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Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels Chart

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Fasting Blood Sugar Test

Blood Sugar Levels Chart | Includes fasting and after eating

This test can be done in the lab or the healthcare providers office with a simple finger stickor your doctor may prescribe a meter and have you test regularly at home.

A fasting blood sugar level indicates what your blood sugar is when you havent eaten for at least 8 hours. For adults without diabetes, a normal fasting blood sugar is less than 100 mg/dL. A fasting blood sugar level of 100-125 mg/dL indicates prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes.

S For Treating A Person With Symptoms Keeping Them From Being Able To Treat Themselves

  • If the glucagon is injectable, inject it into the buttock, arm, or thigh, following the instructions in the kit. If your glucagon is inhalable, follow the instructions on the package to administer it into the nostril.
  • When the person regains consciousness , they may experience nausea and vomiting.
  • Dont hesitate to call 911. If someone is unconscious and glucagon is not available or someone does not know how to use it, call 911 immediately.

    Do NOT:

    • Inject insulin
    • Provide food or fluids

    High Blood Sugar: Hidden Dangers

    In the short term, high blood sugar levels can zap your energy, cause excessive thirst and urination, and blur your vision. High blood sugar levels can also lead to dehydration, dry and itchy skin, and infections. Minimizing the time spent above your target blood sugar range can help you feel your best and will help prevent complications and injury to your body.

    Over time, high blood sugar affects many parts of the body. Chronic high blood sugar can start to cause noticeable changes, including:

    • Memory problems
    • Vision problems like blurriness, diabetic retinopathy, and blindness
    • Gum disease that leads to tooth loss, which can make eating healthy foods difficult due to problems chewing
    • Heart attack and stroke due to increased plaque build-up in the vessels and other vascular issues
    • Kidney disease, which can lead to the need for dialysis or a kidney transplant
    • Nerve damage that can cause decreased sensation in the feet and legs which increases the risk for wounds to turn into serious infections and even amputation

    Nerve damage from high blood sugar can also cause a variety of symptoms including:

    • Pain and tingling in the feet and hands
    • Difficulty emptying your bladder
    • Problems during the digestion process after eating, which can cause food to sit in the stomach too long and lead to nausea, vomiting, and erratic blood sugar levels

    Checking your blood sugar frequently and taking immediate action when it is above range can reduce your risk of complications.

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    When Should A Diabetic Check Blood Sugar

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    Average Blood Sugar Levels

    Pin on Health
    140 mg/dL 2 hours after eating
    180 mg/dL 1 hour after drinking glucose
    155 mg/dL 2 hours after drinking glucose
    140 mg/dL 3 hours after drinking glucose
    95 mg/dL after fasting for glucose-tolerance test for pregnant women

    The results of blood sugar tests vary by testing method and lab but generally doctors consider a fasting blood sugar of up to 100 mg/dL to be within the average range. From blood drawn 2 hours after a person eats, doctors consider a level of up to 140 mg/dL to be average. In a glucose-tolerance test for pregnant women, a level of 95 mg/dL after fasting is considered to be the, ‘target,’ level. A doctor who is concerned might order additional testing at 1,2 and 3 hours after a person drinks glucose. The target levels for those tests are 180 mg/dL, 155 mg/dL and 140 mg/dL. Gestational diabetes is indicated if 2 or more of the 4 levels equal or go over the desired target level.

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    Causes Of High Blood Sugar

    Common causes of high blood sugar in people with diabetes include:

    • being unwell
    • eating too much sugary or starchy food
    • being less active than usual
    • missing doses of diabetes medicine

    You can also get high blood sugar if your diabetes medicine is not working well, you’re taking certain medicines or you recently had an operation.

    Different Levels And What They Mean

    The ranges of safe levels of blood glucose depend on factors such as what time of day it is and when you last ate. Safe levels of blood sugar are high enough to supply your organs with the sugar they need, but low enough to prevent symptoms of hyperglycemia or complications of diabetes which follow the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases guides. Dangerous levels of blood glucose are outside of this range.

    The target levels can also vary if you have diabetes. For example, if you are diabetic and are monitoring your blood sugar, you might get a reading of 65 mg/dl. That is considered to be mild hypoglycemia, and you would be wise to eat 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates and retest your blood sugar in 15 minutes.

    If you were not diabetic, you probably would not know that your sugar was low because you would not test and because you would not symptoms, and you would not act.

    That is fine because your body is capable, under normal circumstances, of raising your blood glucose to healthy levels when needed, even if you have not eaten. It is important to keep them in control to help prevent issues like heart disease or nerve damage.

    Looking for the best prediabetes diet? Learn what foods are best to help you manage your prediabetes.

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    Improving Fasting Blood Sugar Levels

    If a person does not have perfect fasting blood sugar levels, yet the levels are not quite high enough to be considered diabetes, they should take it as an opportunity to improve their health and achieve average blood glucose levels prior to developing type 2 diabetes. Usually, high blood sugar levels have to do with a poor diet, but even more often they have to do with a person’s lack of exercise and physical activity.

    A number of medical studies have shown a dramatic relationship between elevated blood sugar levels and insulin resistance in people who are not very active on a daily or regular basis. Many of the same studies have also shown that the most efficient way of improving insulin resistance is to increase the amount of physical activity. Doing so helps a person to achieve weight loss, increase blood flow and circulation, as well as lower blood sugar levels.

    Factors That Can Affect Blood Sugar Levels

    5 Warning Low Blood Sugar Symptoms – Dangerous Blood Sugar Level

    If you have prediabetes or diabetes, you may have insulin resistance or an inability to produce insulin. This means your body has difficulty regulating blood sugar levels on its own.

    Its a delicate balance to maintain, so the following list can help you familiarize yourself with factors that can cause your blood glucose levels to go up or down.

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    What Is Blood Sugar Level

    Blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is defined as the amount of glucose present in the blood of a human or animal. The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis. The international standard way of measuring blood glucose levels are in terms of a molar concentration, measured in mmol/L . In the United States, mass concentration is measured in mg/dL – See our mmol/L to mg/dl chart for blood sugar number conversions.

    When a person eats carbohydrates, such as pasta, bread or fruit, their body converts the carbohydrates to sugar – also referred to as glucose. Glucose travels through the blood to supply energy to the cells, to include muscle and brain cells, as well as to organs. Blood sugar levels usually fluctuate depending upon what a person eats and how long it has been since they last ate. However consistent or extremely low levels of glucose in a person’s blood might cause symptoms such as:

    • Anxiety
    • Confusion
    • Nervousness

    Warning signs of dangerously high levels of blood sugar include sleepiness or confusion, dry mouth, extreme thirst, high fever, hallucinations, loss of vision, or skin that is warm and dry.

    Avoiding Problems With Your Meter

    sugar to enter your cells The Yes hyperlink below will take you out of the Abbott Laboratories family Low Blood Sugar Symptoms of net sites.

    This Normal Blood Sugar Level might cause you to get up during the evening or cause complications, tiredness or damp sheets in the morning What Is The Normal Blood Sugar Level Estimated average glucose , in the identical type of numbers as your day to day blood sugar readings A blood sample is drawn in a fasting take Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers Use Them To Manage Your Diabetes a look at after you go with out consuming for at least 8 hours, and even overnight It is advisable What Is Normal Blood Sugar to record your blood and insulin ranges in log sheets as suggested in What Is The Normal Blood Sugar Level your doctor s notice.

    There are about 29 million individuals in the How Early Can You Be Induced With Gestational Diabetes us with kind 2 Another 84 million have prediabetes, meaning their blood sugar is excessive however not high High Blood Sugar Symptoms enough to be diabetes Low blood sugar diagnosis yet Ophthalmologists, neurologists, podiatrists, and nephrologists may also be part .

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    Urgent Advice: Call Your Care Team Immediately Or Get Help From Nhs 111 If:

    You think you have high blood sugar and:

    • you’re feeling sick, being sick or have stomach pain
    • you’re breathing more quickly than usual or your heart is beating faster than usual
    • you feel drowsy or are struggling to stay awake
    • your breath has a fruity smell
    • you feel confused or have difficulty concentrating
    • you have a high level of ketones in your blood or pee

    These could be signs you’re becoming seriously unwell.

    You can call 111 or get help from 111 online.

    Page last reviewed: 26 May 2022 Next review due: 26 May 2025

    Are Some Canadians At Higher Risk For Elevated Blood Sugar Levels Than Others

    Pin on Bloodsugar

    You may have a higher risk for elevated blood sugars and type 2 diabetes if you:

    • Are 40 or years of age or older
    • Have a close relative with diabetes
    • Are of African, Arab, Asian, Hispanic, Indigenous or South Asian descent
    • Are overweight
    • Have been diagnosed with prediabetes

    Some medical conditions can also increase your risk of type 2 diabetes, such as:

    • High blood pressure or cholesterol levels
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    • Psychiatric disorders
    • Sleep apnea

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    When To See A Healthcare Provider

    Getting professional medical advice from a healthcare provider like an endocrinologist is the best way to learn more about whether your blood sugar levels are where they should be. Not getting proper treatment for low or high blood sugar levels can be serious and lead to health complications, especially for those with diabetes. Diabetes complications include nerve damage, kidney disease, heart disease, or heart attacks.

    If you see a healthcare provider about your blood sugar levels, be prepared to answer questions about risk factors like what you eat, how much you exercise, and about your family history. Some healthcare providers may want to take a blood sample to test your blood sugar levels. They may also order an A1C test, which is a blood test that measures blood sugar control over three months. You may have to fast eight hours beforehand to get accurate test results, so its always a good idea to check before your appointment. Your healthcare provider can create a diabetes treatment plan if you are prediabetic or have diabetes.

    Be sure your treatment plan includes instructions on when you would need to seek emergency medical care. Emergency rooms are equipped to handle high blood sugar levels and can administer treatments like insulin therapy and fluid or electrolyte replacement.

    Symptoms Signs Causes Of Levels Of High Blood Sugar In The Blood

    High blood sugar or hyperglycemia is an abnormally high blood sugar level in the blood. Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes and prediabetes.

    Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include blurred vision, headaches, hunger, and …

    The normal ranges for blood sugar levels in adults who do not have diabetes while fasting are 72-99 mg/dL. These ranges may increase to 80-130 mg/dL for those being treated for diabetes.

    According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes should have

    • blood sugar levels of 80-130 mg/dL before eating a meal , and
    • less than 180 mg/dL about 1-2 hours after eating a meal

    High blood sugar ranges for people who dont have diabetes begin at 140 mg/dL, while those being treated for diabetes have a high range beginning at 180 mg/dL.

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    Dangerously Low Blood Sugar Levels

    Not just high but also low blood sugar levels may be dangerous. This condition called gypoglycemia may occur from either too little food or excessive activity, when you blood sugar level fall below 70 mg/dL. Symptoms of gypoglycemia are problems with coordination, dizziness, tingling in the limbs, being confused, loss of consciousness.

    Check Your Blood Sugar Often

    low blood sugar levels chart

    Checking your blood sugar levels often and writing down, or using an app to track the results will tell you how well you are managing your diabetes. Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about how often you should check your blood sugar.

    • Not everyone with diabetes needs to check their blood sugar every day. But some people may need to check it many times a day.
    • If you have type 1 diabetes, check your blood sugar at least 4 times a day.

    Usually, you will test your blood sugar before meals and at bedtime. You may also check your blood sugar:

    • After you eat out, particularly if you have eaten foods you don’t normally eat
    • If you feel sick
    • Before and after you exercise
    • If you have a lot of stress
    • If you eat too much
    • If you are taking new medicines that can affect your blood sugar

    Keep a record for yourself and your provider. This will be a big help if you are having problems managing your diabetes. It will also tell you what works and what doesn’t work, to keep your blood sugar under control. Write down:

    • The time of day
    • The amount of carbohydrates or sugar you ate
    • The type and dose of your diabetes medicines or insulin
    • The type of exercise you do and for how long
    • Any unusual events, such as feeling stressed, eating different foods, or being sick

    Many glucose meters let you store this information.

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    Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels

    Very high as well as very low blood sugar levels can make you faint. The charts presented in this HealthHearty article describe the normal and abnormal blood sugar levels. Read on to know more about the effects of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.

    Very high as well as very low blood sugar levels can make you faint. The charts presented in this HealthHearty article describe the normal and abnormal blood sugar levels. Read on to know more about the effects of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.

    Before discussing the dangerous levels of blood sugar, it may be pertinent to discuss what blood sugar means, and how too high or too low levels stand to damage the human body.

    What If The Blood Glucose Check Result Doesnt Sound Right

    If youre not convinced that a result is correct, heres a suggested check list:

    • Have the strips expired?
    • Is the meter too hot or too cold?
    • Is the calibration code correct?
    • Is the battery low or flat?

    All meters will give a different result with a different drop of blood. As long as there is not a big difference there is not usually cause for concern.

    The accuracy of all meters can be checked with meter-specific liquid drops called control solutions. If you are concerned, you can arrange to have your meter checked with a control solution. Your Credentialled Diabetes Educator or pharmacist can help you with this.

    Read Also: Ways To Take Insulin For Type 1 Diabetes

    How Long Does Gestational Diabetes Last

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