How Are High Blood Sugar Levels Treated
To treat high blood sugar, it helps to know what is causing it. You might need to take more insulin or diabetes pills because you’re growing and eating more food, or you might need to get more exercise each day.
Having high blood sugar levels every once in a while isn’t a big deal. It happens to everyone with diabetes from time to time. But if your blood sugar levels are high a lot, your diabetes health care team will have to help you figure out how to get them back to a healthy level.
Learn More About Blood Glucose Management> >
The reason blood glucose tends to spike after eating in many people with diabetes is a simple matter of timing. In a person who doesnt have diabetes, eating foods containing carbohydrate causes two important reactions in the pancreas: the immediate release of insulin into the bloodstream, and the release of a hormone called amylin. The insulin starts working almost immediately and finishes its job in a matter of minutes. The amylin keeps food from reaching the small intestine too quickly . As a result, the moment blood glucose starts to rise, insulin is there to sweep the incoming glucose into the bodys cells. In most cases, the after-meal blood glucose rise is barely noticeable.
However, in people with diabetes, the situation is like that of a batter with very slow reflexes facing a pitcher who throws 98-mph fastballs: The timing is all fouled up. Rapid-acting insulin that is injected at mealtimes takes approximately 15 minutes to start working, 6090 minutes to peak, or reach maximum effectiveness, and four hours or more to finish working. Meanwhile, amylin is either produced in insufficient amounts or not at all, so the movement of food from the stomach to the intestines is not slowed the way it should be. As a result, food digests even faster than usual. This combination of slower insulin and faster food can cause the blood glucose level to rise quite high soon after eating. Once the mealtime insulin finally kicks in, the high is followed by a sharp drop.
Blood Glucose 160 After Eating
One hour after eating my blood sugar is around 160-180, after 2 hours it is around 100-125. whats confusing is it goes up again after 3 hours post-meal to reach 140 then drops down again to 100, and stays at that level. my blood glucose runs about 106 fasting every morning. the rest of the day it is fine. i run and lift weights regularly. Key benefits of boost glucose control rich chocolate balanced nutritional 8 fl oz drink: 190 calories to help you be up for anything 16 g high-quality protein to help maintain muscle 16 g carbohydrates, including 4 g sugars equivalent to 1 carb choice 25 vitamins and minerals nutrition you need each day 3 g of fiber to support digestive health calcium and vitamin d to support. Glucose: this is a measure of the sugar level in your blood. high values are associated with eating before the test, and diabetes. the normal range for a fasting glucose is 60 -99 mg/dl. according the the 2003 ada criteria, diabetes is diagnosed with a *fasting* plasma glucose of 126 or more..
Recommended Reading: Vitamin D And Type 2 Diabetes
How To Manage Blood Sugar Spikes After Meals
If you’re trying to manage diabetes, you already know it’s important to keep track of your blood sugar levels. But how do you handle a spike that comes after you eat? It’s called “postprandial” blood glucose, and if you take some simple steps, you can get it under control and help avoid health problems.
If My Blood Sugar Is 160 Two Hours After Eating Dinner Could I Be Diabetic
Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!
Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!
HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.
Also Check: Type 2 Diabetes Blood Sugar Range
Blood Sugar Levels Before And After Eating
Blood sugar levels in our bodies will fluctuate depending on various conditions and circumstances. Here are the different levels:
1. Normal Blood Sugar Levels After Eating
According to the American Diabetics Association, normal blood sugar levels after meals should be 70 mg/dl 140mg/dl.This should be the reading 2 hours after a meal. If the levels are lower than 70mg/dl, it might mean that you have hypoglycemia. If your blood sugar is slightly higher than 140mg/dl, it does not necessarily mean that you have diabetes. However, you might need to have an oral glucose tolerance test later on to determine the severity of your elevated post-meal blood sugar.
2. Normal Levels of Fasting Blood Sugar
This blood sugar level is taken first thing when you wake up before your first meal. A normal level of fasting blood sugar lies from 70mg/dl to 92mg/dl. This is also the blood sugar level for a normal person who has not eaten for the past few hours.
3. Normal Blood Sugar Level for Type 1 Diabetics
American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar targets should lie between the following:
Before eating your blood sugar should be:
- Adults: 90-130mg/dl
After 1 to 2 hours after meals, your blood sugar should be:
- Adults: less than 180mg/dl
When going to bed, your blood sugar should be:
- Adults: 90-150mg/dl
4. Normal Blood Sugar Level for Type 2 Diabetics
American Diabetes Association recommends the following blood sugar targets for people with type 2 diabetes:
- Adults: 70-130mg/dl
What Is Normal Blood Sugar
What constitutes normal blood glucose varies for an individual depending on a range of factors.
Blood sugar, or glucose, is a form of sugar that serves as the body’s main source of energy. We obtain glucose from the food we eat, predominantly carbohydrate-rich foods such as potatoes, rice and bread. The absorption and storage of glucose is regulated constantly by complex processes that take place in our digestive systems.
What constitutes normal blood glucose varies for an individual depending on a range of factors, including age, any underlying medical conditions, and the medications they take and depends on when they consumed their last meal.
Also Check: Diabetic Fasting Blood Sugar Goal
What Is Low Blood Sugar
off along with your weight reduction journey and ready to What Is Normal Blood Sugar throw within the towel Here s how to avoid breakfast errors and get on the best track Herbs and spices are a great way to add taste to dishes, and Blood Sugar Level nonetheless have a range of health advantages Want to stop My Blood Sugar Is 160 After Eating the loss of energy and mind fog that usually go hand in hand with aging Review our list of helpful suggestions and tricks that will make positive you age properly.
Bursts of ROS can be produced by mitochondria, NADPH oxidase, and xanthine oxidase under hyperglycemia.
These individuals may be referred to as My Blood Sugar Is 160 After Eating having a type of congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia.
The diagnosis and management of My Blood Sugar Is 160 After Eating type 2 diabetes Will my blood sugar rise early pregnancy mellitus are with an interprofessional group These patients need an applicable referral to the ophthalmologist, nephrologist, heart specialist, and vascular surgeon Also, Signs of uncontrolled blood sugar patients must be educated about life style changes that may assist decrease blood glucose.
In this paper deep neural network based My Blood Sugar Is 160 After Eating methods are suggested Low blood sugar in rabbits to implement the patient state prediction.
If you anticipate having this reaction, bring along a snack to eat right after your test How much should by fasting blood sugar be is complete.
Causes Of High Blood Sugar
It’s not typical for your glucose to remain elevated four hours after eating. By then, insulin should have done its job and made sure that all of that extra glucose was used up. So if your blood sugar is still high hours after eating, it could be a sign that you have diabetes.
Or if you have already been diagnosed, the dosage of your insulin or other diabetes medication might be off. Elevated glucose can also stem from an infected pancreas, an overactive thyroid and certain types of tumors.
Also Check: Insulin Pump Basal Rate Calculator
Blood Glucose Four Hours After Eating
Cells throughout your body work around the clock, even when you’re sleeping. Clearly, they need a steady supply of energy to keep going. To function, they rely on glucose, a simple type of carbohydrate.
Video of the Day
Glucose enters your bloodstream until the hormone insulin comes around to help cells use or store the circulating glucose. Your blood sugar may go up a bit after eating, but if it’s still high four hours after your meal, or if it drops too low, something is awry in your body.
Is 160 Blood Sugar High After Eating
How Long Does It Take Insulin To Lower Blood Sugar, Is 160 Blood Sugar High After Eating, Normal Blood Sugar Levels, What Is Normal Blood Sugar.
Personalized nutrition makes room on your unique variations and takes your individuality under consideration The greatest way to find your good food plan is to test completely different approaches, experiment, work with a dietitian, and Low Blood Sugar use information such as glucose monitoring to evaluate if one thing is working or not If for no different cause, preserving these markers of high blood glucose in thoughts might help you determine it extra shortly in yourself Yet, studies counsel diets lacking micronutrients like chromium, magnesium, or vitamin D might contribute to excessive blood glucose An A1C end result that s below 57 is regular by the CDC s standards, however having a end result under that quantity isn t the top of the story.
Type 1 diabetes develops most frequently in younger folks however also can appear in adults Other Is 160 Blood Sugar High After Eating symptoms of Results of blood sugar for a diabetic diabetic ketoacidosis include nausea, problem respiratory, an altered mental state and a fruity odor on the breath You and your healthcare staff can then look again over your results to see if you have What does low blood sugar mean in newborns to modify your therapy.
You May Like: How To Measure Blood Glucose
Choose The Right Medication
Two classes of injectable hormones, GLP-1 receptor agonists and amylin mimetics, have powerful effects on post-meal blood sugar. Both GLP-1s and Symlin slow gastric emptying and keep carbohydrates from raising the blood sugar too quickly after meals. Symlin, which is a replacement for the amylin hormone , also helps to diminish appetite and blunt post-meal glucagon secretion. GLP-1s blunts appetite and promote the growth of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas of those with type-2. So both can contribute to better post-meal blood sugar control.
For type-2s, the choice of oral medication can also impact your after-meal control. Sulfonylureas stimulate the pancreas to secrete extra insulin throughout the day, without regard to meal timing. There are alternative medications called meglitinides which also stimulate the pancreas but do so in a much faster and shorter manner. When taken at mealtimes, meglitinides produce better after-meal control than sulfonylureas.
How To Measure Your Spikes
The American Diabetes Association recommends you check your blood sugar levels right before mealtime with a blood sample from a finger stick. Then do it again 1 to 2 hours after that first bite of food.
Keep this up for a week or so. Write down the time and the blood sugar number. Make a note about anything you think might affect your levels, like medicine or exercise. And don’t forget to log exactly what you ate, along with portion sizes and the amount of carbs.What levels are too high after a meal? Experts vary on what the number should be, but the ADA says a general goal is a blood sugar level under 180 mg/dL, 1 to 2 hours after a meal. Talk to your doctor about what you should aim for, and don’t adjust your medicine without speaking to them first.
Don’t Miss: Type 2 Diabetes Occurs When
Keeping Your Levels In Range
If you have diabetes, keeping your blood glucose within normal range after a high-carbohydrate meal can be difficult. The type of carbohydrates you choose can make a difference in your blood sugar. Complex carbohydrates, which must be broken down into simple sugars before your body can absorb them, slow the absorption process and help stabilize your blood sugars. The glycemic index defines carbohydrates by their absorption rate. Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index, less than 45, cause a slow steady rise in blood glucose. Whole grains such as oats, wheat, barley, brown rice and lesser known grains such as quinoa help keep your levels within range. Foods high in fiber, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, also slow digestion and help stabilize blood glucose after meals. Exercise can also help slow digestion and stabilize peaks in glucose.
The Danger Of Low Blood Sugar
Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, can become a lot more dangerous more quickly. Hypoglycemia, if left untreated, can quickly result in diabetic coma and death.
Low blood sugars will not lead to permanent complications in most cases but cause frequent, short-term complications in the form of being physically unable to function when experiencing a low. They require fast-acting glucose as treatment.
Symptoms of low blood sugar can hit different people at different times, and some people may not feel their low blood sugars at all , which can be very dangerous.
Continuous glucose monitoring systems and diabetes alert dogs can help people detect their lows earlier, before they become extremely dangerous.
Hypo unawareness occurs in about 40% of people with type 1 diabetes, and less frequently in people with type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, one study showed that the average person with type 1 diabetes experiences two episodes of low blood sugar per week!
Low blood sugars can happen for many reasons, all of which result from too much insulin in the bloodstream and not enough glucose for the body to function properly.
Reasons can be anything from taking too much insulin for food, to accidentally over-bolusing with an insulin pump, to not finishing a meal, to drinking alcohol in excess, or even after physical exertion and exercise while not reducing basal insulin settings appropriately.
Don’t Miss: Freestyle Libre With Insulin Pump
Choose The Right Insulin
The right insulin can make or break your ability to control those after-meal spikes. In general, insulin that works quickly and for a short period of time will work better than those that work slowly over a long period of time.
For instance, rapid-acting insulin analogs will cover the post-meal blood sugar rise much better than regular insulin. Newer ultra-rapid insulins, such as Fiasp, work even faster.
The way insulin is administered can dramatically affect its speed of action. Afrezza is an inhaled insulin that can be used at mealtimes. Because the dry powder is absorbed through the lungs, its onset and peak are much earlier than injected insulin. For those who dont mind a twinge of pain, injecting insulin into muscle will also make it absorb and act much quicker than injecting it into the fat layer below the skin.
Research has also shown that injected insulin can work much faster when the injection site is warmed by rubbing the site, immersing in warm water, or exercising the muscle near the site. Warming the site causes the blood vessels near the skin to dilate, which allows the insulin to absorb more quickly. By the way, smoking causes the blood vessels to constrict, so quitting smoking might improve your post-meal blood sugar .
What Is Considered High Blood Sugar
Blood sugar levels are considered high in people with diabetes once theyre more than the recommended 120 mg/dL, however, having a blood sugar of 145 mg/dL usually wont cause any problems .
For most people, high blood sugars become symptomatic once the blood sugar level reaches between 180-200 mg/dL.
Blood sugars above 200 mg/dL need to be treated immediately with insulin , and any blood sugar over 250 mg/dL requires that you do a urine test for ketones, to make sure youre not spiraling into diabetic ketoacidosis .
This is when the bodys blood turns acidic due to prolonged, dangerously high blood sugar levels and ketones in the blood. This can be fatal if not treated immediately.
This can occur when one is sick or battling an infection, due to a pump infusion site failure or even if you forgot to take your insulin for a few days.
Unfortunately, about 25% of newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed when they are already in DKA.
If you are experiencing a blood sugar higher than 250 mg/dL along with moderate to high ketones for several hours and cannot get your blood sugar down, contact your doctor immediately and seek emergency medical attention.
People with diabetes are at heightened risk of falling into a diabetic coma from high blood sugar once their blood sugar levels reach 600 mg/dL or higher.
This is a true medical emergency, is extremely dangerous, and can be life-threatening. If you are in this situation, you should call 911.
Don’t Miss: Why Use An Insulin Pump
Jamun Seed Powder ~ Diet For Diabetics
I am sure as a kid you would remember eating this delicious fruit! For me, the memories were mostly on the lines of climbing the branches of a very huge tree in our friend’s house. And watching my friends climb up the tree while I wait eagerly down for my share of plum, juicy Nava Pazham. I wasn’t big on climbing trees, so I allowed myself just the share of playing the guard and share the bounty with them.
Somehow our memories of our wonderful childhood never leave us right. Though after so many years, I could very well lay hands on even plumper and juicer Jamuns, those from memory refuses to pass. And every time I pop in one to enjoy those memories of a 7 yrs old comes back haunting! And to imagine those lovely ones are not only tasty but are so healthy makes it all the more dear.
As part of the diet for diabetics, Jamuns are one of the fruits that a diabetic can eat without hesitation. Not only is the fruit so healthy, but the Jamun seed powder is also very good for diabetes.
“Jambul is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae native to Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Indonesia. It is also known as Jamun, Nerale Hannu, Njaval, Jamblang, Jambolan, Black Plum, Damson Plum, Duhat Plum, Jambolan Plum, Java Plum or Portuguese Plum. “Malabar plum” may also refer to other species of Syzygium.
Let’s see how we can prepare this powder.
There are two ways of making this powder, one with drying in sun and the other without by dry roast the seeds.