What Foods Can I Eat With Type 1 Diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes, it is important to understand what foods you can and cannot eat.
Many people with type 1 diabetes follow a specific diet in order to manage their blood sugar levels and to help avoid medical complications.
There are some food items that are healthy for someone with type 1 diabetes, while others should be avoided. In this article, we will discuss the types of food that are most beneficial for people with type 1 diabetes to eat and provide a delicious list of snacks too.
Compared To What Youve Heard
The major difference between the low-fat, plant-based, whole food diet, a low-carbohydrate diet, or other methods like the glycemic index becomes apparent in the long-term.
Low-carb diets provide quick results, but as we mentioned above, they can drastically increase insulin resistance and therefore increase your risk for many chronic diseases in the long term.
The glycemic index also focuses on the short term effects of specific foods, rather than increasing the nutrient density of your overall diet.
Meanwhile, the low-fat, plant-based, whole food diet provides excellent short-term results and dramatically reduces your risk for chronic diseases like coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, cancer, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome , peripheral neuropathy, Alzheimers disease, chronic kidney disease, and fatty liver disease in the future.
Low Carb Diets And Type 1 Diabetes
Some people with type 1 diabetes may wish to adopt a reduced carbohydrate diet. Low carb diets can be helpful for people who are struggling to keep control on a carb centered diet or for those who are otherwise looking to tighten their control.
A healthy diet for type 1 diabetes is broadly similar to the guidelines for people without diabetes. The differences between a diet for type 1 diabetes and someone without diabetes are:
- People with type 1 diabetes need to be more careful with intake of sweet foods
- The amount of carbohydrate eaten should be balanced with an appropriate amount of insulin
The general guidelines for a healthy diet are:
- Eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables each day
- Include fish and lean meats in preference to red meats
- Include unsaturated fat in preference to saturated fat
- Eat less sugar and salt
Key to controlling type 1 diabetes is matching carbohydrate intake with the correct amount of insulin. Blood glucose testing can help you to see how different foods affect your blood glucose levels and help you to balance your insulin doses. Testing your blood glucose before a meal and at intervals of 2 and 4 hours after eating is a great way to see how your blood sugar levels respond.
Some people with type 1 diabetes may wish to reduce their carbohydrate intake to help minimise swings in blood glucose levels. If you wish to carbohydrate intake discuss how to safely do this with your diabetes specialist who can help you to safely adjust your doses.
Also Check: Type 1 Diabetes Insulin Pump Cost
Apple Cider Vinegar And Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar and plain vinegar have many health benefits.
Although its made from apples, the sugar in the fruit is fermented into acetic acid. The resulting product contains less than 1 gram of carbs per tablespoon.
According to a meta-analysis of six studies, including 317 people with type 2 diabetes, vinegar has beneficial effects on fasting blood sugar levels and HbA1c .
Apple cider vinegar may have many other healthful properties, including antimicrobial and antioxidant effects. But more studies are needed to confirm its health benefits.
To incorporate apple cider vinegar into your diet, begin with 4 teaspoons mixed in a glass of water each day before each meal. Note that you may want to put 1 teaspoon per glass of water so that the taste is not as strong. Increase to a maximum of 4 tablespoons per day.
Apple cider vinegar may help improve fasting blood sugar levels, but more research is needed to confirm its health benefits.
Which Diet Is Right For Diabetes
Many diets claim health benefits. But newer guidelines for people with type 2 diabetes say that there is not just one diet for diabetes management that a variety of eating styles can work. How do you choose whats right for you?
Before you decide to commit to a particular diet, heres some tried-and-true tips:
- Eat more non-starchy vegetables things like broccoli, cauliflower and carrots. Raw or cooked vegetables or salads its hard to eat too many of this food group. Eat them at meals and for snacks.
- Minimize added sugars and refined grains. Choose cereals and breads without added sugars or very low in added sugar, and drink water as your main beverage.
- Choose whole foods over highly processed foods as much as possible. Look for whole grains over refined grains. Avoid or eat less from boxed mixes, breaded and deep fried foods, or those with heavy gravies and sauces.
There many diets out there that you can look to for weight loss. But our list highlights a few better diets, two you should approach with caution, and diets to avoid altogether if you have diabetes.
Also Check: Ways To Reduce Type 2 Diabetes
How Does Food Affect Type 1 Diabetes
Different foods affect your blood glucose levels differently. Some foods raise blood glucose more than others. However, there is no such thing as a diabetic diet for type 1 diabetes. It all depends on understanding how food affects your blood sugar. There are three primary nutrients found in foods: carbohydrates , proteins and fats.
Type 1 Diabetes And Insulin Resistance
Type 1 diabetes and insulin resistance are rarely referenced in the same context, since insulin resistance is the cause of type 2 diabetes.
However, insulin resistance is the underlying condition that causes high blood glucose and significant long-term tissue damage in people with type 1 diabetes.
This matters because insulin resistance is actually exacerbated by a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet in people with type 1 diabetes, just like in people living with type 2 diabetes.
An animal-based ketogenic diet, a plant-based ketogenic diet, and a Paleo diet are all high-fat diets that are commonly prescribed for those with type 1 diabetes.
Because of this, its extremely important to be aware that even though severely reducing the grams of carbohydrates you consume by following a high-fat diet may help you control your blood glucose in the short-term, this may increase your chronic disease risk in the long-term.
You May Like: Hope For Type 1 Diabetes Cure
What Is The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas stops producing insulin.
This happens due to your immune system attacking and destroying the cells in your pancreas that make it. It is usually diagnosed as a child, teen, or young adult but can happen to anyone at any age.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder where the body doesnt use insulin properly and is the most common form of diabetes.
This is usually because the person has developed insulin resistance over time which causes the cells to not use it. Type 2 diabetes is best regulated using a healthy diet and physical activity although insulin treatments may be needed.
Gestational diabetes is elevated blood sugar that develops during pregnancy.
It usually goes away after your baby is born, but if you have gestational diabetes you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Carb Counting Vs Low Carb For Type 1 Diabetes
Prior to the discovery of insulin in 1921, many doctors placed their patients with diabetes on very-low-carb diets because they recognized that carbs raise blood glucose much more than does protein or fat.11 While this wasnt sufficient to manage type 1 diabetes, it did help to prevent extreme carb-related spikes.
The advent of injectable insulin allowed those with type 1 diabetes to eat carbohydrate without dramatically raising their blood sugar. However, even with insulin, controlling blood glucose levels can be a major challenge for them.
Today, diabetes educators often tell people with type 1 diabetes that they simply need to take insulin to match the amount of carbs they eat at each meal. In fact, many people who use ICRs have repeatedly heard, You can eat whatever you like as long as you take the right dose of insulin.
However, there are several issues with this approach, including:
For many people with type 1 diabetes, eating high-carb foods and taking large doses of insulin can cause blood sugar levels to resemble a rollercoaster rather than remaining within a narrow range.
In his book, Dr. Bernsteins Diabetes Solution, Dr. Richard K. Bernstein explains that eating very small amounts of slowly-digested carbs and taking very small doses of insulin leads to more predictable results and essentially normal blood sugar levels. He calls this The Law of Small Numbers.
Don’t Miss: Menu For Someone With Diabetes
Why To Follow A Type 1 Diabetes Diet
People with type 1 diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels. Without proper diet, exercise, and insulin therapy, a person with type 1 diabetes could experience health complications.
Complications associated with type 1 diabetes include:
- high blood pressure, which increases the risk for heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation
- kidney damage
- nerve damage
- skin sores and infections, which can cause pain and may lead to tissue death
Following proper dietary guidelines can help mitigate the difficulties of type 1 diabetes and help you avoid health complications. It can also improve your overall quality of life.
Add Extra Activity To Your Daily Routine
If you have been inactive or you are trying a new activity, start slowly, with 5 to 10 minutes a day. Then add a little more time each week. Increase daily activity by spending less time in front of a TV or other screen. Try these simple ways to add physical activities in your life each day:
- Walk around while you talk on the phone or during TV commercials.
- Do chores, such as work in the garden, rake leaves, clean the house, or wash the car.
- Park at the far end of the shopping center parking lot and walk to the store.
- Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
- Make your family outings active, such as a family bike ride or a walk in a park.
If you are sitting for a long time, such as working at a desk or watching TV, do some light activity for 3 minutes or more every half hour.5 Light activities include
- leg lifts or extensions
Don’t Miss: Mens Low Cut Diabetic Socks
What Are The Diet Recommendations For Type 1 Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association recommends the same healthy diet for children who have type 1 diabetes as those who don’t. Eating adequate calories for your child to grow and develop appropriately is the primary goal of adequate nutrition. While your child doesn’t have to avoid any particular foods, you’ll want to keep these tips in mind:
- Avoid sugary drinks. Instead, choose water. There are many sparkling waters available that have minimal carbohydrates or sugar substitutes. Also, try infusing your water with fresh fruits and herbs to help give flavor, but not add extra calories or sugar. Crystal Light, sugar-free lemonades or unsweetened teas are options, but should not be your primary hydration source.
- Don’t let your child skip meals as this can cause them to overeat at the next meal.
- Even if your child is trying to lose weight, they should never skip a meal. They should only reduce portion sizes.
- Increase daily fiber to help overall blood sugar control as well as many other health benefits
- Choose healthy carbohydrates at every meal and try to pair them with a fat and protein. Healthy carbohydrate examples are whole wheat pasta, brown rice, whole wheat bread, oatmeal and fruit.
Days Meal Plan For Diabetics
Very often we found that the diabetic patient keep looking for best meal plan and express desire to eat all variety of food. It is very tough to allow them everything if they are diagnosed with diabetes. Diet is the most primary thing that gets affected when you are fighting a battle with type 1 diabetes every day. The battle seems never ending without a finish line and you keep fighting for your health in several ways which many may not understand.
You may or may not have a diabetic meal plan for a week but, if you do have one then you needs to ask some questions to yourself.
A famous physician, researcher and author Dean Michael Ornish said that heart diseases and diabetes results in more deaths worldwide than everything combined and these are easily preventable without the use of drugs or surgery by making comprehensive changes in your lifestyle.
Think about it because type 1 diabetes meal plan for 7 days can help you keep your blood sugar levels controlled. It is a proven fact that including low carb diet recipes in your diet improve blood sugar levels and aid in weight loss too. It also improves digestion, offers some brain boosting benefits.
Recommended Reading: Why Did Insulin Prices Go Up
Breakfast Anytime: Spinach And Parmesan Egg Muffins
Serving size: 2 muffins
- ¼ cup grated parmesan cheese
- 1 cup frozen spinach, thawed
- Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Spray muffin tin with non-stick spray.
- Whisk together eggs, spinach, cheese, and pepper in a bowl.
- Pour egg mixture evenly between muffin tins .
- Bake for 20 minutes.
Why its a good choice: The protein in the eggs and the fiber from the veggies will keep you feeling full. Plus, eggs are incredibly easy and fast to cook and this is a perfect example of a meal you can make a big batch of and store the leftovers in the fridge or freezer to grab on the go, says Shalek. This is another adaptable meal where you can use any kind of nonstarchy vegetable you like.
Creating A Type 1 Diabetes Meal Plan
People can use different methods to plan their type 1 diabetes diet. They can also seek help from a dietitian. Some common ways to prepare meals are:
Carbohydrate counting: This method involves keeping track of how many grams of carbohydrate someone eats and drinks each day.
Glycemic index:Glycemic index and glycemic load measure the amount of sugar in foods and how much they will raise blood sugar.
Plate method: People can use this technique to control portion sizes and food groups. It ensures that half of the plate consists of nonstarchy vegetables while a quarter contains a healthful protein, and a grain or starch fills the last quarter.
Snacks should aim to balance carbohydrates with protein or fats. So-called diabetic sweets are also available, but people should keep these to a minimum. Healthful snack ideas include:
- hummus and oatcakes
- chocolate protein balls made with oats, nut butter, cocoa powder, and a diabetes-friendly sweetener, such as stevia
- celery sticks and nut butter
- a boiled egg
People who are tracking their carbohydrate intake should take care to count fruit if they eat it as a snack. A small piece of whole fruit contains about 15 g of carbohydrate. Berries are a lower GI fruit, and melons, pineapples, and some dried fruits have a medium GI.
Eating a lower sugar fruit together with a protein source may help balance blood glucose more than eating the fruit on its own. For example, someone could have berries with natural yogurt.
Read Also: Development Of Type 2 Diabetes
How Is Calcium Connected To Aging Diabetes Hypoglycemia And Falls
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in your body and makes up a lot of your bones and teeth. It keeps your bones and teeth strong and supports your bodys overall structure. Calcium is also used to help your muscles move, helps with blood circulation, and your nerves to transmit messages throughout your body. The other nutrient to know when thinking about calcium is vitamin D. Vitamin D is used to absorb calcium, so without it, it can lead to not getting sufficient amounts of calcium. Also, as we get older, our bodies arent as efficient in absorbing calcium.
Type 1 Diabetes Food List
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes the body to kill off its insulin-producing cells. There is currently no cure, and it cannot be prevented.
The good news is that through proper management, people with type 1 diabetes can live long, whole and healthy lives.
Many factors contribute to blood sugar regulation, including diet, lifestyle, and genetics.
The role of diet in managing type 1 diabetes is one of the most widely debated topics among healthcare professionals, researchers, and people living with type 1 diabetes.
A type 1 diabetes food list includes foods low in carbohydrates, moderate in protein, and high in healthy fats.
These foods help keep blood sugar levels under control and help improve overall health and well-being.
Don’t Miss: What Is Diabetic Retinopathy Screening
Nutritional Content In T1dm
The optimal macronutrient composition of the diet for patients with diabetes is controversial.
The mix of dietary carbohydrate, protein, and fat may be adjusted to meet the metabolic goals and individual preferences of the person with T1DM, but in general, daily energy intake should be targeted to include 5055% carbohydrate, 1015% protein, and 3035% fat .
Low-fat, low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, and vegetarian diet are all acceptable.
Individualized meal planning should include optimization of food choices to meet the recommended daily allowance /dietary reference intake for all micronutrients