting smoking, or staying on top of your numbers your weight, blood sugar, and other measures of health, such as blood pressure. Of course, if you notice any changes in your feet that concern you, its a good idea to see your doctor before your next regularly scheduled check-up.
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Q: When Should I Call A Podiatrist For An Appointment
A: Pain is never normal, especially if it has been going on for longer than one week. This means that most insurance plans will cover a visit if you feel you have a problem developing with your feet.
The longer you wait, the more serious the pain may become, which can lead to hospitalization or further foot problems.
It would help if you had it evaluated and treated to avoid long-term problems.
Trim Your Toenails Straight Across
Trim your toenails, when needed, after you wash and dry your feet. Using toenail clippers, trim your toenails straight across. Do not cut into the corners of your toenail. Gently smooth each nail with an emery board or nonsharp nail file. Trimming this way helps prevent cutting your skin and keeps the nails from growing into your skin.
Have a foot doctor trim your toenails if
- you cannot see, feel, or reach your feet
- your toenails are thick or yellowed
- your nails curve and grow into the skin
If you want to get a pedicure at a salon, you should bring your own nail tools to prevent getting an infection. You can ask your health care provider what other steps you can take at the salon to prevent infection.
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Podiatrist Callus Corn & Plantar Wart Treatment Video Summary:
Do you have a Plantar Wart? A Foot Corn, Toe Corn, or Foot Callus? We go over the TOP 20 BEST Home Remedies & Home Treatments! Learn the difference between plantar warts vs. corns vs. calluses.
Learn the BEST Home Remedies & Home Treatments for your plantar wart removal, foot callus, foot corn, toe callus & toe corn pain! The three most common lesions on the toes or feet are corns on the feet, warts on foot, corns on the toes, and foot calluses. Weve got you covered with all of these!
Plantar warts can also be known as an HPV wart , a planters wart, or a plantar verruca. There are different types of warts: flat warts, filiform warts, common warts, periungual warts, and warts on feet.
Are Corns And Calluses Painful
Corns and calluses may or may not be painful. Some corns and calluses may not be painful when they first develop but then become painful over time as they thicken. The raised areas of skin especially of corns can be tender or sensitive to touch or pressure. Calluses tend to be less sensitive to touch than the normal skin around it. Sometimes cracks form in a callus. Fissures can be painful. If you had a corn or callus that becomes infected, you will likely feel pain or at least some discomfort.
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Q: What Parts Of The Body Do Podiatrists Treat
A: Podiatrists in Michigan are licensed to treat the foot, ankle, and lower leg below the knee.
At Prime Foot & Ankle Specialists, we specialize in toenail problems, toe problems, foot problems, heel problems, ankle problems, minimally invasive surgery, advanced diagnostic techniques, and advanced treatment options. We pride ourselves on being your choice for all foot and ankle problems!
Q: How Can You Tell If You Have An Infected Ingrown Toenail
A: You may have an infected ingrown toenail if there are any signs of redness, swelling, pain, and drainage, such as puss coming from the area.
- If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your podiatric physician immediately.
- If you have toenail pain, then this may be a sign as well. It is never normal to have toenail pain.
- If you have toenail redness or toenail swelling, then this is never normal.
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Q: What Is A Podiatrist
A: Podiatrists are Doctors of Podiatric Medicine, DPM. Podiatrists are also known as podiatric physicians, foot doctors, or podiatric surgeons. Podiatrists often diagnose and treat the foot, ankle, and other related structures of the leg.
Podiatrists receive similar training that other doctors complete. They complete four years of training in a podiatric medical school and three years of hospital residency training.
The podiatrists at Prime Foot & Ankle Specialists have received extra training such as fellowships beyond residency and board certifications by the board of foot and ankle surgery and the board of podiatric medicine.
Diabetes And Foot Problems
Foot problems are common in people with diabetes. You might be afraid youll lose a toe, foot, or leg to diabetes, or know someone who has, but you can lower your chances of having diabetes-related foot problems by taking care of your feet every day. Managing your blood glucose levels, also called blood sugar, can also help keep your feet healthy.
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How To Improve Circulation For People With Diabetes
Suggestions to improve your blood circulation include:
- Control your blood fat levels.
- Keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
- Dont smoke. Smoking causes spasm and narrowing of blood vessels. Smokers have more heart attacks, strokes and circulation problems than non-smokers.
- Exercise daily. A brisk walk will help keep the blood flowing around your body.
How To Prevent Corns
To make sure your corns dont develop or come back after treatment, you have to eliminate the conditions that caused them. Here are some tips to help eliminate friction and prevent corns from forming:
- Get shoes and socks that fit properly. To get the right fit, ask a clerk to measure your foot, and then choose shoes that arent too loose or too tight. A tip for getting the correct size shoe is to shop for shoes at the end of the day, when your feet may be slightly swollen.
- Trim your toenails. If your toenails are too long, they can force your toes to push up against your shoe. This can create pressure that causes a corn to form over time.
- Use corn pads. Corn pads help protect against excess pressure or friction around your corn. They come in a variety of materials including foam, felt, and moleskin. Typically, these pads are donut-shaped to redistribute the pressure around the corn with an adhesive backing. They should be positioned so the corn is in the center hole.
- Keep your feet clean. Wash your feet daily with soap, water, and an appropriate scrub brush.
- Keep your feet moisturized. Use foot cream on a regular basis to prevent dryness and friction.
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Treatment From A Foot Specialist
A foot specialist, such as a podiatrist, may be able to offer treatments such as:
- cutting away the corn or callus
- patches to help soften the hard skin so it can be removed
- specially made soft pads or insoles to take pressure off the painful area of your foot
Referral to a podiatrist on the NHS may not be available to everyone and waiting times can be long. You can pay to see a podiatrist privately.
How To Get Rid Of Corns
Before treating corns, you must first evaluate the cause of your friction. In many cases, theyll go away on their own when the pressure or friction causing them stops.
If protecting the corn from further irritation doesnt solve your problem, dermatologists recommend the following steps to get rid of corns:
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Foot Corns Risk Factors
People who wear ill-fitting footwear, high heels, and who do not wear socks are prone to get corns. Activities that lead to excessive pressure and friction on the feet can lead to corns.These include running, jogging, climbing, and others.People with foot deformities, hammertoe, bunions, and conditions like diabetes are at a risk of getting corns.
What Is Salicylic Acid And How Does It Work
Many exfoliating scrubs, lotions, and ointments contain salicylic acid.
There are also direct treatment options, including corn pads containing salicylic acid. People can apply these directly to the corn.
Salicylic acid helps break down the skin cells of the corn and makes them much easier to scrape away.
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When To See The Doctor For Corns
A corn can impact you by causing extreme pain when you walk. This can greatly affect your quality of life. Some corns can be small and unproblematic, while others can be extremely painful and become infected.
You should see the doctor for a corn when it becomes painful. If you suffer from diabetes and develop a corn, you should also seek treatment from your health care provider.
Diabetic Foot Callus Removal:
There are several options that your podiatrist may try to remove a callus from a diabetic foot. Which method to use will depend on the size, severity, depth, and the presence of infection in your callus. If your blood sugar level is well under control, your risk of infection will be low, and the procedure will go smoothly without complications.
Trim away excess skin of your callus:
- A sterile surgical blade will be used to remove a callus. The excess skin is trimmed gently and methodically because good healthy skin must not be damaged. Hard skin will be peeled off layer by layer until all dead skin layers are trimmed and exposed to live skin. The edges of your callus are smoothed with a pumice stone to enhance your comfort. Trimming will not need any local anesthesia as this procedure causes no pain.
- Sometimes your podiatrist will use an electric razor to trim your callus.
Total removal of the callus:
- Your podiatrist will use a sterile scalpel to remove ulcerated calluses. Infection underneath your dead skin is taken out. A local anesthetic will be injected to numb the area so that you will not get pain during the procedure. In diabetic patients, the infection risk of a callus is high, especially because they may take time to notice ulcerated calluses. Therefore, callus removal with a scalpel is a common procedure in patients who have diabetes.
- Sometimes a cortisone injection may be given to reduce the pain and inflammation in that region after the procedure.
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Can Diabetics Eat Corn
Yes, diabetics can eat corn.
The energy, vitamins, minerals, and fiber are a source of corn. Sodium and lipids are also low. If you take carbohydrates into account in your diet, you get 16 grams of carbs in half a cup of sweet-cooked corn and 19 grams in a little ear approximately 6 cm long. If you look at the glycemic index to determine how fast a carb-containing item is converted into glucose, the sweet maize comes into the moderate category of GI, and Harvard Health Publishing reports that a portion of it is 52 on the scale.
However, you should be careful of harmful additives, such as butter and salt, to your veggie, which adds saturated fat and sodium. Try to use a replacement butter and fresh herbs such as basil or cilantro to make your meal. Other foods that contain maize, such as air-based popcorn, providing 6 g carbohydrates a cup, and cakes of popcorn carrying 8 g of one-cake portion, are also available.
Check the nutrition label for its carb content for all processed goods using maize. Maize provides additional essential nutrients for digestive health as part of a balanced diet such as fiber, vitamin A for the eyes and skin, and B-family vitamins for nerve or brain function. Maize, the Indian American maize term, is, literally, life-supporting. It is the worlds biggest cereal grain after wheat and rice. Maize is botanically part of the grass family.
When To See A Doctor
If you have a very painful corn or if you have diabetes, fragile skin, or peripheral arterial disease, you should consult a doctor before pursuing home treatment. You can connect to a dermatologist in your area using the Healthline FindCare tool. Seek medical attention if your corn shows signs of infection with symptoms including:
- worsening pain
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