Are There Different Types Of Diabetes
The most common ones are Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children. It is also called juvenile onset diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In this type, your pancreas does not make enough insulin and you have to take insulin injections for the rest of your life.
Type 2 diabetes, which is more common, usually occurs in people over 40 and is called adult-onset diabetes mellitus. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In Type 2, your pancreas makes insulin, but your body does not use it properly. The high blood sugar level often can be controlled by following a diet and/or taking medication, although some patients must take insulin. Type 2 diabetes is particularly prevalent among African Americans, American Indians, Latin Americans, and Asian Americans.
Renal Function In Diabetic Nephropathy
Go to: INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels. Type 2 diabetes mellitus has quickly become a global health problem due to rapidly increasing population growth, aging, urbanization and increasing prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. There is, therefore, an urgent need to prevent diabetes and its complications. Diabetes is the major cause of end-stage renal disease both in the U.S. and around the world and has enormous medical, social and economic consequences. Diabetes affects the kidney in stages. At the onset of diabetes, the kidney grows large and the glomerular filtration rate becomes disturbed. Most recent basic and clinical research has pointed toward sclerosis and kidney failure. The morbidity and mortality caused by diabetes mellitus can be reduced by regular screening, early detection, and appropriate treatment of chronic complications. Thus, this discussion will focus on development of kidney damage, the various markers available and approaches to development of future markers to enhance the detection of ESRD at the earliest possible stage.Continue reading > >
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What You Can Do If Your Creatinine Levels Are High
Diabetes experts dont know exactly why diabetes damages the kidneys, but we do know that high blood pressure, which affects many people with diabetes, contributes to kidney damage. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a type of medication called an ACE inhibitor. There is some evidence ACE inhibitors may slow down the progression of diabetic kidney disease.
The other way to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible is to keep your blood sugar under control. Follow your doctors advice about diet and exercise, and make sure you take your diabetes medicine as prescribed. You can’t undo permanent kidney damage, but with appropriate treatment you may be able to prevent further damage. If you do have kidney disease, there are medications and treatment options your provider can discuss with you to keep you and your kidneys working as well as possible.
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Low Muscle Mass Treatments
If an underlying medical condition isnt responsible for a reduction in muscle mass, medical treatment may not be necessary. But your doctor may recommend steps to increase your muscle mass and normalize your creatinine level.
Increasing your level of physical activity and doing strength training exercises a few days a week can increase muscle mass. Talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise program. You can try:
What Are Normal And High Levels
The creatinine levels that experts consider to be normal may vary among different hospitals and laboratories.
According to the British Medical Journal, the usual reference range for serum creatinine is 60110 micromoles per liter , or 0.71.2 milligrams per deciliter , for males and 4590 mcmol/l for females.
If creatinine is above these levels, doctors may consider it high.
However, their decision will depend on someones muscle mass and certain other factors, such as age, sex, and hydration levels.
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Why Hydration Is So Important
Staying hydrated is important for people with high creatinine levels due to kidney disease because it helps your kidneys filter out the excess creatinine in your blood, Dr. Rosa-Sanchez says.
“You want to drink pure water â not alkaline water, juice or drinks with electrolytes like Gatorade,” Dr. Ramin says. “People who work out more produce more creatinine so they need to hydrate more than others.”
If your urine is clear to light yellow, it means you’re well-hydrated. However, if your urine is dark yellow, it means you’re dehydrated, Dr. Ramin says.
Q Can Diabetic Medicine Cause Rise In Creatinine Level
Hello doctor, My aunt is 44 years old. Her reports are plasma glucose is 119 mg/dL, blood urea is 61 mg/dL and serum creatinine is 3.0 mg/dL. Doctor has told that, the medicine she has been taking for sugar is affecting her kidney. Please provide some advice. Thank you. Hello doctor, She has been taking medicine for blood sugar for 12 years and feels that, medicine has affected her kidney. Hence, she has started taking low dose insulin from yesterday. I have sent you more detailed report. Please guide.Continue reading > >
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What Are The Complications Associated With Gn
GN can lead to nephrotic syndrome, which causes you to lose large amounts of protein in your urine. This leads to a lot of fluid and salt retention in your body. You can develop high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and swelling throughout your body. Corticosteroids treat this condition. Eventually, nephrotic syndrome will lead to end-stage renal disease if it doesnt come under control.
The following conditions can also occur due to GN:
- acute kidney failure
Prediabetes What Does It Mean For Your Kidneys
Prediabetes describes the condition of someone who is on their way to developing diabetes. Before having diabetes, people usually have pre-diabetes. This is a new name for a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. A person with prediabetes cannot handle sugar as well as they should. Even though diabetes is not full blown, high sugar levels in prediabetes can be causing problems throughout the body. One of the main organs that can be damaged is the kidney.
People with prediabetes often have unrecognized chronic kidney disease , according to new research. In this large study, more than one third of the people with prediabetes were found to have two signs of kidney disease:
- protein in the urine . Albuminuria is not normal.
- reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate . This is a measure of how well the kidneys work the eGFR tells the stage of kidney disease.
In the people with prediabetes, the stage of chronic kidney disease was just as advanced as people with diabetes. Many people with either prediabetes or diabetes were found to have stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease. There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease. When the disease reaches stage 5, the person will need kidney replacement therapy, either transplantation or dialysis.
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What Are The Early Signs Of Kidney Disease In Patients With Diabetes
The earliest sign of diabetic kidney disease is increased excretion of albumin in the urine. This is present long before the usual tests done in your doctor’s office show evidence of kidney disease, so it is important for you to have this test on a yearly basis. Weight gain and ankle swelling may occur. You will use the bathroom more at night. Your blood pressure may get too high. As a person with diabetes, you should have your blood, urine, and blood pressure checked at least once a year. This will lead to better control of your disease and early treatment of high blood pressure and kidney disease. Maintaining control of your diabetes can lower your risk of developing severe kidney disease.
Total Iron Binding Capacity
Iron is transported in your blood bound to a protein called transferrin. Transferrin transports the iron in your body from the iron storage sites to where it is needed. It also transports the iron when not needed back to the storage sites. A low TIBC suggests malnutrition or iron excess. A high TIBC suggest iron deficiency.
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Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
You may not have visible symptoms in the early stages of kidney disease. This is why its so important to have the tests for kidney disease every year, as it can be spotted early and slowed down with treatment. If kidney disease progresses, you could notice symptoms like:
- swollen ankles, feet and hands
- blood in your pee
- feeling really tired
- being short of breath
You may be feeling like this because your kidneys are struggling to clear extra fluid and waste from your body. But these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so its important to talk to your doctor for more information and advice.
How To Diagnose Low Creatinine Levels
Your doctor can use multiple tests to check your creatinine level. One option is a serum creatinine test, which measures the amount of creatinine in your bloodstream. Another option is a creatinine urine test.
If your lab results confirm a low creatinine level, your doctor may suggest more testing to rule out a muscular disease. This may include a muscle biopsy or a muscle enzyme test to check for muscle damage.
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How Is Goodpasture Syndrome Diagnosed
Your doctor may use several tests to diagnose Goodpasture syndrome. They will start with a physical examination, checking for high blood pressure, bleeding, and abnormal heart and lung sounds, including an abdominal exam. Your doctor will also review your family and medical history. It isnt uncommon to have a heart murmur, abnormal lung sounds, or an enlarged liver due to this condition.
Other tests can help determine whether or not you have the disease. A blood test may show the presence of antibodies that indicate the presence of the disease. It can also show abnormal kidney function.
The presence of blood and protein in your urine can be detected through urine testing. These symptoms can also indicate kidney problems.
A chest X-ray or CT scan may show signs that indicate lung injury and bleeding in your lungs.
A kidney biopsy may reveal changes that indicate the presence of Goodpasture syndrome. During this test, a sample of tissue is taken from your kidney using an ultrasound as a guide, and sent to a lab for testing. Lab technicians will look for the presence of antibodies or other abnormal cells to help your doctor make a diagnosis.
How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Kidney Disease
There are lots of things you can do to reduce your risk of developing kidney disease:
- Keep your blood sugar levels within your target range
- Get support to stop smoking
- Eat healthily and keep active
- Go to all your medical appointments.
We have lots of information and support to help you have you tried our Learning Zone? Thousands of people with diabetes are using it to help them manage their diabetes. You can also download a copy of our Diabetes and kidney disease leaflet free of charge from our online shop.
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Normal Random Blood Glucose Range : 70
Age-wise ideal Random blood glucose level in blood:
|Age||Ideal Random blood glucose value|
|< 5 years|
*Ideal values are calculated based on our database of patient records
If you want your blood test report to be interpreted by Random blood glucose specialist, then you can upload your report. Our Random blood glucose expert will provide you with the most accurate interpretation of your blood test results and treatment within 12 hours. Upload blood test report now
Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes the higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening. Possible complications include:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Heart and blood vessel disease
If you want your blood test report to be interpreted by Random blood glucose specialist, you can upload your report. Our Random blood glucose expert will provide you with the most accurate interpretation of your blood test results and treatment within 12 hours. Upload blood test report now
Type 2 Diabetes Medication Gangrene Genitals
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Serum Creatinine As A Risk Factor For The Onset Of Ifg
The multivariate analysis was adjusted for previously reported risk factors for the onset of glucose intolerance and factors associated with chronic kidney disease. Model 1 suggested significantly positive associations between serum creatinine levels and the onset of IFG in both sexes . Model 2, which was adjusted for variables associated with metabolic disease and Model 3 which was adjusted for variables associated with lifestyle, also revealed significant associations between serum creatinine levels and the onset of IFG .
High Blood Sugar And Chronic Kidney Disease
Provided by DaVita® Dietitians
Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure in the United States. This metabolic disorder changes the way the body produces or uses insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate sugar in the blood.
When blood sugar levels get too high, the condition is called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a problem for people with diabetes, and it poses a significant health risk when you have chronic kidney disease . If your diabetes is not controlled, it can lead to increased loss of kidney function, cardiovascular disease, vision loss and other complications. Thats why it is vital for people with kidney disease and diabetes to learn the symptoms of high blood sugar and develop ways to prevent it.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia
If you have diabetes you are likely to have had experience with hyperglycemia. Being aware of any indicators that your blood sugar levels may be too high is an important step in controlling your blood sugar. Symptoms of hyperglycemia include the following:
Symptoms Of Kidney Failure
For people with diabetes, kidney problems are usually picked up during a check-up by their doctor. Occasionally, a person can have type 2 diabetes without knowing it. This means their unchecked high blood sugar levels may be slowly damaging their kidneys. At first, the only sign is high protein levels in the urine, but this has no symptoms. It may be years before the kidneys are damaged severely enough to cause symptoms. Some of the symptoms may include:
- Fluid retention
Symptoms And Causes Of Low Creatinine
The symptoms that go with low creatinine levels depend on the underlying condition. Low creatinine levels can be caused by:
- A muscle disease, such as muscular dystrophy. Symptoms of a muscle disease include muscle weakness, muscle stiffness and pain, and decreased mobility.
- A liver disease. Poor liver function interferes with creatine production, which can cause low creatinine. Symptoms include jaundice, abdominal pain and swelling, and pale, bloody, or tar-colored stools.
- Excess water loss. Pregnancy, excess water intake, and certain medications can cause this.
Since the breakdown of muscle tissue produces creatinine, low levels of this chemical waste often occur in people with low muscle mass. However, this doesnt always mean theres a serious medical problem.
A reduction in muscle mass is common in older individuals, as most people lose muscle mass as they age. Low muscle mass can also result from malnutrition, or from eating a low-meat or low-protein diet.
The causes of low creatinine differ from the causes of high creatinine. Creatinine levels also play a role in assessing kidney function. When creatinine begins to accumulate in the body, doctors have to run tests to check for kidney problems.
Possible causes of a higher creatinine level include:
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