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Cinnamon For Diabetes Type 2

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Cinnamon is not merely a spice loaded with healthful antioxidants, but it can also help patients regulate their blood glucose levels. Cinnamon promotes digestive health as well, which is linked directly to diabetes.

Medical experts recommend consuming cinnamon in moderation, about 3-6 grams cinnamon powder in a day.

Insulin Sensitivity/oral Glucose Tolerance

Parameters of insulin sensitivity and/or glucose tolerance were calculated on the basis of fasting blood parameters and/or the OGTT. The HOMA-IR index was calculated as the product of fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations divided by 22.5 . The index of composite whole-body insulin sensitivity was calculated using all 5 plasma glucose and insulin concentrations collected at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after glucose intake in a 2-h OGTT the oral glucose insulin sensitivity was calculated as described by Mari et al. .

Research Into Cinnamon And Diabetes

A paper published in Diabetes Care concluded that low levels of cinnamon reduced glucose, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetic subjects. This study also stated that cinnamon could be used by the healthy population to protect themselves from, and prevent, elevated glucose levels and blood lipid levels.

Another study that underlined the connection between cinnamon and diabetes was published in Nutrition Research. It found that cinnamon extract improved fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels in 66 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

There have been lab-level studies which show that cinnamon extracts may have potent anti-cancer properties.

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Who Should Avoid Cinnamon

Cinnamon is safe for most people with diabetes.

However, people who have liver disease or believe they have a risk of developing liver disease may need to avoid cinnamon, particularly in large amounts.

Cinnamon comes in two forms: Ceylon and cassia. Cassia is common in the United States and contains small amounts of a substance called coumarin.

Some people are sensitive to this chemical and, if they take it in large doses, might develop liver disease. People who already have liver disease are especially at risk if they consume cinnamon.

Most research on the role of coumarin in liver failure looks at significantly larger quantities of cinnamon than a doctor would recommend for people with diabetes. This highlights the importance of starting out a course of cinnamon with very small doses.

People should also consider using a Ceylon cinnamon supplement rather than the more readily available cassia cinnamon.

Cinnamon Dosage For Diabetes

Cinnamon Benefits for Diabetes Type 2

In 2010, approximately 1.9 million people age 20 and older were diagnosed with diabetes, according to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse. If you have chronically high blood sugar levels, you may be able to regulate your sugar levels by taking cinnamon. In traditional Chinese medicine, bark from the Cinnamomum zeylanicum tree is used to control blood sugar and high cholesterol levels and may also relieve digestive problems or improve your appetite. Additional clinical research in humans is needed, however, to substantiate these purported health effects of cinnamon.

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Data Abstraction And Validity Assessment

Two reviewers independently abstracted data from each trial using a standardized data abstraction tool. The following information was obtained from each trial: author identification, year of publication, study design, source of study funding, study duration and follow-up, study population , sample size, time since diagnosis, cinnamon dose , product name/brand, formulation used, and scientific name of cinnamon species used. Baseline parameters were also collected . Validity assessment was performed by 2 investigators independently using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. This checklist includes 6 validity questions covering the following domains: random sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, blinding of outcome assessment, incomplete data reporting, and selective reporting. Each item was scored as a low, unclear, or high risk of bias.

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How Cinnamon Mimics Insulin

Beyond trying to determine whether cinnamon or cinnamon extract is effective in managing diabetes, researchers have also looked at exactly what cinnamon may be doing in the body. Studies reveal that cinnamons effects on blood sugar may be twofold. A 2001 study in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition demonstrated that, in vitro, a cinnamon-derived compound called methylhydroxychalcone stimulates cells to absorb and store glucose at a level comparable to insulin . In other words, MHCP mimics insulins effects on cells. Additionally, studies in 2007 and 2009 suggest that ingestion of cinnamon improves insulin sensitivity , but the effects were short-term .

Now, you may be thinking to yourself, maybe the evidence isnt strong enough to say cinnamon helps diabetes or prediabetes, but can it hurt? It turns out that when you take cinnamon both on its own and with other medications there are some things you should keep in mind.

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Can Increase Insulin Sensitivity

In individuals with diabetes, either the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin or cells do not respond to insulin appropriately, resulting in abnormally high blood sugar levels.

Cinnamon shows to assist with diabetes prevention and treatment by mimicking insulin and promoting glucose uptake into cells.

Its a common sweetener in baking. It improves insulin sensitivity, allowing glucose to enter cells more effectively.

Cinnamon improves insulin sensitivity in men after only one dose. With the benefit lasting at least 12 hours. After two weeks, cinnamon supplements improved insulin sensitivity in eight males.

What Are The Different Types Of Cinnamon

The current body of research on cinnamon and its impact on diabetes has also considered the different varieties, doses, and formulations of this spice. Of the different types of cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon has been shown to have antibacterial and antifungal properties, while Cassia cinnamon may help lower blood glucose and lipid levels in addition to containing antibacterial and antifungal properties as well.1 Although more research is warranted to determine the most beneficial forms of cinnamon to ingest, what we do know is that cinnamon has antioxidant benefits in whichever form you consume. If you do take it as a supplement, just be sure to check with your doctor about safe quantities for any preexisting medical conditions or medications.

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Lowers The Risk Of Complications

Cinnamon has additional benefits. It can help lower fasting blood sugar levels and minimize blood sugar spikes after meals. It may also aid in the prevention of diabetes-related problems.

People with diabetes have a four times greater chance of getting heart disease than those without. Cinnamon may help reduce this risk by improving established risk factors for heart disease, such as blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels.

A study of control trials in persons with type 2 diabetes reveals that consuming cinnamon is in link to a 9.4 mg/dL reduction in bad LDL cholesterol and a 29.6 mg/dL reduction in triglycerides on average.

Good HDL cholesterol levels increased by an average of 1.7 mg/dL , according to the study.

Furthermore, another research discovered that consuming two grams of cinnamon for 12 weeks reduced both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Type 3 diabetes, on the other hand, is in connection with Alzheimers disease and other dementias in recent years, with many individuals referring to Alzheimers disease as type 3 diabetes.

According to studies, cinnamon extract inhibits the formation of two proteins: beta-amyloid and tau. These are in connection with the development of Alzheimers disease.

However, this study has only been conducted in test tubes and animals. More research in humans is in need to validate these results.

Ceylon Vs Cassia: Which Is Better

Cinnamon for diabetes â myth or science?

Cinnamon is typically grouped into two different types Ceylon and Cassia.

Cassia cinnamon can be derived from a few different species of Cinnamomum trees. Its generally inexpensive and is found in most food products and the spice aisle of your grocery store.

Ceylon cinnamon, on the other hand, is specifically derived from the Cinnamomum verum tree. Its typically more expensive and is less common than Cassia, but studies have shown that Ceylon cinnamon contains more antioxidants .

Because it contains more antioxidants, its possible that Ceylon cinnamon may provide more health benefits.

Nevertheless, although several animal and test-tube studies have highlighted the benefits of Ceylon cinnamon, most studies demonstrating health benefits in humans have used the Cassia variety .


Both varieties of cinnamon likely lower blood sugar and fight diabetes, but studies in humans are still needed to confirm that Ceylon provides more benefits than Cassia.

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What Are The Dangers

One important difference between the two types of cinnamon is that cassia cinnamon contains coumarin, which may be harmful to the liver. Ceylon cinnamon has no measurable amount of coumarin.

If you choose to use either form of cinnamon to moderate blood sugar after meals, it is very important to keep good measurements of your blood glucose. This will tell if the cinnamon is helping, and it will alert you if your blood sugar falls too low. You will also need to discuss this with your physician, as some of your other diabetes medicines might need adjustment. Your doctor may also want to monitor your liver enzymes to make sure the cinnamon is not doing more harm than good.

Best Ways To Incorporate Cinnamon Into Your Diet

So, is it a good idea to incorporate cinnamon into your diet? Now that we know about cinnamon and what it can do for those who struggle with diabetes. The answer to the question from the start is yes. It is a good idea to add cinnamon into your diet, for all of the reasons and research that was stated above. Now that we know all that, lets look at how we can incorporate the super spice into your diet.

One of the best ways to get more cinnamon into your diet is to sprinkle it on top of your food. You can also add it to smoothies, baked goods, and other recipes. If you have a sweet tooth, try making your own cinnamon candy. You can use it as a topping for ice cream or yogurt or just eat it by the handful. Cinnamon is also a great way to flavor your water. Add a few drops of cinnamon oil to your water and drink it throughout the day.

There are endless possibilities when incorporating cinnamon into your diet, and theyre all guilt-free. There are always healthier alternatives to your favorite desserts, and cinnamon can help take them to the next level!

To make cinnamon tea, you can either buy a bag of cinnamon sticks or grind your own. To grind your own, place the cinnamon sticks in a coffee grinder and pulse until they are finely ground. You can also use a mortar and pestle. The cinnamon sticks can be steeped in hot water, or you can place them in a tea ball and steep them in hot water.

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Cinnamon: A Dash Or A Dollop

The amount of cinnamon needed to produce a positive effect is unclear. In some of the clinical trials, people with diabetes were given about 1 gram of cinnamon in a capsule an amount that’s about the size of the tip of your pinkie finger.

Swallowing that much cinnamon powder would be downright painful , so Kern says you shouldn’t try to ingest cinnamon on your own in an effort to lower blood sugar. You also shouldn’t think you’re getting a big health benefit by chowing down on a big cinnamon bun or sipping a cinnamon latte: Even if additional research concludes that cinnamon is of benefit in lowering blood sugar and managing diabetes, Kern says you’re still not getting a free pass for the added carbs, sugar, and calories.

So what’s the takeaway message? Kern believes it’s not so much that people with diabetes should eat more cinnamon, but that “maybe has a property that might be beneficial.” He adds, “If researchers could figure out exactly what it is about cinnamon, one could design a drug that would target that beneficial property.

So, Kern says, if anything does come of cinnamon as a blood sugar-lowering agent, the recommendations for patients with diabetes might be in the form of a new medication that has captured the properties of cinnamon, not necessarily dietary changes.

How Much Cinnamon Should One Take

What Cinnamon Does To Your Body If You Have Type 2 Diabetes

Cinnamons ability to reduce blood sugar has been thoroughly examined. Despite this, there is no agreement on how much you should consume to receive the advantages while avoiding potential hazards.

16 grams per day. Either as a supplement or in the form of a powder mixed into meals. It has been in use in previous studies.

People who took lower doses had the same result as those who took higher doses, suggesting that there is no need to take huge dosages.

Furthermore, several studies have revealed that Cassia cinnamons coumarin content varies. As a result, ingesting more than 0.5 to 1 grams of it per day may put you over the safe daily intake.

Taking with caution is not necessary. Ceylon cinnamon contains considerably less coumarin than its Ceylon-grown relatives, so there is no reason to be concerned. As far as the danger of coumarin is concerned, up to 1.2 teaspoons daily should be fine.

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Add It To Indian Curries

Well, this is already a common way to use cinnamon in our kitchens. Saute a small cinnamon stick with other dry spices like cloves and peppercorns to make flavoursome curries.

Consuming cinnamon regularly may be beneficial for managing diabetes. However, it is recommended to exercise moderation while picking up the quantity of the spice. It is believed that 3-6 grams of cinnamon in a day is enough to avail its benefits.

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

Can Cinnamon Help Prevent Diabetes

In addition to cinnamons possible benefits for those with type 2 diabetes, theres some evidence it may help stave off the disease in the first place.

A recent study in the International Journal of Food Science divided 41 healthy adults into three groups and gave them varying daily doses of cinnamon: 1 gram, 3 grams, and 6 grams.

After 40 days, all three groups had significant improvements in blood glucose levels after eating a meal, particularly those who took the 3- and 6-gram doses.

The researchers noted that cinnamon appears to have a regulatory effect, keeping blood sugar within normal limits.

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Does Cinnamon Interact With Other Herbs Or Drugs

If youre using both of these supplements, use caution if youre also taking other medicines that lower blood sugar levels.

Alpha-lipoic acid Bitter melon Chromium Devils claw Fenugreek Garlic Horse chestnut Panax Siberian ginseng Psyllium

The same may be for diabetes medications. If you and your doctor determine it is OK for you to use cinnamon, keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels. Inform your doctor if your blood sugar levels drop too low.

Taking cinnamon with medications that damage the liver may make existing liver issues worse.

Trying Cinnamon At Home

Cinnamon for Diabetes: Health Benefits for You

While science continues to test the true effectiveness of cinnamon, experts say sprinkling cinnamon on food wont harm you and may a good substitute for sugar, salt and other flavoring agents not good for diabetes.

Be careful, however, not to use too much on food or in capsules. Cassia cinnamon, the most common form, can contain relatively high concentrations of coumarin, a plant compound that can damage the liver.

A study of 91 cinnamon samples from various stores in Germany found 63 times more coumarin in cassia cinnamon powder than in Ceylon powder, the more expensive version grown in Sri Lanka. Cassia sticks, which look like a thick layer of rolled bark, also contained 18 times more coumarin than Ceylon sticks, which have thin layers.

The Food and Drug Administrations recommended limit is 6 grams a day of cinnamon, which is about a tablespoon, said registered dietitian Lisa Drayer, who writes about nutrition for CNN, in a prior interview.

I think the bottom line is that cinnamon is a perfect pantry staple, a pleasant spice that can add flavor to foods for minimal calories, with antioxidant properties that may give an edge to those looking to better control their blood sugar, Drayer said.

But we need to see more research before we can make any solid health claims linking cinnamon to reduce risk of disease or improved health.

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