Timing Of Meals And Snacks
Both Wentz and Clark emphasize the importance of timing meals and snacks for fueling your workouts.
Before a workout: If it has been more than 34 hours since your last meal, consider eating a small snack 3060 minutes before working out. Clark suggests a 100300 calorie snack that contains carbohydrate and a small amount of protein and is easily digested. Good pre-workout snacks include an apple with 2 tablespoons of peanut butter, 4 to 5 whole grain crackers with 1 ounce of cheese, or 1/4 cup of granola with low-fat Greek yogurt.
After a workout: Do you need a recovery snack or meal? The answer depends on the intensity, duration, and timing of the next workout. Said Wentz, Recovery nutrition is especially important if athletes completed endurance exercise for longer than one hour, engaged in intense resistance training, or have a second workout scheduled for the day. Otherwise, recovery nutrition can be paired with a meal to maximize exercise recovery while maintain weight and blood glucose. She suggests eating foods with a moderate amount of protein and carbohydrates. Her top three favorite recovery options are Greek yogurt with berries, oatmeal with walnuts and raisins, and half a bagel or two slices of whole grain toast with two eggs and one slice of cheese.
As Bo Jackson once said, Set your goals high, and dont stop until you get there.
When Your Blood Sugar Is High
Blood sugar can also run high during or after exercise, particularly when you do a high-intensity exercise that increases your stress hormone levels.
- If your blood sugar is high before starting exercise, check your blood or urine for ketones. If you test positive for ketones, avoid vigorous activity.
- If you do not have ketones in your blood or urine and you feel well, it should be fine to exercise.
Key Ingredients For Diabetes Control: Diet And Exercise
Paul credits his success to two simple things:
â¢ First, he eliminated all processed and refined foods from his diet and focused mostly on foods with a low glycemic index of 55 or less. His meals generally include leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli, Swiss chard, cabbage, kale, spinach, and romaine lettuce. He also consumes other low glycemic foods, such as blueberries, onions, mushrooms, quinoa, and walnuts.â¢ The second recommendation for diabetes control is regular exercise. Paul exercises and lifts weights at least five times a week. As a result, he is now able to regulate his fat and blood sugar levelsâwithout the side effects of glucose-lowering drugs.
You May Like: Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trials
Treating Hypoglycemia With Carbohydrates
If a person notices they are becoming hypoglycemic, either while working out or afterward, they should immediately consume a carbohydrate-rich snack.
Experts define hypoglycemia as a reading of under 70 milligrams per deciliter . The CDC recommends people raise their blood sugar levels with the by eating 15 grams of carbs and checking blood sugar levels after 15 minutes. They should then repeat these two steps until the blood sugar levels return to their usual range.
Fast-acting carbohydrates suitable for treating low blood sugar include:
- 1 tbsp of sugar, honey, or syrup
- half a cup of juice or sugary soda
- 34 glucose tablets
- one sachet of glucose gel
- candy, such as jelly beans, gummy bears, or hard candy, depending on the serving size
People should always read the labels of foods they consume when treating hypoglycemia. They need to check the grams of carbohydrates per serving and make sure they do not contain high levels of other macronutrients such as fiber, fat, and protein. These can slow the absorption and effect of carbohydrates on blood sugar levels.
To treat hypoglycemia, people should look for foods that contain only carbohydrates in their simplest form, which is sugar. However, this advice only applies when consuming food to treat hypoglycemia and is inappropriate nutrition advice for regular eating.
Without treatment, hypoglycemia can become more serious.
Benefits Of Exercising For Diabetes
There are many benefits of being active when you have type 1, type 2 or other types of diabetes. Moving more can:
- help the body use insulin better by increasing insulin sensitivity
- help you look after your blood pressure, because high blood pressure means youre more at risk of diabetes complications
- help to improve cholesterol to help protect against problems like heart disease
- help you lose weight if you need to, and keep the weight off after youve lost it
- give you energy and help you sleep
- help your joints and flexibility
- help your mind as well as your body – exercise releases endorphins, which you could think of as happy hormones. Being active is proven to reduce stress levels and improve low mood.
- help people with type 2 diabetes improve their HbA1c. In some cases, this can help people with the condition go into remission.
You May Like: Diabetes Type 1 Treatment Without Insulin
B I Keep Going Low After Exercise
This often stems from greater insulin sensitivity after activity, which can last for a day or more following an intense workout. There are generally two types of post-exercise lows: immediately after exercise and delayed lows. Tactics #1 and #2 below will most help with immediate lows tactic #3 can help with delayed lows.
Low Blood Sugar After Exercise
When you exercise, your body pulls sugar from your bloodstream to fuel the activity. It also draws on sugar stored as glycogen in your muscles and liver.
This is why your blood sugar level tends to drop during a workout. Its common for blood sugar to continue to drop for several hours after exercise, too.
If your blood sugar level drops to 70 mg/dL or lower, its known as low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. In most cases, hypoglycemia can be treated by eating or drinking fast-acting carbohydrates. In severe cases, hypoglycemia must be treated with a medication known as glucagon.
You May Like: Does Medicare Pay For Eyeglasses For Diabetics
Best Type Of Exercise When You Have Diabetes
There isnt one type of activity thats best for everyone with diabetes – its about finding what works for you. This can depend on lots of things, like what you enjoy, where you are and how much time you have. Try to think about how activity can fit in with your life, not the other way around.
In general, its best to try and do a mixture of different types of activity. This is because different types of activity have different benefits, and use different parts of your body.
For example, swimming can make you breathe harder and raise your heart rate. This is good for your heart health because your heart has to work harder to pump blood around the body. When you have diabetes, keeping your heart healthy is even more important because youre more at risk of complications, including heart disease.
Gardening, however, can help with strength, and doing something like digging can help the body use insulin better.
Some people can find that doing the same thing can get boring after a while, so weve put together a list of ideas to give you inspiration or to help you get started.
And weve also teamed up with Sport England and other charity partners to help promote moving more across the UK in the We Are Undefeatable campaign.
If you have diabetes complications or other health conditions that affect how much activity you can do, it can be difficult to know what exercises to try. Thats why weve put together more detailed advice about exercising if you have complications.
We Have Three Primary Goals In Post
1) Refill glycogen stores.2) Repair protein breakdown and synthesize new protein.3) Keep blood glucose levels in range .
What in the world do I eat to do this?
If you ask 25 people their opinions on this topic, youll get 25 different answers. To be honest: there is no perfect answer. However, heres some guidance through the essentials.
Also Check: Is Diabetes A Metabolic Disorder
What Physical Activities Should I Do If I Have Diabetes
Most kinds of physical activity can help you take care of your diabetes. Certain activities may be unsafe for some people, such as those with low vision or nerve damage to their feet. Ask your health care team what physical activities are safe for you. Many people choose walking with friends or family members for their activity.
Doing different types of physical activity each week will give you the most health benefits. Mixing it up also helps reduce boredom and lower your chance of getting hurt. Try these options for physical activity.
Understanding Your Blood Sugar And Exercise
The effect physical activity has on your blood sugar will vary depending on how long you are active and many other factors. Physical activity can lower your blood sugar up to 24 hours or more after your workout by making your body more sensitive to insulin.
Become familiar with how your blood sugar responds to exercise. Checking your blood sugar level more often before and after exercise can help you see the benefits of activity. You also can use the results of your blood sugar checks to see how your body reacts to different activities. Understanding these patterns can help you prevent your blood sugar from going too high or too low.
Also Check: Glucose Test Range For Pregnancy
> > > Breaking: Uncover How One Man Discovered The Truth About Successfully Treating Type 2 Diabetes
You should know that insulin can help you manage your diabetes and prevent further damage to your kidneys. If youre suffering from diabetes, its important to consult a doctor to make sure that youre a good candidate for the condition. If youre looking for more information, you can read about the various types of diabetes available, as well as how to get a free online health assessment. In many cases, its possible to avoid a doctors visit by doing simple exercises. If youre not familiar with the signs and symptoms of diabetes, you can read online articles about the condition and learn about its treatment.
Continue Learning About Diabetes
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
Don’t Miss: Healthy Diet For Type 2 Diabetes
The Importance Of Exercise When You Have Diabetes
For people who have diabetesor almost any other disease, for that matterthe benefits of exercise can’t be overstated. Exercise helps control weight, lower blood pressure, lower harmful LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, raise healthy HDL cholesterol, strengthen muscles and bones, reduce anxiety, and improve your general well-being. There are added benefits for people with diabetes: exercise lowers blood glucose levels and boosts your body’s sensitivity to insulin, countering insulin resistance.
Many studies underscore these and other benefits from exercise. Following are some highlights of those results:
In general, the best time to exercise is one to three hours after eating, when your blood sugar level is likely to be higher. If you use insulin, it’s important to test your blood sugar before exercising. If the level before exercise is below 100 mg/dL, eating a piece of fruit or having a small snack will boost it and help you avoid hypoglycemia. Testing again 30 minutes later will show whether your blood sugar level is stable. It’s also a good idea to check your blood sugar after any particularly grueling workout or activity. If you’re taking insulin, your risk of developing hypoglycemia may be highest six to 12 hours after exercising. Experts also caution against exercising if your blood sugar is too high , because exercise can sometimes raise blood sugar even higher.
Image: ratmaner/Getty Images
Workout Foods For Diabetes
What do football player Jay Cutler, baseball player Adam Duvell, golfer Scott Verplank, and hockey player Cory Conacher have in common?
All of these professional athletes have diabetes.
And while we may not all be quite as athletically gifted as they are, regular physical activity whether recreational or competitive is an important aspect ofhd diabetes self-care. A minimum of 150 minutes of physical activity a week is recommended for most people with diabetes, with an emphasis on not only the cardiovascular and strength training perks but also the positive benefits of physical activity on blood glucose management. Understanding how to best manage blood glucose during physical activity, especially during strenuous and long workouts, often requires knowledge about your blood glucose patterns, diabetes medications and the role food plays in your workouts.
Also Check: When To Check Blood Sugar
What Should I Eat After Exercising If I Have Diabetes
Do you feel hungry after exercise? If you have diabetes, choose your nosh carefully. Post-workout snacks can have a big impact on how your body uses insulin. Your best bet? Refuel with a handful of nuts. A little lean protein or some healthy fats can help make your body more insulin sensitive. Translation: Your body absorbs and uses blood sugar more effectively. Insulin sensitivity is important because the more insulin sensitive you are, the less likely you are to develop diabetes. In a recent study, carbohydrate-rich post-workout meals seemed to have a negative effect on exercisers. Their muscle cells refilled quickly with a sugar-based fuel called glycogen, which seemed to reduce insulin sensitivity. All of which led researchers to conclude that post-workout meals should include fats and protein .
How To Tell If Its Safe To Exercise
Before you begin your workout, start by measuring your blood sugar, Dr. Hatipoglu says.
When you initiate exercise, your body releases stress hormones, which can briefly raise your blood sugar.
If you have diabetes and your body doesnt manage blood sugar well, it can increase too much during the first half hour of exercise before it begins to lower.
If you start exercising with very high blood sugar, it might be dangerous, she says. You might need to wait for it to go down a bit before starting your workout.
She offers four tips for ensuring that your glucose levels are safe for exercise:
The American Diabetes Association recommends about 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of rigorous exercise weekly.
Don’t Miss: Glucose Test Pregnancy 1 Hour
Exercise And Diabetes: What To Eat Before And After Your Workout
Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, getting enough exercise is crucial for improving insulin resistance and maintaining overall health. For people with diabetes, it’s not as simple as suiting up and hitting the gym. You need to think about your blood sugar both before and after a workout. To prevent extreme highs or lows, make sure you’re eating properly and fueling your body at the right times, with the right foods.
If Your Blood Sugar Is Low
Blood glucose levels may vary depending on what type of exercise you’re doing, how long you’re doing it for, and how hard you’re working.
Some people might experience a drop in blood sugar levels during or after exercise, so it’s important to check your insulin levels before, during and after a workout. If your levels are low before exercise, the American Diabetes Association recommends having a small carbohydrate snack to raise your blood sugar – especially if you will be exercising longer than 30 minutes. You might also need to lower your insulin dosage.
Also, be sure to bring along a carbohydrate food or drink that can raise your blood sugar if necessary.
If Your Blood Sugar Is High
High-intensity exercises can increase levels of your stress hormones, which raise glucose levels. If your blood sugar is high before a workout, you might need to check your blood or urine for ketones and avoid vigorous activity.
Find Out Whats Happening In Your Local Area
Getting active with others can often give you that extra bit of motivation you need.
We run local diabetes support groups to bring people with diabetes together. Sharing tips and stories with like-minded people could help you learn and figure out whats best for you. Use our postcode finder to find out if youve got one in your area and check out what online activities theyre running.
This content has been created in partnership with support from national lottery funding through Sport England.
Read Also: Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus 1 And 2
What Foods Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes
You may worry that having diabetes means going without foods you enjoy. The good news is that you can still eat your favorite foods, but you might need to eat smaller portions or enjoy them less often. Your health care team will help create a diabetes meal plan for you that meets your needs and likes.
The key to eating with diabetes is to eat a variety of healthy foods from all food groups, in the amounts your meal plan outlines.
The food groups are
- nonstarchy: includes broccoli, carrots, greens, peppers, and tomatoes
- starchy: includes potatoes, corn, and green peas
Use oils when cooking food instead of butter, cream, shortening, lard, or stick margarine.