Maintaining A Healthy Weight
For people with excess weight, losing even a little can help reduce the risk of both high blood pressure and diabetes.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute notes that a of body weight can improve blood pressure readings.
Similarly, the notes that a 57% loss of body weight can help stop prediabetes from developing into diabetes. This equates to a loss of 1014 pounds for a person who weighs 200 pounds.
Diabetes And High Blood Pressure Risks
The condition occurs in as many as two-thirds of people with diabetes and places these individuals at twice the risk of heart disease than a person only dealing with high blood pressure.
Theres no doubt that diabetes and high blood pressure are a dangerous duo, said Betul Hatipoglu, MD, an endocrinologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. Theyre both very common and are linked by obesity, which is also very common. Nearly half of all people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure at the time of their diagnosis.
How To Control Blood Pressure
There are many things you can do to manage your blood pressure. Healthy eating, physical activity, managing weight and stress, and taking your medications as prescribed can all help.
With time, your taste buds will adjust to the natural flavours of food without added salt.
Talk to a registered dietitian to learn more about healthy eating.
|Vegetables and fruits more often||Limit processed, smoked and cured foods|
|Low-fat dairy products||Adding salt at the table and use a minimum amount in cooking|
|Legumes more often||Seasonings that contain the words salt or sodium, such as garlic salt, celery salt, Kosher salt, sea salt or monosodium glutamate|
|Whole grains, such as whole-wheat breads, cereal, pasta and brown rice||Limit frozen convenience foods and fast-food restaurant meals|
|Lean meats and poultry without added salt|
|To flavour your foods with herbs, spices, fresh garlic, garlic powder, onion powder, lemon or vinegar instead of salt|
|To eat fish at least twice a week|
|Unsalted or no added salt items|
Build physical activity into your day. Regular physical activity can improve blood pressure and heart health. Aim for 150 minutes of physical activity per week.
Check with your health-care team about the exercise routine that is suitable for you. Both aerobic and resistance exercises are recommended for people with diabetes.
Be a non-smoker
Limit alcohol intake
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Summary Of Main Findings And Comparison With Existing Literature
People with type 2 diabetes even those with raised blood pressure may not be aware of the association between diabetes and raised blood pressure and of the increased risk of developing cardiovascular, eye, and kidney disease. These findings are consistent with survey results that showed that less than 20% of people with diabetes knew that this increased their risk of heart disease.15
Controlling blood sugar is perceived to be within each individual’s control, but controlling blood pressure was viewed by some as beyond personal control and they therefore considered health professionals to be responsible for this. This view has been found in other studies of patients with hypertension.16,17
There is scepticism about the diagnosis of raised blood pressure, of targets and management of blood pressure, and some people with type 2 diabetes were sceptical about the advice and education about diabetes they received within primary care. This closely resembles the ambivalence described in relation to the diagnosis of diabetes with subsequent difficulty in accepting medical advice,18 and in relation to patients with hypertension.19,20
Piloting And Data Collection
The topic guide was piloted in a focus group involving participants from the local Diabetes UK group. This was followed by a pilot focus group involving people with type 2 diabetes registered with a suburban general practice that was not participating in the randomised controlled trial. No modifications to the topic guide were made following the pilot focus group and, therefore, we used these data in the analysis.11
Each focus group lasted between 1 and 1.5 hours and all were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. The Asian focus group was held in English with translation being carried out during the group by the facilitator. The tape was sent to an independent translator to verify the accuracy of the translation.
Information regarding participants’ address and postcode, age, self-ascribed ethnicity , treatment for diabetes, and whether the participant knew they had raised blood pressure were collected by completion of a form at the beginning of each focus group.
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Diagnosing And Managing Hypertension
The recommendations on diagnosing and managing hypertension have been removed. For recommendations on hypertension in people with type 2 diabetes, see the NICE guideline on hypertension in adults. Diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of hypertension is broadly the same for people with type 2 diabetes as for other people. When a different approach is needed for people with type 2 diabetes, this is specified in the hypertension guideline.
What Should Your Blood Pressure Be
Readings vary, but most people with diabetes should have a blood pressure of no more than 130/80.
The first, or top, number is the “systolic pressure,” or the pressure in your arteries when your heart squeezes and fills the vessels with blood. The second, or bottom, number is the “diastolic pressure,” or the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between beats, filling itself with blood for the next contraction.
When it comes to preventing diabetes complications, normal blood pressure is as important as good control of your blood sugar levels.
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What You Can Do
As is the case with most common health conditions, experts say that a combination of lifestyle changes and prescription drugs are often an effective one-two punch for people with both hypertension and Type 2 diabetes.
First, I would say that lifestyle changes are the basics of all disease management, Brunstrom says. He re-emphasizes the strong associations linking hypertension and Type 2 diabetes to obesity, and the role excess weight plays in exacerbating many health complications. Obesity or overweight is a huge driver of both these conditions, so weight management would be very crucial, he says. Diet, exerciseany way you can get your weight down is good.
Even if youre not losing weight, exercise is still beneficial. It increases circulation around the body and improves function of the small vessels, which might get pressure down, he says. It might also improve the sensitivity to insulin and reduce glucose. Thats all good stuff. Even short of sweaty exercise sessions, spending less time sitting or in a sedentary positionwalking, for example, or doing chores around the house on your feetmay be helpful.
Weight-loss surgery may be a treatment option worth considering. Recent research shows that bariatric surgery has helped both young people and adults get better control of their diabetes and hypertension. In some cases, especially those involving teenagers, weight-loss surgery has removed the need for medications or even eliminated the diseases entirely.
How Long Doess It Take For Blood Pressure To Naturally Come Down
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No one thought high blood pressure prescription drugs he would make such a request. Judas once again came forward to enlighten his father and said Father, only by taking the little brother can we buy diabetes food.
He did knock on a lot of doors, although they closed again soon. The Xu family was happy and worried, and supported him to continue his great cause.
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In the courtyard outside the building, some wonderful plays are staged from time to time. A comprehensive description of the inside and outside of the unspoken rule building and its long history is far from what this article is capable of, but we might as well follow Zhang Jixin on the stairs in the northwest corner to take a few floors to see what other floors and rooms look type 2 diabetes blood pressure meds like.
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Healthy Recipes For Type 2 Diabetes And High Blood Pressure
Modified: Nov 2, 2020 by TheDiabetesCouncil Team · This post may contain affiliate links ·
Having diabetes can make cooking and meal planning a task that takes a bit more attention to detail, but that does not mean it has to be difficult or even devoid of fun and flavor. When designing a meal plan to keep Type 2 Diabetes and high blood pressure at bay, its important to make sure that youre including a variety of lean meats, fresh fruits, and vegetables, as well as whole grains and low fat dairy products. With this in mind, its nearly impossible not to design a meal plan for yourself that youll look forward to cooking for yourself in fact, cutting sugar and unhealthy fats while keeping the five food groups intact will guarantee that youre not only getting the most nutrients possible out of these ingredients, youll be able to manage your diabetes and blood pressure with ease.
Strengths And Limitations Of The Study
Holding separate focus groups for white, AfricanCaribbean and Asian participants, and facilitating these in the appropriate language with the use of interpreters, enabled the expression of the range of views of the predominant cultures in Nottingham. We made pragmatic decisions about recruiting participants from both minority ethnic groups. Rather than not have them represented, we chose to recruit from a pre-existing group for the Asian cohort and to include the data from the AfricanCaribbean group even though numbers were small. Although a range of views are represented, this data cannot be considered representative of all people with diabetes, and far more groups would have been needed to allow us to make comparisions between views of different minority ethnic groups.
We are also aware that practices that were participating in the randomised controlled trial may have had an increased awareness of the importance of controlling blood pressure in people with type 2 diabetes. It is possible that people with diabetes registered at practices not participating in the randomised controlled trial may have even lower levels of awareness of the increased risks associated with having both diabetes and raised blood pressure. Our findings may, therefore, overestimate the degree of such awareness in the wider population of people with diabetes.
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What Is A Good Resting Blood Pressure
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Ethics And Consent Statement
Ethical approval for the study was obtained from the Institute of Public Health College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar. The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Written informed consent was obtained from all study participants and confidentiality was kept. All the study participants answered the administered pre-tested questionnaires voluntarily and confidently.
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Healthy Tips For Lowering Blood Pressure
Making certain lifestyle changes can not only reduce complications from diabetes but can also greatly reduce your risk of high blood pressure. In fact, lowering your systolic blood pressure by 10 points has been shown to lower all diabetes complication risks by 12 percent overall.
Here are some helpful tips:
- Regularly visit your primary care physician and take advantage of free blood pressure screenings.
- The American Heart Association recommends either 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity exercise, 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise, or a combination of moderate and vigorous activity each week.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Limit your salt intake to two grams per day, which is about one teaspoon.
- Eat a diet with low sugar but plenty of fruits, vegetables, fish, healthy fats, and whole grains.
- Dont smoke and drink only in moderation.
- Avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , which can raise blood pressure. Take acetaminophen instead whenever possible.
If you have type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, these lifestyle changes can help you get your diabetes and blood pressure under control. The goal is to live well with diabetes and work to prevent complications, and lowering your blood pressure is a critical step.
American Heart Association Recommendations for Physical Activity in Adults. . American Heart Association. Retrieved from
Genetically Elevated Sbp Associates With Type 2 Diabetes
We calculated a causal effect estimate with the GRS method, using an expanded instrument with the greatest number of SBP associations and our European meta-analysis association for type 2 diabetes . We found that a 1-mmHg genetic elevation of SBP was associated with a 2% increase in type 2 diabetes risk . Next, we applied a more conservative genetic instrument comprising SNPs exclusively associated with SBP to evaluate a causal effect for type 2 diabetes. Consistent with the above, we found that a 1-mmHg genetic increase in SBP associated with a 2% increase in type 2 diabetes risk . Our causal genetic estimates are consistent with observational reports suggesting a 1%4% increase in hazard of type 2 diabetes for a 1-mmHg elevation in SBP .
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Risk Factors For High Blood Pressure With Diabetes
According to the ADA, the combination of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes is particularly lethal and can significantly raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Having type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure also increases your chances of developing other diabetes-related diseases, such as kidney disease and retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy may cause blindness.
Theres also significant evidence to show that chronic high blood pressure can speed the arrival of problems with the ability to think that are associated with aging, such as Alzheimers disease and dementia. According to the AHA, blood vessels in the brain are particularly susceptible to damage due to high blood pressure. This makes it a major risk factor for stroke and dementia.
Uncontrolled diabetes isnt the only health factor that increases risk for high blood pressure. Remember, your chances of having a heart attack or stroke increase exponentially if you have more than one of the following risk factors:
- chronic diseases such as kidney disease, diabetes, or sleep apnea
Blood Pressure In Type 2 Diabetes Management
Blood pressure is the force that blood has against the walls of the arteries. When the heart beats, it pumps oxygenated blood through the arteries to reach every part of the body.
Blood pressure is reflected in two figures.
Systolic Pressure: is the figure that appears higher and occurs when the heart pumps blood.Diastolic Pressure: is the figure that has a lower number and occurs when the heart is resting between beats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury as follows: mmHg. Generally, the systolic pressure number comes before the diastolic pressure number and both are separated by a diagonal line. For example, 120/80. In this example 120 is the systolic pressure and 80 is the diastolic pressure.
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