Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes
Itâs important to get your blood sugar under control to avoid these serious conditions:
- Hypoglycemia. If your blood sugar falls below 70 milligrams per deciliter , it can lead to accidents, coma, and death.
- Hyperglycemia. Blood sugar that goes above 180 to 200 mg/dL can give you heart, nerve, kidney, and vision problems. Over the long term, it also can cause coma and death.
Over time, people with type 2 diabetes may have other health problems:
- Diabetic ketoacidosis. When you donât have enough insulin in your system, your blood sugar rises, and your body breaks down fat for energy. Toxic acids called ketones build up and spill into your urine. It can cause coma and death if you donât treat it.
- Heartand blood vessel diseases. People with diabetes are more likely to have conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol, which play a role in heart disease. Also, high blood sugar can damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart.
- High blood pressure. Diabetes doubles your risk of high blood pressure, which makes you more likely to have heart disease or stroke.
- Nerve damage . This can cause tingling and numbness, most often in your feet and legs. But it can also affect your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels, and heart.
- Eyedamage. Diabetes can cause:
- Glaucoma, a buildup of pressure in your eyes
- Cataracts, a cloudiness of your lens
- Retinopathy, which is damage to the blood vessels in your eyes
When To See Your Doctor
If you have diabetes and experience increased thirst for a number of days, you should make an appointment to see your doctor/healthcare team
We All Have That One Friend Who Shows Up To Parties In The Middle Of Summer In A Sweater And A Beanie After All It Doesnt Take A Scientist To Know That Individual Preferences For Temperature May Vary How Hot Or Cold We Feel At Any Given Temperature Setting Is A Function Of Our Bodys Unique Constitution
In most cases, feeling a bit toasty when others around you seem to be comfortable, is nothing to be alarmed about. Your metabolism might just be running a bit warmer than others. However, if you constantly feel too hot for comfort and feel like you are always close to breaking a sweat, you might need to check with your doctor to find out if you have an underlying condition thats causing your symptoms.
A number of conditions could cause you to feel uncomfortably hot, even if the ambient temperature is normal or cool. Here, we explore a few of the reasons why you might be feeling hot:
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How To Control Blood Sugar Levels At Night
- Before going to bed: Check your glucose levels and take steps to make sure they wont sink too low overnight.
- In the hours leading up to bed: Avoid alcohol, and try not to eat hot and spicy food these can lead to night sweats even in non-diabetics.
- Earlier in the day: Consider changing your routine so that you can fit exercise in during the daytime. This will ensure you have time to replenish glucose stores before it is time to sleep.
Why You Might Be Getting Infections And Healing Slowly
“Slow healing can occur due to several factors,” Williams says. “First of all, high blood sugars prevent the infection-fighting cells of the body from working properly. Second, some people with diabetes have poor circulation where the tissues aren’t supplied with enough blood to allow normal healing to occur.”
“Dental disease definitely occurs more frequently with poorly controlled diabetes,” Williams says. “This is due to the elevated glucose levels causing more decay in the enamel and more infections around the gum line . Over a long period of time, uncontrolled diabetes can result in bone loss in the jaws, which can then result in premature loss of teeth.”
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What Is The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood or young adulthood, whereas type 2 diabetes usually starts in adulthood. In people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys pancreatic cells that produce insulin. In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is not attacked and usually produces insulin. However, people with type 2 diabetes, for numerous reasons, cannot use the available insulin effectively.
People with type 2 diabetes can have the same symptoms as those with type 1 diabetes, however, people with type 1 diabetes usually have symptoms that occur more rapidly. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with a healthy lifestyle.
How To Treat Someone Who’s Unconscious Or Very Sleepy
Follow these steps:
They may need to go to hospital if they’re being sick , or their blood sugar level drops again.
Tell your diabetes care team if you ever have a severe hypo that caused you to lose consciousness.
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How Peripheral Neuropathy Leaves You Cold
When diabetes goes uncontrolled for a long time, the nerves in your hands and feet can sustain permanent damage. This sort of nerve damage in the extremities is known as peripheral neuropathy, and it can interfere with all sorts of regular sensations.
For many people, nerve damage leads to pain, numbness or tingling. You may feel a pins-and-needles sensation in your fingers that lingers for a long time, or you can lose sensitivity, making it more difficult to pick things up or feel different textures. In some cases, the opposite is true heightened sensitivity makes any contact agonizing.
Since the nerves in your limbs also monitor temperature and send those signals to your brain, it is not uncommon for hands and feet to feel abnormally cold too. Coldness or numbness that stems from peripheral neuropathy often brings along some other common symptoms, like:
- Sharp pains.
- Loss of reflexes.
- Loss of balance.
If you havent noticed any strange symptoms in your extremities other than the cold feeling, you may be dealing with a different diabetic complication. Another type of neuropathy may be causing the trouble, or it could have more to do with your blood sugar levels or insulin usage.
Other Causes Of Hot Flashes
Whether itâs a symptom or medication side effect, these health conditions — or their treatments — can also lead to hot flashes.
Breast cancer. Treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, ovary removal, and antiestrogen therapy can bring on whatâs called chemical menopause. And with it comes lower estrogen levels and symptoms like hot flashes. Hot flashes that result from breast cancer treatment can be more frequent and severe than natural ones.
If youâve been through menopause already and had hot flashes then, youâll probably get them again if you take tamoxifen to treat your cancer. Theyâll be about as severe and happen about as often as the first time around.
Pregnancy or recent childbirth. Thereâs a lot we donât know about hot flashes, and the fact that they can happen to menopausal women as well as expectant and new mothers proves how mysterious they are. Once study found they peaked at week 30 for pregnant women and week 2 after giving birth for new moms. But as with menopause, this is a time when hormone levels shift dramatically and women put on extra weight.
Multiple sclerosis . Heat can make your symptoms worse, whether itâs hot and humid outside or you have a fever. You might notice whatâs called Uhthoffâs sign, changes in vision when you get too hot. Any problems should go away once you cool back down.
Men whoâve had their testicles removed to treat cancer may also get hot flashes.
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Yellowish Scaly Patches On And Around Your Eyelids
These develop when you have high fat levels in your blood. It can also be a sign that your diabetes is poorly controlled.The medical name for this condition is xanthelasma.
- Tell your doctor about the yellowish scaly patches around your eyes.
- Talk with your doctor about how to better control your diabetes. Controlling diabetes can clear the scaly patches.
Why My Mouth Feels Hot Symptoms And Solutions
Besides common symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes or mood swings, some women complain of a hot sensation in their mouth. This bothersome symptom is often primarily associated with a burning mouth syndrome , which is characterized by pain and burning throughout the mouth, but a hot mouth sensation can also be caused by a number of other conditions. Read on to get a clearer understanding on why your mouth feels hot, what symptoms are involved, and what solutions you have at your disposal.
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Your Medication Is Making You Run Hot
We all know that prescription medications can have a long list of side effects. Hot flashes are a common one, especially with diabetes medication. If you take medication to lower your blood sugar and it gets too low, you can experience sweating, says Dr. Shah. Other medications that can make you feel like youre living in tropical climes: antidepressants and opioids. If you started new medication and notice that youre having hot flashes, keep a log to note your symptoms, Dr. says Shah.
Heart Failure Heart Attack Or Stroke
Excessive sweating can be a clear and emergent sign of heart failure, heart attack, or a stroke. If your sweating is an issue youve been dealing with on a regular basis for weeks and months, its likely not related to one of these life-threatening heart conditions.
Treatment: If youre also experiencing symptoms of shaking, chills, and fever, you should get to an emergency room immediately. As with everything else, getting your blood sugars into a healthier range can significantly reduce your chances of developing a cardiovascular condition.
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How Heat Can Affect You
Dr. Hamaty says the extreme heat of summer affects blood sugar levels. How the heat affects your levels depends on what youve eaten, whether youre well-hydrated and your activity level.
If the heat and your activity makes you sweat a lot, you may become dehydrated, leading to a rise in glucose levels. If you become dehydrated, your blood glucose levels will rise. This can lead to frequent urination, which then leads to further dehydration and even higher blood sugar levels a kind of vicious cycle, he says.
Things can become even worse if the treatment includes insulin: Dehydration reduces blood supply to your skin and, therefore, the ability of your body to absorb the insulin youve injected is reduced, he says.
You Ate Something Spicy
The extra hot sauce on your tacos doesnt just make your mouth burn it can also make your body flush. With spicy foods, the body sends blood flow to the face, tongue, and oral pharynx. As blood flow increases, you can feel more hot, says Dr. Booth. If you notice that certain foods make you sweat under the collar, keep a food log and talk to your doctor, says Dr. Shah. That way, your healthcare provider can work with you to adjust your diet.
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You’re Experiencing Prolonged Stress Or Flares Of Anxiety
It may be staring you right in the face, but people rarely consider the effect that poor emotional wellbeing may take on your body. If you’ve taken to the Internet to determine the source of any newfound hot flashes that simply won’t die, there’s a good chance that anxiety or stress could be playing a role.
Nearly anyone who’s nervous or anxious about something can tell you that feeling sweaty is normal and it is! But some forms of prolonged anxiety can trigger waves of nervous energy and heat on the regular experts at the Cleveland Clinic have documented how your body’s flight-or-fight response can draw blood quickly into your core, leading your body temperature to climb rapidly. Facing a crowd or having to make a public presentation, for example, could keep you running hot for more than a few hours on end.
There are ways to treat this sudden onset heat, but if feeling sweaty is accompanied by other symptoms like chest pains or gastrointestinal issues, talking more about your anxiety with a qualified therapist is a must. There are a few other clue-ins that you might be dealing with emotional distress, leading to overheating.
Silent Symptoms Of Diabetes
More than 30 million Americans have diabetes, including 7.2 million that are undiagnosed. Additionally, 1.5 million Americans are newly diagnosed each year. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. Diabetes has plenty of early signs, but some symptoms are subtle. Here are 10 subtle signs of diabetes:
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Maybe It’s A Different Type
If you or someone you know is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes but isnt responding well to the typical treatments for type 2 diabetes, it may be worth a visit to an endocrinologist to determine what type of diabetes is happening. Generally, this requires antibody tests and possibly the measurement of a C-peptide level.
How Heat Can Affect Your Medication
Most types of insulin can tolerate temperatures up to 93-95 degrees Fahrenheit. Exposing your supply to anything higher than this will make the medication quickly break down. Be careful and pay attention to any insulin youre carrying with you in the heat.
While its fine to store insulin and glucagon in the refrigerator, hot temperatures will cause the medications to degrade, making them ineffective and unusable. High temperatures can have a negative effect on other medications and diabetes management supplies too. Dont forget about the weathers effect on things like test strips and monitoring devices. When the mercury begins to rise, these items can change in their effectiveness.
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Slow Healing Wounds And Increased Skin Infections
Lingering sugar in the blood wreaks havoc on veins and arteries disrupting circulation. Without proper blood flow, it takes longer for cuts and bruises to heal, and you are more prone to skin infections.
Red Flag: Paper cuts, bumps and bruises take more than a few days to go away, cuts scab over repeatedly or wounds that last weeks to months.
Early Signs Of Diabetes
Both types of diabetes have some of the same telltale warning signs.
- Hunger and fatigue. Your body converts the food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. But your cells need insulin to take in glucose. If your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin, or if your cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can’t get into them and you have no energy. This can make you hungrier and more tired than usual.
- Peeing more often and being thirstier. The average person usually has to pee between four and seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes may go a lot more. Why? Normally, your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes your blood sugar up, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back in. This causes the body to make more urine, and that takes fluids. The result: You’ll have to go more often. You might pee out more, too. Because you’re peeing so much, you can get very thirsty. When you drink more, you’ll also pee more.
- Dry mouth and itchy skin. Because your body is using fluids to make pee, there’s less moisture for other things. You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make you itchy.
- Blurred vision. Changing fluid levels in your body could make the lenses in your eyes swell up. They change shape and canÃ¢â¬â¢t focus.
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Early Signs And Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your body doesnât make enough of a hormone called insulin or doesnât use insulin the way it should. Insulin helps carry glucose to your cells. So when thereâs a problem with the insulin, glucose builds up in your blood. Youâve probably heard this called high blood sugar.
About 90% of people who have diabetes have type 2. The other two main ones are type 1, in which your body stops making insulin, and gestational, which happens in pregnant women.
You can usually control type 2 diabetes with lifestyle changes. Some people also need medication.
You might not know that you have type 2 diabetes until it affects your health. About 1 in 4 people with the condition donât know that they have it.
Symptoms can come on slowly. They may include: