Tingling Numbness Or Pain In The Hands Or Feet
High blood sugar levels can affect blood circulation and damage the bodys nerves. In people with type 2 diabetes, this can lead to pain or a sensation of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
This condition is known as neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and lead to more serious complications if a person does not get treatment for their diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
Excessive thirst Frequent urination Extreme hunger Unexplained weight loss Fatigue, or a feeling of being “run down” and tired Rapid breathing Blurred vision Dry, itchy skin Headache Tingling or burning pain in the feet, legs, hands, or other parts of the body High blood pressure Mood swings Irritability, depression Frequent or recurring infections, such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and skin infections Slow healing of cuts and bruises Unlike type 1 diabetes, which frequently has a sudden onset of symptoms and reaches a crisis point before diagnosis is made, the signs of type 2 diabetes may be gradual and more insidious. Often, the first symptoms that people with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes experience are those from complications of the disease, such as blurry vision or foot pain . If you’re experiencing any of the type 2 diabetes symptoms, please contact your healthcare provider immediately for medical evaluation. More from Prevention: 6 Things Every Diabetic Should DoContinue reading > >
Type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes: Whats The Difference
Type 2 diabetes is not the same as Type 1 diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesnt make any insulin. In Type 2, your pancreas doesnt make enough insulin, and the insulin it is making doesnt always work as it should. Both types are forms of diabetes mellitus, meaning they lead to hyperglycemia .
Type 2 diabetes usually affects older adults, though its becoming more common in children. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but people of any age can get it.
Recommended Reading: What Is Considered Low Blood Sugar For Type 2 Diabetes
Is Type 2 Diabetes Increasing
Type 2 diabetes is increasing at an epidemic rate, and is being diagnosed at younger and younger ages. The most likely reason for this increase is that individuals with a genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes are developing the disease due to lifestyle changes namely less physical activity, weight gain, and longer life span.
The good news is that scientific research confirms that by eating healthy foods, exercising regularly and maintaining an ideal body weight, you can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.
You Can Live A Long Healthy Life With Diabetes
If youve just been told you have type 2 diabetes and youre not sure what that future looks like, thats completely understandable. What you should know is that diabetes care and treatment has come a long way in reducing the impact of diabetes on peoples lives. People with diabetes are living longer, healthier lives with fewer complications. And with the help of diabetes self-management education and support services, you can gain the knowledge, skills, and support needed to successfully manage diabetes.
Recommended Reading: How To Lower Glucose Quickly
Delaying The Onset Of Diabetes
It is possible to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes, even after a diagnosis of prediabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association, regularly exercising and losing about 7% of your body weight can reduce your risk of developing diabetes by 58%.
Some people may also delay diabetes onset by taking diabetes medication.
You can discuss your options and how to accomplish your goals with a doctor.
Not everyone can prevent diabetes entirely. Still, taking early steps can still help prevent complications from diabetes and improve your overall quality of life.
Here are some questions people often ask about the risk of having type 2 diabetes.
What Are The Treatments For Type 2 Diabetes
Treatment for type 2 diabetes involves managing your blood sugar levels. Many people are able to do this by living a healthy lifestyle. Some people may also need to take medicine.:
- A healthy lifestyle includes following a healthy eating plan and getting regular physical activity. You need to learn how to balance what you eat and drink with physical activity and diabetes medicine, if you take any.
- Medicines for diabetes include oral medicines, insulin, and other injectable medicines. Over time, some people will need to take more than one type of medicine to control their diabetes.
- You will need to check your blood sugar regularly. Your health care provider will tell you how often you need to do it.
- It’s also important to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels close to the targets your provider sets for you. Make sure to get your screening tests regularly.
Also Check: Gestational Diabetes Weekly Meal Plan
What Is The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, people produce little or no insulin, as the insulin-producing cells have been destroyed by the bodys immune system. Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease.
In type 2 diabetes, the body may make enough insulin early in the disease, but doesnt respond to it effectively. As type 2 diabetes progresses, the pancreas gradually loses the ability to produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is associated with inherited factors and lifestyle risk factors such as being overweight or obese, poor diet, and insufficient physical activity.
How Do I Diagnose Type 2 Diabetes
So youve just been told you have type 2 diabetes. Theres probably a lot running through your head right now. Living with diabetes takes a lot of work and can take a toll on your physical and mental health. The good news is there are things you can do to help you cope so you can stay strong mentally and physically.
While theres no cure for type 2 diabetes, there are ways to manage it and thrive. Theres no one-size-fits-all diabetes management and treatment plan. Your doctor, diabetes education specialist, and other health care professionals can create a plan for your specific needs. A successful diabetes management plan will include healthy eating, exercise, medical support, and emotional support. Yes, emotional support. Getting emotional support is just as important as any other part of diabetes care and treatment.
You may not have all the answers on how to deal with diabetes right now, but over time youll figure it out. Many people with type 2 diabetes lead long, healthy lives. Just rememberwhatever youre feeling is OK, and youre not alone.
Heres what you should keep in mind as you take each step forward:
Don’t Miss: Can You Donate A Kidney If You Have Diabetes
What Are Prediabetes And Diabetes
Having prediabetes means your blood glucose levels are higher than normalbut not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes. Prediabetes can often be reversed.
With type 2 diabetes, your body cannot properly use insulin . You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, but you are at higher risk if you are older, overweight, have a family history of diabetes, are not physically active, or are a woman who had gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that some women get when they are pregnant. Even if a womans blood sugar levels go down after her baby is born, she is at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
With type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin, so you need to take insulin every day. Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes.
If you want to learn more about the basics of diabetes and prediabetes, you can visit CDCs Diabetes website.
Read the National Diabetes Statistics Report to learn more about the toll that diabetes is taking in the United States.
How Can I Develop Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Uncontrolled cases can cause blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and other serious conditions. This is known as prediabetes. It’s estimated that up to 70% of people with prediabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
The purpose of this new study was to determine whether puberty timing can be linked to diabetes risk in men.
Men who had early pubertal growth spurt were also more likely to require insulin.
5.7-6.4 Increased Risk Of Diabetes Mellitus Has COVID-19 affected diabetes care? They wonder about their risk of becoming sick, as well as whether they can
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term medical condition in which your body.
You might develop sleep apnea, a condition in which your breathing.
Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when The person who is overweight and inactive is much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes because certain lifestyle choices greatly influence how.
According to the CDC, people with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if they do not get treatment. The onset of type 2.
Highest Diabetes Rates By Country Diabetes Health Center Queen’s North Hawaii Community Hospital’s Diabetes Wellness Clinic offers diabetes wellness services to all members of our
May 26, 2019.
May 28, 2019.
Don’t Miss: Does Viagra Work For Diabetics
Type 2 Diabetes In Children
One 2016 study found that the incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth has increased to about 5,000 new cases per year. Another study from 2017 also showed a significant increase, particularly in minority races and ethnic groups.
If your child has been diagnosed with diabetes, their doctor will need to determine if its type 1 or type 2 before suggesting a specific treatment.
In the same way that lifestyle choices can help adults manage or even reverse their type 2 diabetes diagnosis, you can help lower your childs risk by encouraging them to eat well and to be physically active every day.
report the following statistics about diabetes in the United States:
- Over 30 million people have diabetes. Thats around 10 percent of the population.
- 1 in 4 people has no idea they have diabetes.
- Prediabetes affects 84.1 million adults, and 90 percent of them are unaware of it.
- Non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Native American adults are to have diabetes as non-Hispanic white adults.
The ADA reports the following statistics:
Treatment For Low Blood Glucose
If you have type 2 diabetes that’s controlled using insulin or certain types of tablets , you may experience episodes of hypoglycaemia.
Hypoglycaemia is where your blood glucose levels become very low.
Mild hypoglycaemia can make you feel shaky, weak and hungry, but it can usually be controlled by eating or drinking something sugary.
If you have a hypo, you should initially have a form of carbohydrate that will act quickly, such as a sugary drink or glucose tablets.
This should be followed by a longer-acting carbohydrate, such as a cereal bar, sandwich or piece of fruit.
In most cases, these measures will be enough to raise your blood glucose level to normal. You should aim for a hypo to be treated and to recheck your blood glucose level within 15 minutes.
If blood glucose still less than 4mmol/l then repeat the treatment using a fast acting carbohydrate. When your blood glucose returns to normal then have your longer acting carbohydrate.
If you develop severe hypoglycaemia, you may become drowsy and confused, and you may even lose consciousness.
If this occurs, you may need to have an injection of glucagon into your muscle or glucose into a vein. Glucagon is a hormone that quickly increases your blood glucose levels.
You may require input from a health care professional. If the glucagon is not successful, you may require an injection of dextrose into your vein.
Your diabetes care team can advise you on how to avoid a hypo and what to do if you have one.
You May Like: How Can I Know If I Am Diabetic
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors
As mentioned, type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disease. That means you cant just stop eating sugar or start exercising to avoid developing this health condition.
Here are some of the factors that may affect your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Obesity Poor eating habitsToo much TV timeNot enough exerciseSleep habits Polycystic ovarian syndrome Being over age 45
Checking Your Blood Sugar Levels
Checking your blood sugar levels is an important part of managing your diabetes, so well take you through how to check them and what your readings mean.
Read Also: Where Do You Give Insulin Injections
Understanding Your Risk Factors
Besides visceral fat, some other causes of diabetes in thin people are:
Diet.You are what you eat. While it may sound silly, theres truth to this adage. Your diet is an important factor in your risk for diabetes. Diets high in sugar and unhealthy fats can increase your risk of developing diabetes, says Kosak.
Sedentary lifestyle. Sitting for long periods can change your metabolism. And it can lead to insulin resistance, a contributing factor to diabetes.
Prediabetes. Having higher than normal blood sugar levels causes this condition. Left untreated, it can develop into Type 2 diabetes.
Stress. When we feel stressed, our body releases a chemical called cortisol. Cortisol triggers our fight-or-flight response.
As part of the fight-or-flight response, cortisol raises your blood sugar level, explains Kosak. That can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance and diabetes.
Fatty liver disease. Having a condition known as fatty liver disease puts you at risk of developing diabetes. There are two types of fatty liver disease. The primary type is caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The other type, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease , is caused by a buildup of fat in the liver.
If you have fatty liver disease, talk to your healthcare provider. They can work with you to develop a plan to lower your risk of developing diabetes.
What Are Some Of The Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes
Genetic and environmental factors can both play a role. The most common risk factor is being overweight or having obesity.
People with a history of gestational diabetes or aspects of metabolic syndrome such as high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease also have a higher risk of developing diabetes.
Don’t Miss: Signs To Know If You Have Diabetes
What Should You Know About Diabetic Coma
The official name is known as a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome . this situation can cause a diabetic coma and eventually death with both types of diabetes. It occurs when the blood sugar in your system becomes too high and your body soon becomes very dehydrated. Some of the symptoms of this condition include dry, parched mouth, sleepiness, extreme thirst, hallucinations and weakness of the body.
Heres How You Can Get Started:
- Work with your doctor to determine what level of physical activity you should engage in
- Figure out how much time per day you can devote to exercise
- Set fitness goalshaving clear goals can help you stay motivated
- Consider where youll start working outthe gym, in your neighborhood, in a park?
- Build different activities into your daily routine
- Start slowly and allow for recovery time
- Keep track of what you do and stay focused on your goals
- Listen to your body
Recommended Reading: What Is A Good Glucose Level For Type 2 Diabetes
What Does Skinny Fat Mean
Skinny on the outside doesnt always mean skinny on the inside. Commonly called dad bod or mom bod,skinny fat refers to someone with a normal BMI and weight but low muscle mass. Skinny fat people tend to have a type of fat called visceral fat. Visceral fat grows around your organs instead of under your skin, so it isnt visible.
If you have visceral fat, you may not look overweight, but you may have as much fat as someone who looks heavier.
The medical term for skinny fat is MONW, which stands for metabolically obese, normal weight, says Kosak. People who are MONW may look healthy but are at risk for conditions like diabetes.
Diabetes Has Serious Consequences
Diabetes Is Serious and Common
Diabetes is currently the seventh leading cause of death in the United Statesand studies show that deaths related to diabetes may be under-reported! Today, 1 in 10 U.S. adults has diabetes, and if trends continue, 1 in 5 will have it by 2025.
An additional 96 million U.S. adults 1 in 3 have prediabetes, which means their blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. Without intervention, many people with prediabetes could develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years, which puts them at risk of serious health problems, including:
Recommended Reading: Type 2 Diabetes When To Take Insulin
How Is Type 2 Diabetes Treated
Teens with type 2 diabetes often go to a pediatric endocrinologist for treatment. This kind of doctor treats problems affecting hormones, like diabetes. They also may see a dietitian, diabetes educator, or weight management specialist.
The goal of treatment for type 2 diabetes is to keep blood sugar levels in a healthy range. Treatment usually includes:
- eating a healthy, balanced diet
- getting regular physical activity
- checking blood sugar levels regularly
- losing weight, if recommended
- taking anti-diabetes pills or getting insulin . If blood sugars remain high, the doctor may add another medicine.