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What Is Diabetes And How Do You Get It

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You Can Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

How Do You Get Diabetes?

Before developing type 2 diabetes, most people have prediabetes, where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. People who have prediabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

If you have prediabetes, losing a small amount of weight if youre overweight and getting regular physical activity can lower your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. A lifestyle change program offered through the CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program can help you make those changesand make them stick. Through the program, you can lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by as much as 58% .

Take the 1-minute test to see if you may be at risk of prediabetes.

Glucose Tolerance Test Results

Itâs worth knowing that approximately 66 percent of pregnant women who take the glucose tolerance test end up not being diagnosed with gestational diabetes. So, just because your provider has ordered a glucose tolerance test during your pregnancy doesnât automatically mean you have gestational diabetes.So, what do the results of the glucose tolerance test indicate? Four blood samples are drawn during a glucose tolerance test. If just one of the four results is higher than normal, your provider may recommend that you make subtle changes to your current pregnancy diet. The provider may have you take another glucose tolerance test after youâve made those changes to check if the results have improved.If more than one of the results is higher than normal, your provider may determine that you have gestational diabetes. The following figures indicate higher than normal blood sugar levels:

  • Fasting blood sample: Higher than 95 mg/dL

  • 1-hour blood sample: Higher than 180 mg/dL

  • 2-hour blood sample: Higher than 155 mg/dL

  • 3-hour blood sample: Higher than 140 mg/dL .

If itâs determined that you have gestational diabetes, your healthcare provider can help guide you in making changes to help manage it. Eating a healthy diet, exercising during your pregnancy, and taking medication prescribed by your provider have been shown to help control blood sugar and to help keep you and your baby healthy.

What Is The Gestational Diabetes Glucose Test

Now that we know the background of GDM, lets dig deeper into what happens during a gestational diabetes glucose test . The type of o-GTT you have is largely dependent on where you live, as different countries have different preferences. Ask your health care provider for more information on the test youll get.

Youll be glad to know that neither test is particularly invasive. Regardless of whether you have the one step or the two step gestational diabetes test, your blood sample will usually be taken from a vein, or occasionally from the fingertips.

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No Matter Where You Are In Your Fight Heres Where You Need To Be

Whether youve been newly diagnosed, have been fighting against type 1 or type 2 diabetes for a while, or are helping a loved one, youve come to the right place. This is the start of gaining a deeper understanding of how you can live a healthier lifewith all the tools, health tips, and food ideas you need. Wherever youre at with your diabetes, know that you have options and that you dont have to be held back. You can still live your best life. All you have to do is take action and stick with it.

New to diabetes? Learn how diabetes is diagnosed.

Genes And Family History

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

As in type 1 diabetes, certain genes may make you more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The disease tends to run in families and occurs more often in these racial/ethnic groups:

  • African Americans
  • Native Hawaiians
  • Pacific Islanders

Genes also can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes by increasing a persons tendency to become overweight or have obesity.

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How To Get Blood Sugar Down During Pregnancy

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How Do I Pass The Glucose Tolerance Test In Pregnancy

In many countries, its recommended you pay specific attention to your diet in the three days prior to your GTT, and make sure you have a balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in each meal.

Here are some great examples of healthy, balanced breakfast ideas to help keep blood glucose levels stable.

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What Is Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition when blood glucose is too high. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic illness in which the pancreas does not produce insulin. It can be much more severe than type 2 diabetes, in which the pancreas does make some insulin but not enough.

Type 1 diabetes usually begins in childhood or adolescence, but it can show up at any age. It is a relatively rare condition, with fewer than 200,000 cases diagnosed each year in the United States. Only 5% to 10% of people with the disease have type 1 diabetes.

Questions To Ask Your Doctor

Type 1 Diabetes: What You Need to Know
  • How did I get diabetes?
  • If I have diabetes, will my children develop it, too?
  • Will I need to take insulin?
  • If I dont have a family history of diabetes, can I still get it?
  • Can your diabetes get worse even if you do everything right?
  • Can I prevent gestational diabetes?
  • If I had gestational diabetes while pregnant, will I get type 2 diabetes later?
  • Will the babies of a mom with gestational diabetes develop diabetes?
  • How can I tell the difference between Charcot foot and gout in my foot?

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Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

The treatment of type 2 diabetes starts with modifications to diet and lifestyle. Having a healthy, low fat and low cholesterol diet coupled with regular exercise can often help with type 2 diabetes. In some cases, oral medications are necessary to stimulate insulin production in the pancreas. About 45% of type 2 diabetics fail to get the correct amount of glycemic control due to poor medication adherence. No matter which medication youre prescribed, its important to take an active role with insulin prescriptions or other pharmaceuticals that protect your well-being.

How Often Do I Need To See My Primary Diabetes Healthcare Professional

In general, if you are being treated with insulin shots, you should see your doctor at least every three to four months. If you are treated with pills or are managing diabetes through diet, you should be seen at least every four to six months. More frequent visits may be needed if your blood sugar is not controlled or if complications of diabetes are worsening.

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Can Diabetes Cause Hearing Loss

Scientists dont have firm answers yet but there appears to be a correlation between hearing loss and diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, a recent study found that hearing loss was twice as common in people with diabetes versus those who didnt have diabetes. Also, the rate of hearing loss in people with prediabetes was 30% higher compared with those who had normal blood glucose levels. Scientists think diabetes damages the blood vessels in the inner ear, but more research is needed.

The Third Thing You Need To Do Is To Try And Get Adequate Sleep For The Majority Of Your Pregnancy

Signs that You Are Not Managing Diabetes Properly

I love sleep :).

It is so important for so many things. Including your sugar levels.

Let me explain a little further.

Sleep deprivation is a highly stressful situation for your body.

High stress = high epinephrine and high cortisol levels.

These hormones can increase insulin resistance and increase the available amount of sugar in your blood.

In other words, a lack of sleep can impact how your body metabolizes sugar.

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How Custom Difficulties Work In Phasmophobia

Prepare to take on difficult challenges in Phasmophobia.

Screenshot by Gamepur

Custom difficulties in Phasmophobia give you a chance with your friends to take on some of the toughest challenges available and encounter some of the toughest ghosts. You have the freedom to pick and choose what type of obstacles await you and what youre going to be dealing with for every ghost hunt. The choice is up to you, but you want to make sure you pick the right options and know what they mean. This guide covers how custom difficulties work in Phasmophobia.

Oral Type 2 Diabetes Medications Time To Peak

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Who Is More Likely To Develop Type 2 Diabetes

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight. Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also affect your chance of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Complementary And Integrative Health Approaches

VA Benefits for Diabetes! | What You Need to Know

Apart from these conventional medication treatment options, effective diabetes management means taking a well-rounded approach: Youll need to eat well, exercise, manage stress, and sleep enough, because all these factors can affect your blood sugar levels.

Certain complementary approaches may help support your conventional diabetes care, including certain botanical therapies, supplements, traditional Chinese medicine, mind-body therapies, and special diets like keto, research shows.

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What Insulin Medications Are Approved To Treat Diabetes

There are many types of insulins for diabetes. If you need insulin, you healthcare team will discuss the different types and if they are to be combined with oral medications. To follow is a brief review of insulin types.

  • Rapid-acting insulins: These insulins are taken 15 minutes before meals, they peak at one hour and work for another two to four hours. Examples include insulin glulisine , insulin lispro and insulin aspart .
  • Short-acting insulins: These insulins take about 30 minutes to reach your bloodstream, reach their peak effects in two to three hours and last for three to six hours. An example is insulin regular .
  • Intermediate-acting insulins: These insulins reach your bloodstream in two to four hours, peak in four to 12 hours and work for up to 18 hours. An example in NPH.
  • Long-acting insulins: These insulins work to keep your blood sugar stable all day. Usually, these insulins last for about 18 hours. Examples include insulin glargine , insulin detemir and insulin degludec .

There are insulins that are a combination of different insulins. There are also insulins that are combined with a GLP-1 receptor agonist medication .

Financial Support And Benefits

Some people with diabetes may be eligible to receive disability benefits and incapacity benefits, depending on the impact the condition has on their life.

The main groups likely to qualify for welfare benefits are children, elderly people, people with learning disabilities or mental health problems, and those with complications of diabetes.

People over 65 who are severely disabled, may qualify for a type of disability benefit called Attendance Allowance.

Carers may also be entitled to some benefit too, depending on their involvement in caring for the person with diabetes.

Staff at your local Citizens Advice Bureau can check whether you’re getting all of the benefits you’re entitled to. Both they and your diabetes specialist nurse should also be able to give you advice about filling in the forms.

GOV.uk has more information about benefits, and the Diabetes UK website has further advice about the Disability Living Allowance .

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Tests For Type 1 Diabetes

If you and your doctor are concerned about the possibility of diabetes, diagnosis may include several tests. The following diagnostic tests that can reveal the presence of type 1 diabetes:

Glycated hemoglobin test

This test measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells . The higher the blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin with sugar attached. A level of 6.5% or higher of A1C on two separate tests reveals the presence of diabetes.

Random blood sugar test

Blood samples are taken at random times, and the presence of type 1 diabetes may be confirmed after repeat testing. Blood sugar is measured in milligrams per deciliter or millimoles per liter . If a random blood sugar test reveals a level of 200 mg/dL or higher, the presence of diabetes is confirmed, especially when diabetic symptoms are already present.

Fasting blood sugar test

In this test, your doctor will take a blood sample after you had an overnight fast. A normal fasting blood sugar level of less than 100 mg/dL is considered normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL is considered to be prediabetes. A level of 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate tests confirms diabetes.

If your doctor is uncertain of the diagnosis being type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, theyll likely do more blood tests. The presence of autoantibodies or ketones in the urine will point to type 1 diabetes rather than type 2.

How Do I Check My Blood Glucose Level Why Is This Important

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Checking your blood glucose level is important because the results help guide decisions about what to eat, your physical activity and any needed medication and insulin adjustments or additions.

The most common way to check your blood glucose level is with a blood glucose meter. With this test, you prick the side of your finger, apply the drop of blood to a test strip, insert the strip into the meter and the meter will show your glucose level at that moment in time. Your healthcare provider will tell you how often youll need to check your glucose level.

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What Are My Chances Of Getting The Flu If I Have Heart Disease

While there isnt an agreed-upon statistic that indicates exactly how many people with heart disease get the flu each year, researchers can make some best guesses.

We estimate that 125 million people or so have diagnosable cardiovascular disease in this country, says Eduardo Sanchez, MD, chief medical officer for prevention for the American Heart Association. The same percentage that gets the flu in general affects those with cardiovascular disease to at least that level of percentage.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , that could be between 3 and 11.3 percent of the U.S. population, with a median chance of 8.3 percent of the population being affected. For those with heart disease, median odds mean that 10.4 million people could contract the flu.

What Is Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It happens when your body is not able to produce enough insulin to keep the amount of glucose in your blood at proper levels. Untreated GD increases the likelihood of having a large baby, and is associated with birth complications as well as health risks for the newborn . Untreated GD also increases the risk of stillbirth late in pregnancy . Women who develop GD are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. However, there is excellent treatment for GD, and most women diagnosed with GD have normal deliveries and healthy babies.

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