Tuesday, May 14, 2024

What Can Type 2 Diabetes Do To Your Body

Must read

Why You May Need More Medication Over Time

Type 2 Diabetes: How can high glucose levels harm your body?

After your initial diagnoses of type 2 diabetes, you may notice that its harder to reach your diabetes treatment targets even though your medication, exercise routine, diet, or other things you do to manage your diabetes hasnt changedand thats normal. Every so often, your routine to manage your diabetes will likely need to be adjusted. You might start managing your diabetes with diet and exercise alone, but, over time, will have to progress to medication, and further down the line you might need to take a combination of medications, including insulin.

Switching from taking an medications other than insulin, like metformin, to insulin can make you feel like you havent been doing enough to manage your diabetes. But this isnt true. Your body changes as it ages and diabetes is a progressive disease, so your need for different medications and treatments also changes.

While you may have to adjust your treatment plan and medications as your body changes and your diabetes progresses, it to helps prevent complications and helps you stay as healthy as possible.

Open Sores And Wounds

Having high blood sugar for a long time can lead to poor circulation and nerve damage. You may have developed these if youve had uncontrolled diabetes for a long time.

Poor circulation and nerve damage can make it hard for your body to heal wounds. This is especially true on the feet. These open wounds are called diabetic ulcers.

Diabetes and feet

  • Get immediate medical care for an open sore or wound.
  • Work with your doctor to better control your diabetes.

What Are The First Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes

Many people with type 2 diabetes do not experience any symptoms at first and it may go undiagnosed for years. If they do have symptoms, these may include:

  • being very thirsty
  • having cuts that heal slowly

Over time, diabetes can lead to complications, which can then cause other symptoms.

Blood glucose testing is important for detecting pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes before complications arise.

Don’t Miss: How Can I Know If I Am Diabetic

What Are Key Differences Between Type 1 Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes

When comparing type 1 vs type 2 diabetes, there are a few major differences:

  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. You cant reverse type 1 diabetes, you can only manage it. Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with effective intervention and lifestyle changes.

  • In type 1 diabetes, your pancreas is unable to produce insulin, whereas in type 2 diabetes, your insulin production is limited, and the response of your body to that insulin is decreased.

  • A person with type 1 diabetes could die without their insulin medication. A person with type 2 diabetes should avoid treatment with insulin, unless their pancreas is completely failing.

How Diabetes Affects The Eyes

The Effects of Diabetes on Your Body

A relatively common complication of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy

As with all complications, this condition is brought on by a number of years of poorly controlled or uncontrolled diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy has a number of symptoms

Retinopathy is caused by blood vessels in the back of the eye swelling and leaking. High blood pressure is also a contributing factor for diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy can be treated so its best to catch it as early as you can. The best way to do this is to attend a retinopathy screening appointment, provided free on the NHS, once each year.

Also Check: Fruits For Type 1 Diabetes

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes develops when the pancreas makes less insulin than the body needs, and the body cells stop responding to insulin. They dont take in sugar as they should. Sugar builds up in your blood. When cells dont respond to insulin, this is called insulin resistance. It’s usually caused by:

  • Lifestyle factors, including obesity and a lack of exercise.
  • Genetics, or abnormal genes, that prevent cells from working as they should.

About Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is usually a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood glucose level to become too high.

The hormone insulin produced by the pancreas is responsible for controlling the amount of glucose in the blood

There are two main types of diabetes:

  • type 1 where the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin
  • type 2 where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin

This topic is about type 2 diabetes.

Read more about type 1 diabetes

Another type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, occurs in some pregnant women and tends to disappear after birth.

You May Like: Insulin Pump That Checks Blood Sugar

Heart And Blood Vessel Disease

People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop heart disease or a stroke compared to people without diabetes. Over time, uncontrolled blood glucose levels can damage your blood vessels. Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, and related blood vessel diseases encompass several different health conditions.

What Does Diabetes Do To The Body

How Diabetes Can Affect Your Body

04-Oct-2018 | Virgilio Converse

That’s the story so far. The real time & maxx lotions & foot cream have become my favorite otc medicine for pain relief. Talk about an induction of energetic stress. Every time she was checked and poked and prodded she cried and cried. Syncope and why do these patients pass out. So i’ve been trying to fnd where i can buy a packet of sugar kiss seeds. ” — joan salge blake, author of “nutrition & you” and clinical associate professor at boston university.

It is easy to imagine that any difference in insect damage between american and princeton elms could be caused, not by the genetic differences between the strains, but by a confounding variable: age, fungicide treatment, fertilizer, water, pruning, or something else. The participants had had type 2 diabetes for up to three years, and managed their diabetes with diet alone or with one or two drugs. Eggs from older women do not fertilize as well as those of. We believe the resulting imbalance in their inner ecosystems is behind most of the allergies and sensitivities today. Comes up a lot in discussions of modeling, and a lot of misinformation gets. If so, you have oral yeast overgrowth and/or your digestion and detoxification systems are not working properly.

Recommended Reading: Which Is Worse Type 1 Diabetes Or Type 2 Diabetes

Good News About Managing Type 2 Diabetes

The good news is that if you eat healthier carbohydrates and more fiber, blood sugar drops. And exercise can increase the insulin sensitivity of muscles, which will then absorb more blood sugar. If diet and exercise alone won’t do it, there are drugs that boost the muscle’s sensitivity to insulin and curb blood sugar.

In the past 10 years a slew of new drugs have come on the market that control blood sugar in new and innovative ways. Blood-sugar testing has made huge strides toosome monitors now require only tiny amounts of blood and give results in seconds.

So much of this illness is under the patient’s control. But having that much control over a disease isn’t a cakewalk. You may need to battle psychological demons to remain motivated over the long haul and learn how to live with diabetes and still feel alive.

“The good news is that with diabetes, 90% is up to the patient,” says Yvonne Thigpen, the diabetes program coordinator at Mount Clemens Regional Medical Center in Michigan. “The bad news is that 90% of diabetes management is up to them.”

If A Complication Is Suspected

If you or your healthcare provider thinks there is a problem, a conversation about an action plan is in order. This may lead to specific questions regarding your symptoms or certain exams, tests, or procedures.

The good news is that with attention to diabetes management, many complications can be prevented, delayed, identified early, and/or successfully treated. Some diabetes complications require more care and treatment than others.

Its important to communicate with your healthcare provider concerning your diagnosis and treatment and follow any recommendations set out in your care plan.

Your primary care health professional may refer you to a diabetes specialist, such as an endocrinologist, to better manage your condition. You may be referred to other specialists depending on the complication, such as a podiatrist, ophthalmologist, nephrologist, or dermatologist.

Read Also: Medicine From Canada For Diabetes

Can Obesity Cause Type 2 Diabetes

How we understand and type 2 diabetes matters as they are the most widespread metabolic disorders. Though theyre separate conditions, they often overlap.

Weight and nutrition specialist Caroline Apovian, MD, explains, Although lifestyle is very important for both obesity treatment and diabetes, there are people who never develop obesity, and there are people who do have obesity for whom lifestyle changes dont always work, because obesity is a disease and the body defends a higher body weight set point. Even after weight loss, the hormonal changes involved in obesity can force a patient to regain the weight.

Type 2 diabetes patients did not bring it on themselves, emphasizes diabetes and metabolism expert Elena Christofides, MD. This is not a moral failing.

But both the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is increasing. Why? Researchers believe its our environment. There has been an increased availability of high-fat, high-sugar, highly processed foods. These foods often contain other non-food items.

Some of these ingredients have been found to act as endocrine disrupters and change the way our bodies store fat and process energy. While there have not been sufficient studies to prove a causal relationship, most doctors and nutritionists recommend avoiding them.

Insulin Resistance And Hyperglycemia

Is Type 2 Diabetes Curable? (8 Things You Should Know)

Increased blood glucose levels after eating induce insulin production and secretion by islet cells into the blood. The binding of insulin and insulin receptors in cell membranes induces glucose transporter translocation to the cell membrane and increases glucose uptake by the cells, resulting in decreased glucose levels in the blood. Failure of the pancreas to produce sufficient insulin, improper insulin action, or both, results in hyperglycemia. This is associated with damage and failure of various organs and tissues in the long term.

Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor – in adipose tissue of obese mice were shown to be associated with insulin resistance in those mice . Furthermore, interleukin -6, C-reactive protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor, and other inflammation mediators were elevated in the plasma of obese mice . TNF-, free fatty acids, diacylglyceride, ceramide, reactive oxygen species , hypoxia activate I kinase , and c-Jun N-terminal kinase I in adipose tissue and the liver induce insulin receptor substrate inhibition . Moreover, TNF- also leads to insulin resistance via inhibition of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma function .

Molecular mechanism of insulin resistance due to inflammation .

Recommended Reading: What Is The Average Cost Of An Insulin Pump

Sexual Function And Diabetes

Reduced blood supply and nerve damage can affect sexual function. Erectile dysfunction in men is the persistent inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. This is a common problem for men of all ages and is more common in men with diabetes. Erectile dysfunction is not a disease, but a symptom of some other problem physical, psychological or a mixture of both. Most cases of erectile dysfunction are physical, such as nerve or blood vessel damage. In women, sexual dysfunction is also reported, although there is a lack of research in this area. It is difficult to know whether this is directly related to hormonal changes such as menopause, or to diabetes.It is important to seek help from your doctor, diabetes educator or organisations such as Healthy Male Andrology Australia.

Tips For Aging Well With Type 2 Diabetes

  • Lean on your medical team, which may consist of an endocrinologist, a podiatrist, an RDE and a CDE, and other specialty health professionals. In many cases, your primary care physician will be your main healthcare provider for diabetes care.
  • Stick to your medication regimen, and be open to potential medication adjustments.
  • Take insulin if your doctor says you need it.

Everyday Health editors attend the AADEs annual meeting to connect with certified diabetes educators, registered dietitians, and people like you, who are looking for ways to better manage blood sugar, diet, medication, and more. Check out information on this years meeting in Houston.

The ADA is considered the leading nonprofit for type 1 and type 2 diabetes education. The ADA’s free yearlong program Living With Diabetes offers top-of-the-line resources for anyone new to living with diabetes. Youll get access to their newsletter, expert Q& A session, and online support system, among other perks.

One of our favorite features from the AHA is a go-to resource for preventing heart disease: Know Diabetes by Heart. The ADA-supported initiative lays out a step-by-step guide for keeping your heart healthy while living with diabetes.

For more on the association between diabetes and heart disease, check out our article “Heart Disease The Diabetes Connection.”

Read Also: What Symptoms Will A Diabetic Experience

How Type 2 Diabetes Can Damage Your Body

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes by farmaking up more than 90% of the 24 million cases in the U.S.

Experts use words like “epidemic” and “worldwide crisis” when they talk about it: Millions of people have it and a staggering number are expected to get it .

Diabetes doesn’t get the attention of, say, cancer or scary viruses. One reason might be because type 2 diabetes is so incredibly commonabout 20% of people over age 60 get it. A large chunk of the population just seems to have the genetic programming to develop the disease with age. For those who have diabetes and are over age 65, some Medicare plans have special programs to help you manage your diabetes.”

Eat Healthy Foods And Manage Your Weight

Type 2 Diabetes Signs & Symptoms (& Why They Occur) & Associated Conditions

Foods with sugar and carbohydrates can raise your blood sugar too high. Alcohol and other drinks with sugar can also raise your blood sugar. A nurse or dietitian can teach you about good food choices.

Make sure you know how to have a balanced meal with protein and fiber. Eat healthy, fresh foods as much as possible. Don’t eat too much food at one sitting. This helps keep your blood sugar in a good range.

Managing your weight and keeping a well-balanced diet are important. Some people with type 2 diabetes can stop taking medicines after losing weight . Your provider can let you know a good weight range for you.

Weight-loss surgery may be an option if you are obese and your diabetes is not under control. Your doctor can tell you more about this.

Don’t Miss: Is Bluechew Safe For Diabetics

Medicines For Type 2 Diabetes

There are many types of diabetes medications and they work in different ways to control blood glucose. If you have diabetes, over time it can change, meaning your medications may need to change too. For example, you may need more than one medication to control your blood glucose levels. Some people with type 2 diabetes may eventually need insulin to manage their condition.

If you are living with type 2 diabetes, you can join the National Diabetes Services Scheme to access support services, including free or subsidised products. Visit Diabetes Australia for information and resources.

Defects In Pathogen Recognition

Martinez et al. also reported that expression of Toll-like receptor -2 and Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein , which play role in pathogen recognition, was reduced in diabetic mice . However, several studies have shown increased expression of TLRs in neutrophils and monocytes isolated from people with diabetes . An analysis by Gupta et al. revealed that TLR expression was lower in diabetic subjects with complications and poor glycemic control but elevated in patients with well-controlled hyperglycemia without complications . Hence, the impact of hyperglycemia on TLR expression and related immunity in diabetic subjects remains unclear.

Also Check: What Is Diabetic Retinopathy With Macular Edema

What Does Diabetes Insipidus Do To The Body

Sometimes they dont want to eat at all. Bernen medical’s fifty employees are dedicated to seeing that the quality and scope of health care products and services we provide continue to enhance the totality of care in the area. Sometimes, a healthy diet and regular exercise just aren’t enough to attain healthy cholesterol levels. Fiber keeps you feeling fuller, longer, in addition to providing a number of other health benefits. Heres a link to check it out: https://www. We went to the hospital about a week ago and they said the diabetes had affected a nerve on the right eye. A person shall report a diagnosis of insulin-treated diabetes or an episode, in writing, to the department as follows:. This is because your body uses up your insulin faster.

We have formulated drsi restore. Ultimately, you have to choose a dog food recipe that suites your lifestyle and budget. Whole foods are essential and to make it ideal will be a supplement of protein powder to achieve the weight gain you desire. Elevated levels of triglycerides make people sick, so i would start with berberine. ” and you have a kid, you will give birth to a future scientist who cures aids, or cancer, or ms, or any number of diseases i would willingly have cured far before mine. Already have a weakened immune system . The cystic fibrosis foundation recommends both shortâterm and longâacting insulin therapy when cystic fibrosisârelated diabetes has been diagnosed.

What Damage Does Diabetes Do To The Body

What Should A Type 2 Diabetes Meal Plan Include

Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

Ask your healthcare provider or a nutritionist to recommend a meal plan thats right for you. In general, a Type 2 diabetes meal plans should include:

  • Lean proteins: Proteins low in saturated fats include chicken, eggs and seafood. Plant-based proteins include tofu, nuts and beans.
  • Minimally processed carbohydrates: Refined carbs like white bread, pasta and potatoes can cause your blood sugar to increase quickly. Choose carbs that cause a more gradual blood sugar increase such as whole grains like oatmeal, brown rice and whole-grain pasta.
  • No added salt: Too much sodium, or salt, can increase your blood pressure. Lower your sodium by avoiding processed foods like those that come in cans or packages. Choose salt-free spices and use healthy oils instead of salad dressing.
  • No added sugars: Avoid sugary foods and drinks, such as pies, cakes and soda. Choose water or unsweetened tea to drink.
  • Non-starchy vegetables: These vegetables are lower in carbohydrates, so they dont cause blood sugar spikes. Examples include broccoli, carrots and cauliflower.

Also Check: Grams Of Sugar Per Day For Diabetic

More articles

Popular Articles