Age Differences Found In The Onset Of Eye Problems
The researchers also reported age differences in the onset of eye problems, with the type 1 participants tending to develop them in their teenage years and the type 2 participants more likely to develop them in their early 20s. Due to this finding, the researchers wrote, This suggests that the natural history of retinopathy development among youth diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes may differ from that in youth diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, where patients with may be more susceptible to developing retinopathy than those with despite controlling for diabetes disease duration. It also turned out that it took a few years for eye problems to emerge: the chances of developing conditions worrisome enough to endanger vision in the first five years after diagnosis were zero in both the type 1 and type 2 groups.
Can You Control Your Diabetes With Diet And Exercise
Yes, you definitely can. Diet plan and exercise not just help manage your weight, however they likewise help manage your blood sugar level. Exercise assists increase your metabolism and assist you burn more energy. These two aspects integrate to offer you more endurance and increased capability to control your diabetes.
Differences Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is generally seen as a genetic condition called juvenile-onset diabetes, while type 2 diabetes is believed to develop over time. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes show up faster as compared to type 2 diabetes. It is more of a lifestyle-related disease.
However, it needs to be noted that both are just as serious as the other. They are each capable of causing severe health complications.
Hence, early diagnosis and suitable treatment for the blood sugar level must be undertaken.
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Engage In More Physical Activities
Regular physical activity has many health benefits, including losing weight, boosting insulin sensitivity, and lowering blood sugar.
There are different types of physical activity to practice:
Aerobic exercise: Engage in moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise for 30 minutes daily. You can try swimming, running, biking, or brisk walking.
Resistance exercise: Engage in resistance exercise two to three times every week. These activities include weightlifting and yoga.
Limit your inactivity: Break your long bouts of inactivity, like sitting at your computer, to control your blood sugars. Take a few minutes to walk around or do light activities for at least 30 minutes.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
First line treatment for type 2 diabetes typically includes a combination of diet modification with regular and appropriate exercise.
The NICE guidelines state that treatment for type 2 diabetes should take into account an individuals needs and preferences into account. People with diabetes should be given the opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and work together with healthcare professionals.
The NICE guidelines encourage having high-fibre, low-glycemic-index carbohydrate in the diet. This allows a good amount of flexibility and it is possible to follow a range of diets, including lower-carb and low-calorie, whilst ensuring you get a good source of low-GI foods such as vegetables, beans and pulses.
Your health team should help you with setting recommendations for carbohydrate and alcohol intake that work for you.
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What Are The Complications Of Diabetes
“Whether it’s type 1 or type 2,” Drinsic says, “the big picture for diabetes is all about preventing complications,” which are mostly related to nerve and blood vessel damage. For example, if you have either type of diabetes, you have twice the risk of heart attack or heart disease as compared with someone without the disease. Other complications include eye problems, kidney disease, foot infections, skin infections, stroke, high blood pressure, cognitive decline, and high cholesterol.
What Is Diabetes Mellitus
When you eat a carbohydrate, your body turns it into a sugar called glucose and sends that to your bloodstream. Your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that helps move glucose from your blood into your cells, which use it for energy.
When you have diabetes and donât get treatment, your body doesnât use insulin like it should. Too much glucose stays in your blood, a condition usually called high blood sugar. This can cause health problems that may be serious or even life-threatening.
Thereâs no cure for diabetes. But with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can live a long, healthy life.
Diabetes comes in different forms, depending on the cause.
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What Is Type 1 Diabetes
There is no specific test for this kind of diabetes. Diabetes of type 1 can result in deadly organ failure, urinary tract infections, loss of sight, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and kidney illness. It can even trigger heart and eye problems, nerve damage, and amputation of extremities. If you have actually been detected with type 1 diabetes, you ought to talk with your physician about ways to treat your signs and avoid additional health issue. which type of diabetes is worse
Is Diabetes Contagious? Which Type Of Diabetes Is Worse
No. The blood sugar levels that arise from having diabetes are not the like the levels of blood glucose levels that arise from eating a healthy diet plan and working out routinely. Dont stress. Having diabetes does not suggest that you will always pass it on to your household.
Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed
Type 2 diabetes can be a life-long, chronic disease in which the body either does not produce enough insulin or the cells in out body doesnt respond to insulin correctly. Because of these two problems, there isnt enough insulin to move the glucose from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the bodys cells cant function properly.
Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in people who are over the age of 40, overweight, or have a family history in diabetes. Certain ethnic and racial groups also have higher risk for type 2 diabetes, including black, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American and Pacific Islander. However, over the past decade the incidence of type2 diabetes has been increasing in adolescents and the young adult population.
According to recent research, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but individuals can have glucose levels that return to non-diabetes range, or pre-diabetes glucose level The primary means by which people with type 2 diabetes achieve remission is by losing significant amounts of weight.
We talk of remission and not a cure because it isnt permanent. The beta cells have been damaged and the underlying genetic factors contributing to the persons susceptibility to diabetes remain intact. Over time the disease process reasserts itself and continued destruction of the beta cells ensues. An environmental insult such as weight gain can bring back the symptomatic glucose intolerance.
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Why Are These The Symptoms
That might sound like an absurd question, but it is not. Each symptom of diabetes has an explanation for its occurrence.
Since less energy is produced in the body, one feels tired. This condition leads to fatigue and weakness. Frequent urination leads to draining good salts and glucose from the body.
Since excess glucose and fluids are excreted in the urine, the body gets short of energy. This leads to the feeling of dehydration. Eventually, you feel thirsty. Diabetic people are bound to feel a dry mouth. High blood sugar leads to itching of the skin.
Type 2 Symptoms And Causes
Type 2 diabetes is chronic when the body doesnt produce enough insulin. It can also occur when the body is unable to use insulin properly. When blood sugar levels are high, it can damage the bodys organs and lead to serious health problems.
Moreover, Type 2 diabetes is the most common type and usually develops in adulthood. However, it is also becoming more common in children and adolescents due to obesity and poor diet.
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For Both Type 1 And Type 2 Its All About Blood Sugar
Diabetes, regardless of whether its Type 1 or Type 2, is a metabolic disease in which a person develops high blood sugar due to problems related to the production and/or use of the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is necessary for the bodys cells to be able to absorb glucose from the blood and use it to create energy.
When the body is unable to process blood sugar, it remains in the bloodstream and gradually increases until it reaches levels that are above normal. This increase in blood sugar is what leads to either a Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes diagnosis. Though a rise in blood sugar is what leads to a diagnosis in both cases, why and how this happens is what distinguishes the two types of the disease.
How Are Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Treated
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin, so they must take regular injections. Testing your blood sugar is essential for managing type 1 diabetes because levels can rise and fall rapidly.
Although many people need additional support, type 2 diabetes can be controlled and even reversed with diet and exercise alone. If lifestyle changes arent enough, your doctor may prescribe medications that help your body use insulin more effectively.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels is the best way to know if you are reaching your goal. If your blood sugar levels are high, your doctor may recommend insulin injections.
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Type 2 Diabetes And Complications
Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes carries the risk of diabetes complications over time.
The most common complications of type 2 diabetes include:
In fact, by the time they are diagnosed, 50% of people with type 2 diabetes show early signs of these health conditions.
The list of complications, which also includes depression and sexual dysfunction, is not pleasant but their risks can be reduced through good diabetes control and attending all diabetic screening appointments.
As with many chronic diseases, early diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is beneficial for treatment. Before type 2 diabetes develops, most patients exhibit pre-diabetic symptoms, and if treatment commences at this stage, diabetes of this type can be preventable.
- Almost 1 in 3 people with type 2 diabetes develops overt kidney disease
- Within 20 years of diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, 60% of people diagnosed have some degree of retinopathy
How Is Diabetes Diagnosed
If a person reports the symptoms of diabetes, a blood sugar test is done to determine the presence of diabetes. It is diagnosed by checking the glucose levels in a blood test.
There are three ways to check this: a random glucose test, an A1c test, and a fasting glucose test. These tests can also identify the type of Diabetes one has- type 1 or 2.
Another method to check for diabetes is through a urine test. This was earlier used to diagnose diabetes but is not as accurate as a blood test.
The most common method is a fasting blood sugar test. It is normal if the blood sugar level is below 100 mg/dL. However, a reading of 100 mg/dL to 125 mg/dL is considered prediabetic. If it is 126 mg/dL or higher in two consecutive tests, that confirms the presence of diabetes in the individual.
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Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
This test is usually considered during pregnancy. You might need to fast overnight and drink a sugary liquid at your physician’s office. Your doctor will then test your blood sugar levels in the next two hours. They will interpret the results as follows:
A reading of less than 140 mg/dL shows that your blood sugar level is normal
A reading ranging from 140 to 199 mg/dL confirms that you have prediabetes
A reading of 200 mg/dL or higher after two hours suggests that you have diabetes
When To Contact A Medical Professional
- Chest pain or pressure, shortness of breath, or other signs of angina
- Loss of consciousness
- Sores or infections on your feet
- Frequent feelings of depression or anxiety
- Symptoms that your blood sugar is getting too low
- Symptoms that your blood sugar is too high
- Blood sugar readings that are below 70 mg/dL
You can treat early signs of hypoglycemia at home by drinking orange juice, eating sugar or candy, or by taking glucose tablets. If signs of hypoglycemia continue or your blood glucose level stays below 60 mg/dL , go to the emergency room.
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Will I Need Medication Or Insulin For Type 2 Diabetes
Some people take medication to manage diabetes, along with diet and exercise. Your healthcare provider may recommend oral diabetes medications. These are pills or liquids that you take by mouth. For example, a medicine called metformin helps control the amount of glucose your liver produces.
You can also take insulin to help your body use sugar more efficiently. Insulin comes in the following forms:
- Injectable insulin is a shot you give yourself. Most people inject insulin into a fleshy part of their body such as their belly. Injectable insulin is available in a vial or an insulin pen.
- Inhaled insulin is inhaled through your mouth. It is only available in a rapid-acting form.
- Insulin pumps deliver insulin continuously, similar to how a healthy pancreas would. Pumps release insulin into your body through a tiny cannula . Pumps connect to a computerized device that lets you control the dose and frequency of insulin.
Type 1 Or Type 2 Which Diabetes Is The Worst
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes that can be cured with a little bit of effort. The condition affects around 90-95% of people all over the world.
Diabetes and its types
Diabetes is a major cause of kidney failure, blindness, stroke, and heart attack. A patient who has diabetes have high levels of sugar in the blood. This high level of glucose cannot be properly used by the body. The pancreas of diabetes patients doesnt produce enough insulin (hormones produced by the pancreas and allow sugar to enter into the body cells, where it is utilized as energy. Diabetes is increasingly becoming more common nowadays, as the number of people increased by 48% between 1980 to 1994 and it has been found that all the new cases are of Type 2 diabetes.
Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
Many people ignore what type of diabetes dose they have. While many dont know that there are some differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Both the type of diabetes is known to raise the level of blood glucose levels. During diabetes, it is expected to have higher than normal blood glucose levels. Both forms cannot be cured, but the symptoms of Type 2 can be reversed if diagnosed in the early stages. Checking the symptoms of the specific form of diabetes can help you get better treatment and quick recovery.
Which type of diabetes is worse?
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Financial Support And Benefits
Some people with diabetes may be eligible for disability and incapacity benefits, depending on the impact the condition has on their lives.
The main groups likely to qualify for welfare benefits are children, the elderly, and those with learning disabilities, mental health difficulties or diabetes complications.
People over the age of 65 who are severely disabled may qualify for a type of disability benefit called Attendance Allowance.
Carers may also be entitled to some benefits, depending on their involvement in caring for the person with diabetes.
Your local Citizens Advice can check whether you’re getting all the benefits you’re entitled to. Your diabetes specialist nurse and Citizens Advice can also provide advice about filling in the forms.
What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Ketones are produced when you are taking diabetes medication or insulin and can be hazardous. Theyre produced due to the inadequate supply of glucose in your body and the extra energy required to do typical bodily functions. For example, ketones can be produced when your liver processes fat, or they can be produced in the lack of ketones if youre trying to reduce weight.
Is Diabetes Brought On By a Poor Diet Plan and Lack of Workout?
Diabetes is normally caused by a poor diet and lack of exercise. Individuals who are overweight or obese, and who do not exercise routinely, are at an especially high threat for diabetes. Scientists have likewise discovered that people who have diabetes but eat a healthy diet plan and get routine exercise have a much lower possibility of establishing diabetes after years of following easy blood glucose levels test.
Can I Prevent Diabetes Without Taking Medications?
While medications can assist manage blood glucose levels and lower the dangers of heart problem and stroke, they can not avoid type 1 diabetes from developing in the first place. Medications can slow down the development of the disease but can not stop it once it has actually developed. If you think that you may be predisposed to establishing diabetes, speak with your physician about beginning a basic blood sugar levels test so you can discover what kind of diabetes you have actually and start on a healthy lifestyle right away.
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