According To National Data:
- 20002001 4.7% of the population
- 20172018 8.1% of the population
- 3.3% average annual increase in prevalence
- Footnote *
- Footnote **
Prevalence estimates are age-standardized to the 2011 Canadian population using five-year age groups and are based on non-rounded counts.
What Is The Life Expectancy When You Have Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, it is important to be aware of your life expectancy and what you can do to improve it. Diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus, is a serious disease that can lead to medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, and even death if not managed properly. The good news is that with proper treatment and management, most people with type 2 diabetes can live a long, healthy life. In this article, we will discuss the life expectancy for people with type 2 diabetes and what you can do to improve it.
When Should I Call My Doctor
Its important to monitor diabetes very closely if youre sick. Even a common cold can be dangerous if it interferes with your insulin and blood sugar levels. Make a sick day plan with your healthcare provider so you know how often to check your blood sugar and what medications to take.
Contact your provider right away if you experience:
- Confusion or memory loss.
- Nausea and vomiting for more than four hours.
- Problems with balance or coordination.
- Severe pain anywhere in your body.
- Trouble moving your arms or legs.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Type 2 diabetes is a disease where your body doesnt make enough insulin and cant use sugar the way it should. Sugar, or glucose, builds up in your blood. High blood sugar can lead to serious health complications. But Type 2 diabetes is manageable. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help you manage your blood sugar. You may also need medication or insulin. If you have Type 2 diabetes, you should monitor your blood sugar at home regularly and stay in close communication with your healthcare provider.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/25/2021.
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Age At Diagnosis Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
During the NHANES III sample period the mean age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 52.0 years . Whites had diabetes diagnosed at a significantly older age than blacks but not Hispanics . Using data from NHANES 19992000, the mean age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes decreased to 46.0 years . Age at diagnosis did not differ significantly by race/ethnicity in the more recent NHANES 19992000.
Why Are Young People Getting Type 2 Diabetes In Distressing Numbers
Anthony Anderson’s character, Dre Johnson , is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the ABC hit … show, black-ish. Tracie Ellis-Ross plays his wife.
If you keep eating cakes and cookies, youll get diabetes like me and your father. Rolling my bored, undergrad eyes, I clarified, Thats not how you get diabetes, Ma.
Twenty years later, my mother no longer believes that sugary foods are the culprit behind the chronic, systemic disease. Another common misconception – based on prior reality – is that type 2 diabetes affects only older adults, a.k.a. adult-onset diabetes. Not the case, nor has it been for a while now. In fact, a recent study in the U.K. reveals that 1 in 8 new cases of type 2 diabetes is occurring in 18-40 year-old adults vs. 1 in 10 back in 2000.
Art is also imitating life as far as the blood sugar disease goes. Diagnosed at age 32, Emmy-nominated Anthony Anderson is a passionate advocate for diabetes awareness, education and treatment. And in a December 2017 episode, Sugar Daddy, the actor used one of his biggest platforms – his hit television show, blackish – to feature his character, Dre Johnson, with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
Another study this year in Medscape Medical News reported that teenagers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes had alarmingly high rates of diabetes-related complications by their mid-20s.
A patient undergoes dialysis. Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure.
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When To Talk To Your Healthcare Provider
If you have certain risk factors, like excess belly fat or a sedentary lifestyle, you may want to work with your healthcare provider to assess your diabetes risk.
Type 2 diabetes is a manageable condition, but early detection and treatment under the care of a trusted medical professional are key. With the help of a diabetes care team, you can formulate a plan with reachable goals and figure out the best course of action moving forward.
How Is Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed
Your health care provider will use blood tests to diagnose type 2 diabetes. The blood tests include:
- A1C test, which measures your average blood sugar level over the past 3 months
- Fasting plasma glucose test, which measures your current blood sugar level. You need to fast for at least 8 hours before the test.
- Random plasma glucose test, which measures your current blood sugar level. This test is used when you have diabetes symptoms and the provider does not want to wait for you to fast before having the test.
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Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This means glucose stays in the blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy.
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and tends to be diagnosed in older people. Due to increased obesity, type 2 diabetes is now being seen in young people and all ages. It’s far more common than type 1 diabetes.
Read about the causes and risk factors for type 2 diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Speeds Aging In The Brain
TUESDAY, May 31, 2022 — Type 2 diabetes is linked to memory and thinking problems, and a new study suggests it’s because the disease makes the brain age faster.
Looking at data from 20,000 middle-aged and older adults, researchers found that — consistent with past studies — people with type 2 diabetes generally did worse on tests of memory and thinking skills than those without diabetes.
Beyond that, MRI scans revealed differences in brain regions related to those skills: People with diabetes had more tissue shrinkage — akin to a 26% acceleration in normal brain aging.
It’s well-known that brain tissue gradually shrinks as we age, with certain areas withering more and faster than others.
The new findings show that people with diabetes have atrophy in the same brain areas as other people their age, said senior researcher Lilianne Mujica-Parodi. But that aging effect happens faster.
“It’s like losing 10 years,” said Mujica-Parodi, a professor at Stony Brook University School of Medicine in New York.
The findings — published May 24 in the medical journal eLife — add to a body of research on diabetes and brain health. That includes many studies linking diabetes to a faster decline in mental sharpness during older age, and a higher risk of dementia.
But the diabetes-brain connection goes beyond that, according to Mujica-Parodi. The brain is a “huge consumer” of glucose, she said, and if brain cells cannot use insulin, they are in trouble.
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Type 1 Diabetes In Children
What is type 1 diabetes?Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes an unhealthy amount of a simple sugar to build up in a person’s blood. Someone with type 1 diabetes can’t produce enough insulin, a hormone that moves glucose from the bloodstream into cells throughout the body, where it supplies energy and fuels growth.Normally, a child’s immune system protects her body from diseases by destroying unhealthy cells and germs. But when a child has type 1 diabetes, her body also mistakenly attacks the healthy insulin-producing cells of the pancreas . Without these cells, her pancreas produces very little or no insulin, which leads to an abnormally high amount of sugar in her blood.Without proper care, type 1 diabetes can cause serious, wide-ranging health problems that can damage organs throughout the body over the long-term.If your child has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, it’s understandable that you might worry. But diabetes can be kept under control by carefully monitoring your child’s blood sugar and following her treatment plan. A team of doctors, nurses, and nutritionists can help your child be as healthy as possible and teach her to manage the condition so she stays that way.What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children?Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:Extreme thirstPeeing more than usual Extreme hungerIf your child ha Continuereading
Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed
Type 2 diabetes can be a life-long, chronic disease in which the body either does not produce enough insulin or the cells in out body doesnt respond to insulin correctly. Because of these two problems, there isnt enough insulin to move the glucose from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the bodys cells cant function properly.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in people who are over the age of 40, overweight, or have a family history in diabetes. Certain ethnic and racial groups also have higher risk for type 2 diabetes, including black, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American and Pacific Islander. However, over the past decade the incidence of type2 diabetes has been increasing in adolescents and the young adult population.
According to recent research, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but individuals can have glucose levels that return to non-diabetes range, or pre-diabetes glucose level The primary means by which people with type 2 diabetes achieve remission is by losing significant amounts of weight.
We talk of remission and not a cure because it isnt permanent. The beta cells have been damaged and the underlying genetic factors contributing to the persons susceptibility to diabetes remain intact. Over time the disease process reasserts itself and continued destruction of the beta cells ensues. An environmental insult such as weight gain can bring back the symptomatic glucose intolerance.
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About Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is usually a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood glucose level to become too high.
The hormone insulin produced by the pancreas is responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the blood
There are two main types of diabetes:
- type 1 where the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin
- type 2 where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin
This topic is about type 2 diabetes.
Read more about type 1 diabetes
Another type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, occurs in some pregnant women and tends to disappear after birth.
What Should A Type 2 Diabetes Meal Plan Include
Ask your healthcare provider or a nutritionist to recommend a meal plan thats right for you. In general, a Type 2 diabetes meal plans should include:
- Lean proteins: Proteins low in saturated fats include chicken, eggs and seafood. Plant-based proteins include tofu, nuts and beans.
- Minimally processed carbohydrates: Refined carbs like white bread, pasta and potatoes can cause your blood sugar to increase quickly. Choose carbs that cause a more gradual blood sugar increase such as whole grains like oatmeal, brown rice and whole-grain pasta.
- No added salt: Too much sodium, or salt, can increase your blood pressure. Lower your sodium by avoiding processed foods like those that come in cans or packages. Choose salt-free spices and use healthy oils instead of salad dressing.
- No added sugars: Avoid sugary foods and drinks, such as pies, cakes and soda. Choose water or unsweetened tea to drink.
- Non-starchy vegetables: These vegetables are lower in carbohydrates, so they dont cause blood sugar spikes. Examples include broccoli, carrots and cauliflower.
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How Is Type 2 Diabetes Managed
Theres no cure for Type 2 diabetes. But you can manage the condition by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and taking medication if needed. Work with your healthcare provider to manage your:
- Blood sugar: A blood glucose meter or continuous glucose monitoring can help you meet your blood sugar target. Your healthcare provider may also recommend regular A1c tests, oral medications , insulin therapy or injectable non-insulin diabetes medications.
- Blood pressure: Lower your blood pressure by not smoking, exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet. Your healthcare provider may recommend blood pressure medication such as beta blockers or ACE inhibitors.
- Cholesterol: Follow a meal plan low in saturated fats, trans fat, salt and sugar. Your healthcare provider may recommend statins, which are a type of drug to lower cholesterol.
Managing Type 2 Diabetes
Many people with type 2 diabetes can manage their blood glucose levels with diet and exercise alone. Others may need diabetes pills or insulin injections, along with medicines to manage other conditions like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Over time, a person with diabetes may need both lifestyle changes and medication.
Once youve been told you have diabetes, a health care team will work with you to create a diabetes management plan. Your plan will be based on your lifestyle, preferences, health goals, and other health conditions you have.
As part of your plan, your doctor may prescribe one or more medications. Other health care professionals may also be involved. For example, a diabetes educator may help you understand diabetes and provide support as you make lifestyle changes to manage your diabetes. A dietitian may help with meal planning. An exercise coach may help you become more physically active.
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Key Messages For People With Children And Adolescents With Diabetes
- There is plenty you can do to help manage or prevent type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Encourage your child or adolescent to eat healthy foods, limit sweet drinks , get plenty of physical activity, get a good night’s sleep and keep time spent on screens low.
- Many children with type 2 diabetes will also require oral glucose-lowering medication and/or insulin for treatment.
Note: Unless otherwise specified, the term child is used for individuals 0 to 18 years of age, and the term adolescent for those 13 to 18 years of age.
Type 2 Diabetes And Life Expectancy
Diabetes can have serious health implications that affect life expectancy. The impact depends on various factors, such as how soon a person receives a diagnosis and treatment, and how well they and their healthcare team manage the condition.
Other influential factors include the severity and progression of symptoms, any complications, and how the body responds to treatment.
When they get a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, many people ask how it will affect the length of their life. Diabetes is complex, with many variables and possible complications, and each person is different. It is hard to know how the condition will affect an individuals life expectancy.
However, it appears likely that, with an early diagnosis and effective management, many people can expect to live as long as those without diabetes and to have a good quality of life.
This article will look at the factors that influence a person with type 2 diabetes life expectancy and how to maximize it.
Type 2 diabetes is a complex condition with many variables. At the time of diagnosis, the doctor will not be able to tell how the condition will affect a persons life expectancy.
A 2010 report from the United Kingdom estimated that type 2 diabetes reduced life expectancy by up to 10 years, while type 1 diabetes reduced it by at least 20 years, on average.
In 2015, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine concluded that the following could reduce the risk of death linked to type 2 diabetes:
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Who Is At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes
You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you:
- Are over age 45. Children, teenagers, and younger adults can get type 2 diabetes, but it is more common in middle-aged and older people.
- Have prediabetes, which means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes
- Had diabetes in pregnancy or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more.
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Are overweight or have obesity
- Are Black or African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander
- Are not physically active
- Have low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides
- Have acanthosis nigricans – dark, thick, and velvety skin around your neck or armpits
Burden Of Diabetes Has Shifted Earlier In The Lifespan
Preventive measures such as nutrition counseling, weight-loss and physical-activity programs and the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Diabetes Prevention Program can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. The study findings suggest that greater prevention efforts are needed at younger ages in underserved communities to help narrow the gap in age at diabetes diagnosis, said first study author Michael Wang.
Sixteen percent of non-Hispanic Black and 21% of Mexican American adults with diabetes reported a diagnosis before 35 years old in our study, which suggests that reaching young adults in these groups for preventive care is needed to address a critical period when diabetes is developing, said Wang, a fourth-year medical student at Feinberg.
The findings also highlight the need to recognize and address how social determinants of health the economic and social conditions that influence individual and group differences in health status lead to increased risk among minority populations and reflect an underlying health inequity, the study authors said.
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