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Blood Sugar To A1c Conversion Chart

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How To Calculate A1c To Average Blood Sugar

Blood Glucose Conversion Chart | How to convert to HbA1c | Type 2 Diabetes
  • There’s nothing more simple than using our A1c calculator. Just input the level of hemoglobin A1c from your laboratory test to get your result immediately. You can freely switch between units in both the hemoglobin and average blood sugar fields.

  • For those curious about the actual calculations, here is the A1c to average blood sugar formula:

    Average Blood Sugar = HbA1c * 28.7 – 46.7

  • If you want to convert hemoglobin A1c level from a percent to millimoles per moles , use the following equation:

    HbA1c = HbA1c * 10.93 – 23.5

  • To do the reverse calculation , use this formula:

    HbA1c = HbA1c * 0.09148 + 2.152

  • Control A1c Levels For Children And Adolescents

    A1C goal levels chart for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and average Serum glucose levels.A1c goal to be less than 7.5% .Blood glucose before meals to be 90130 mg/dL Glucose level at bedtime/overnight to be 90150 mg/dL .These goals should be modified to a lower goal in children with frequent hypoglycemia or hypoglycemia unawareness.Its helpful to individualize these goals under benefit-risk assessment to assess preprandial insulin doses in those on basal-bolus or pump regimens.

    What Are Foods I Can Eat To Lower My Number

    • Monitoring your carbohydrate intake is essential to lowering blood glucose levels and therefore A1C levels. The foods you eat can have a direct impact on your blood glucose. Carbohydrate examples include potatoes, rice, bread, fruit, milk,and other starchy foods. When too many carbs are eaten, the blood sugar may rise too high. Frequent blood sugar spikes will be reflected as a high A1C level.
    • Lower carb recipes and diabetes friendly meals will help lower blood sugar levels and therefore be reflected as a lower A1C level. Be careful of “hidden” sources of carbohydrate. These include breading on meat, sauces, and low fat dressings.
    • Label reading is important when grocery shopping. Check the total carbohydrates on the label in order to stay in your ideal carbohydrate range. Try to focus on measuring carbs and eating non-starchy vegetables, lean meats and unsaturated fats. Eating 3 medium size meals each day and 1-2 snacks will also help stabilize blood sugar.
    • Be sure to ask your health care provider for individualized advice regarding any changes you would like to make in your eating habits including cooking tips, lower carb snacks and eating out with diabetes. Planning ahead will increase your chances of success regarding your diet and will help you include diabetes friendly comfort foods.

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    How Accurate Are The Results

    The calculator looks to provide an estimate of what your HbA1c value may be based upon your average blood glucose results and vice versa. Its important to note that HbA1c and blood glucose tests measure different things.

    Blood glucose tests measure the concentration of glucose molecules in the blood at a single point in time.

    The HbA1c test measures the proportion of haemoglobin molecules in the blood that have become chemically bonded with glucose over a period of up to 3 months.

    However, the calculator serves as a useful guide which can give you a close indication of what your HbA1c result might be based on your blood glucose results?

    Normal A1c Levels Chart For Non

    a1c levels

    According to American Diabetes Association latest guidelines 2017 and 2018,Hemoglobin A1c levels 3, 4, 5, and up to 5.7 is normal and tell that the person has no DM.Non-diabetes means your blood glucose test results are within the expected normal limits for healthy persons.The normal hemoglobin A1c means youre not diabetic or you are on the goal levels, I mean that:A1c 4.0% and A1c 5.0 means you werent diabetic and this value is the normal levels that all healthy persons must have.But A1c 5.7% means you are on the last step before prediabetes stage.

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    Hgb A1c Chart For Diabetes

    Contains the levels of A1c that considered high for people suffering from DM patients whose treatment based on metformin or insulin.Any reading of A1c is greater than 6.5 tells you have got DM according to ADA guidelines,although for people who are already have DM and taking medications the levels from 7 to 8 is the target value they should shoot for.However persons with type 1 DM and are on insulin especially children may show A1c levels over 10,and they must fight to lower their Hgb a1c levels to theee goal targets.Two consecutive tests show high A1c levels confirm the diagnosis of DM and means that the person has diabetes millitus type 2 or type 1.For a person on metformin and A1c 7% it means he achieved the target value for type 2 diabetes mellitus.However, for type 1 diabetes millitus and persons taking insulin to control DM the A1c 8.0 is mild as all his results may hit the A1c 12%.

    Conversion From Old Units To New Units

    In the past 15 years, to report the results from the glycated hemoglobin test a new unit has been proposed and introduced . Some countries already adopted the new unit in their lab reports, while others still stick to the old unit or use both.

    While the results reported are the same, the numbers differ substantially and can create confusion. Here below you can find the conversion table from NGSP to IFCC units.

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    What Is Estimated Average Glucose

    Estimated average glucose, eAG summarizes the blood glucose level during the past 3 months.

    We obtain it by transforming percentage of HbA1c to eAG value, given either in mg/dL or mmol/L.

    Why does the eAG measure exactly 3 past months?

    The estimated average glucose range comes from the HbA1c measurements that estimate the amount of the particular protein located within the red blood cells.

    The average lifespan of a red blood cell equals 120 days, which is almost 4 months – but we must remember that not all the blood cells are being born and die at the same time. To receive accurate readings, we need to make sure that most of the cells that we study were alive during the period we’d like to measure – that’s why we’re confident of 3, not 4 months.

    Hey! You can check the foods that increase your estimated average glucose with our glycemic index or glycemic load tools.

    A1c Levels Chart For Pregnancy

    A1C Levels

    A reasonable A1C goal for many nonpregnant adults is ,7% .For type 1,2 preexisting diabetes , its safe to reduce A1C below 6.5% , to minimize the risk of congenital anomalies.Management of Diabetes during Pregnancy, Accelerated red blood cell turnover is the reason behind decreased A1C in normal pregnant women than in normal nonpregnant women.The A1C target level in pregnancy is 66.5% .Optimal A1c level during pregnancy:It is 6% if this can be achieved without significant hypoglycemia, but the doctors may target A1c 7% to prevent hypoglycemia in pregnancy. In the second and third trimesters:To hit the lowest risk of large-for-gestational-age infants doctors must target A1C 6% ,because studies shown that 6.5% is related to increased adverse outcomes.Blood sugar target levels during pregnancy:The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists as well as the ADA-recommended targets for women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes as follows:

    • Fasting #95 mg/dL and either
    • One-hour postprandial #140 mg/dL or
    • Two-hour postprandial #120 mg/dL

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    How Often Do I Need An A1c Test

    This calculator only estimates how the A1C of someone who self-monitors quite frequently might correlate with their average meter readings. But many factors can affect blood glucose, so it’s critical to have your A1C checked by your doctor regularly.

    The ADA recommends an A1C test at least 2 times a year for those who are in good control. For those who have changed their therapy or who are not in good control and not meeting glycemic goals, an A1C test is recommended quarterly. Your doctor will help you decide what’s right for you.1

    What Are The Risks Of Chronic High Blood Glucose Level

    Increase your physical activity. You dont have to train to be an Olympic athlete, but you should strive to include a few short walks in your daily routine. Every step is crucial!

    • Attempt to reach and maintain a healthy BMI .
    • The BMI is the most fundamental indicator, but you should also consider your waist-hip ratio. A large amount of visceral fat has been related to an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.
    • Maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet. If youre overweight, dont go over your daily calorie restriction, and attempt to eat even less. Say goodbye to processed meals and sweets.
    • If you follow those recommendations, your hemoglobin A1C levels will almost certainly improve.
    • A higher risk of cardiovascular disease, such as myocardial infarction or stroke.
    • Theres a chance youll get chronic renal disease or perhaps kidney failure.
    • Nerve injury and paresthesia are more likely.
    • There is a high risk of retinopathy and vision loss.
    • Infections, including as skin infections and mycoses, are common.
    • Difficulties with conceiving,
    • Diabetic foot, which could cause amputation!

    They may diagnose you with diabetes if your A1C result is equal to or higher than 6.5 percent. If this is the case, make an appointment with your doctor away!

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    Risks Of Chronic High Blood Glucose Level

    You already know how to calculate A1c levels, but what should you do with the result? If your level is less than 5.7% – congratulations – this is a normal A1c level, and you have nothing to worry about. Maintain your healthy habits and keep your blood sugar level low.

    If you drifted into the prediabetes group – that’s a red flag. You’re at a high risk of diabetes, but there is still hope. Check out the How to lower A1c? section for some hints. Do not neglect this result, as chronic high blood sugar levels can lead to severe consequences, including:

    • Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases – myocardial infarction or brain stroke
    • Problems getting pregnant
    • Diabetic foot, potentially leading to amputation!

    If your A1c level is equal to or higher than 6.5%, you may be diagnosed as diabetic. If this is your result, book an appointment with your doctor immediately!

    What Can I Learn From Converting My Hba1c To Average Blood Glucose Level

    Conversion Chart: A1C / Average Blood Glucose Level

    Converting your lab test HbA1c to average blood glucose level can be useful to compare your own average blood glucose results.

    If, for example, your own average blood glucose results are lower than the average provided by the calculator, this suggests you may not be testing during periods of the day when your blood glucose levels are higher, which could include after meals.

    You may therefore wish to carry out more blood glucose testing at different times of day to see if you are experiencing high results that you may not otherwise be aware of.

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    Average From A Glucose Meter

    Although an A1C level gives you a sense of average glucose levels over the past few months, a person with type 1 or type 2 diabetes needs a blood glucose meter to check blood sugar and make treatment decisions on a day-to-day basis.

    If you test often during the day like before and after meals and other times that your blood sugar can vary and use an accurate glucose meter, this can give you valuable information on daily variations in blood sugar levels. Many blood glucose meters are also equipped to provide 7, 14, 30, or 90-day averages. A 90-day average on your meter can be used in the calculator above to estimate how it may correlate to an A1C.

    Glucose meter averages are based on the frequency that you have tested per day, so if you do not have many data points or are unable to test at certain times , it probably wont give you a full picture of your blood sugar levels and may skew lower than an A1C test result.

    What Could Cause A1c To Get Obstructed

    Conditions like acute and chronic blood loss, hemolytic anemia, and splenomegaly can cause A1C values that are artificially low. The A1c readings of patients with end-stage renal illness are frequently artificially low. This is because of the chronic anemia that comes with it, which reduces red cell survival.

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    When Should I Get My Hemoglobin A1c Test

    You should test your A1c levels as a preventive test if you are over 45 or under 45 and overweight. You should also consider it if you have one of the diabetes risk factors, such as:

    • History of familial diabetes
    • Low physical activity
    • High blood pressure
    • High level of blood cholesterol
    • History of gestational diabetes or having given birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds.

    Check out your individual diabetes risk with our comprehensive diabetes risk calculator.

    Benefits Of Lowering Your A1c Test Result

    Rule of Thomas for Hemoglobin A1c Conversion

    Keeping your A1C test results low can significantly reduce the risk of long-term diabetes complications such as nerve problems, damage to your eyes, kidney disease and heart problems.3

    1American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes2017 . Diabetes Care. 2017 40: S1-S135. Available at: . Accessed July 28, 2017.

    2Nathan DM, Kuenen J, Borg R, Zheng H, Schoenfeld D, Heine RJ. Translating the A1C assay into estimated average glucose values. Diabetes Care. 2008 31: 1473-1478. Available at . Accessed July 28, 2017.

    3American Diabetes Association. A1C and eAG. Available at: . Accessed July 28, 2017.

    4Tylee TS, Trence DL. Glycemic variability: looking beyond the A1C. Diabetes Spectrum. 2012 24: 149-153. Available at . Accessed July 28, 2017.

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    Estimated Average Glucose Calculator

    Translating the A1C assay into estimated average glucose values.

    The estimated average glucose calculator converts the value of glycated hemoglobin to the average blood sugar level in the past 3 months.

    Follow the article below to discover HbA1c normal ranges and find out what is eAG and how we should interpret it.

    We’ll also cover different methods used in A1c/estimated average glucose calculations and look at ready-made blood sugar conversion charts.

    How Can I Get My Number Down Quickly

    • Exercise helps to lower your blood glucose levels by allowing your body to use its own insulin more effectively. This will, in turn, help lower A1C levels. Exercise also tones and builds muscle which is more metabolically active than fat. Ask your health care professional for advice on how to start a safe exercise program.
    • Medications can play a very important role in lowering A1C. Be sure to follow your health care provider’s advice regarding diabetes medicines. For those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes, it can be very helpful to keep a diary of foods eaten, medications taken and timing. This information can be very useful to your physician.

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    How To Lower A1c Level

    Your doctor will tell you to lower your A1C levels if your test shows they are too high. Here are a few pointers to get you started:

    • Consult your doctor about medicine. Make sure youre following the doctors instructions when taking them. Mention any other medications youre taking for different ailments, as they could interact.
    • Check your blood sugar levels more frequently and make sure youre using the suitable treatments . If you believe this is a problem for you, seek professional treatment.
    • Increase your physical activity. You dont have to train to be an Olympic athlete, but you should strive to include a few short walks in your daily routine. Every step is crucial!
    • Attempt to reach and maintain a healthy BMI .
    • The BMI is the most fundamental indicator, but you should also consider your waist-hip ratio. A large amount of visceral fat has been related to an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.
    • Maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet. If youre overweight, dont go over your daily calorie restriction, and attempt to eat even less. Say goodbye to processed meals and sweets.

    If you follow those recommendations, your hemoglobin A1C levels will almost certainly improve.

    How To Calculate A1c / Formula

    Pin on Health

    It doesnt get any easier than utilizing our A1C calculator. Simply enter the level of hemoglobin A1C from your lab test to get an instant result. Both the hemoglobin and average blood sugar sections allow you to move freely between units.

    Here is the formula for converting A1c to average blood sugar for people who are inquisitive about the details:

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    Target Levels In People With Diabetes

    A doctor will set a persons target A1C level based on many factors. The right target varies from person to person.

    For someone with diabetes, the target A1C level may depend on:

    • the persons age
    • how long they have had diabetes
    • their prescribed treatment plan
    • any history of adverse effects from the treatment, including episodes of low blood glucose, or hypoglycemia
    • any complications from diabetes
    • the persons preferences and treatment priorities

    In general, a doctor might recommend aiming for A1C levels under 6.5% if a person:

    • is young and has a long life expectancy
    • has had diabetes for a short period
    • is effectively managing their diabetes with lifestyle changes or metformin alone
    • is otherwise in good health

    A doctor might recommend A1C targets of 7.08.5% if a person:

    • is older and has a shorter life expectancy
    • has had diabetes for a longer period
    • has diabetes that is hard to manage, even with multiple medications
    • has a history of severe hypoglycemia or other adverse effects of treatment
    • has experienced complications of diabetes
    • has other chronic health conditions

    A person should work with their doctor to reassess and adjust their A1C targets over time. The condition and treatment goals may change.

    To screen for diabetes, a doctor may order an A1C test for someone older than 45. They may also do this for younger people who have other risk factors.

    After diagnosing diabetes, a doctor determines how often to test A1C levels.

    Symptoms of high blood glucose levels include:

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