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Which Is Worse Type 1 Diabetes Or Type 2 Diabetes

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Whats The Life Expectancy For A Person With Either Type Of Diabetes

Which is worse Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes? – Dr. Nagaraj S

This depends upon the individual, including any other health conditions that are present and whether complications of diabetes have developed. Because of the development of complications, studies have shown that on average, those with type 1 diabetes have a life expectancy that is still 12 years below the average. Other studies have showed that type 2 diabetes also reduces average life expectancy. Its important to remember that these are only averages based upon people who have had diabetes in the past and may be affected by including people who do not receive medical care or who have poor control over their diabetes. Advances in modern treatments are likely to reduce these gaps, and taking steps to make sure your diabetes is well controlled and leading a healthy lifestyle can further reduce the risk of death from complications.

Medically Reviewed on 11/23/2020

What Happens When You Have Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it means you have too much glucose in your blood. This is the same for both types. But the difference between them is how this happens.

If you have type 1 diabetes, it means you have an autoimmune condition. This means your body has attacked and destroyed the cells that make a hormone called insulin. So you cant make insulin anymore.

We all need insulin as it helps take the glucose from our blood into our bodys cells. We then use this glucose for energy. Without insulin, the glucose level in your blood gets too high.

Type 2 diabetes is different. If youve got type 2, either your body doesnt make enough insulin, or your insulin doesnt work properly. This is known as insulin resistance. Like type 1, this means the level of glucose in your blood is too high.

Can Either Type Of Diabetes Be Prevented

There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, and for some people, it might not be possible to prevent the development of type 2. For others, maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and a healthy, balanced diet may help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and thus preserve health.

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Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels

If you have type 2 diabetes, your GP or diabetes care team will need to take a reading of your blood glucose level about every two to six months.

This will show how stable your glucose levels have been in the recent past and how well your treatment plan is working.

The HbA1c test is used to measure blood glucose levels over the previous two to three months.

HbA1c is a form of haemoglobin, the chemical that carries oxygen in red blood cells, which also has glucose attached to it.

A high HbA1c level means that your blood glucose level has been consistently high over recent weeks, and your diabetes treatment plan may need to be changed.

Your diabetes care team can help you set a target HbA1c level to aim for. This will usually be less than 53 mmol/mol or individualised as agreed with your diabetes team.

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Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes: Brighter days and dimmer evenings shown to ...

By | Submitted On May 15, 2009

Diabetes is increasingly becoming more common these days as the number of people diagnosed every year increased by 48% between 1980 and 1994 and nearly all the new cases are Type 2 Diabetes. This is not only a pandemic, but also one that needs to be found a cure.

As you may, or may not, already know, Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes that can actually be cured with a little bit of effort. It is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes and it affects 90-95% of the entire 21 million person community who is unfortunate enough to have it.

Some of the symptoms include:*Frequent urination*Irritability*Blurry vision

The vast difference between people with Type 1 diabetes as opposed to Type 2 is the fact that those people with Type 1 are resistant to insulin and are not able to produce it naturally….at all. They are also considered to have a type of autoimmune disease because their body disables their own defenses of the cells that are needed to produce said insulin.

People with Type 2 Diabetes produce insulin via their pancreas, which separates them from Type 1 . However, the difference is that for people with Type 2, the insulin is either not enough or the body simply ignores it and is not properly used because they are resistant to it as well.

It’s important to arm yourself with the knowledge required to defeat Diabetes and start living a better life without the chains or disease.

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How Do The Treatments For Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Differ

Type 1 treatment: Insulin is the treatment of choice for type 1 diabetes, because the body responds appropriately to insulin and the problem is a lack of insulin production by the pancreas.

Type 2 treatment: Treatment for type 2 is more complicated due to the fact that the body may produce enough insulin but not be able to use this insulin effectively. For many people with prediabetes or early stage type 2, lifestyle modifications may be sufficient to control the problem. These can include regular physical activity, weight loss, and following a healthy diet plan to avoid becoming obese.

When lifestyle changes are not enough to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2, medications may be added. There are a great many types, or classes, of drugs that are used to treat this form of the disease, and there are too many to list. These drugs often are used in combination. The classes of drugs include:

Is Diabetes Treatment Different Too

A good diabetes diet and regular exercise matters for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, Knapp explains. The big difference is that everybody with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin, she says. People with type 1 diabetes need to check their blood sugar level with a device called a glucometer about four times a day to know how much insulin to take.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes also starts with diet and exercise, and oral medication can also be used to increase the amount of insulin the pancreas makes, Knapp says. Over time, if the pancreas stops making insulin, some people with type 2 will also need insulin. People with type 2 diabetes also need to check their blood sugar, from one to several times a day, depending on their state of health.

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How Does Diabetes Affect The Body

There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your bodys cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key. Insulin is that key.

People with type 1 diabetes dont produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key.

People with type 2 diabetes dont respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often dont make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also experience irritability, mood changes, and unintentional weight loss.

People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet. Good glucose management significantly reduces the risk of developing numbness and tingling in someone with type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association .

Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they present in very different ways.

Many people with type 2 diabetes wont have symptoms for many years, and their symptoms often develop slowly over the course of time. Some people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all and dont discover they have the condition until complications arise.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have similar names, but theyre different diseases with unique causes.

Does Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes Need Insulin

Diabetes 1 and 2 – Which Diabetes is Worse? | Hands on Review

People with Type 1 diabetes are considered to have insulin-dependent diabetes as they will always require insulin to manage their blood sugar levels. Some people with Type 2 diabetes are dependent on insulin, but others manage it by following a healthy lifestyle and using medication without insulin.

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Are The Same Tests Used To Diagnose Both Types

A fasting blood sugar measurement can be used to diagnose any type of diabetes. This test measures the level of sugar in the bloodstream in the morning before eating breakfast. Normal fasting plasma glucose levels are less than 100 milligrams per deciliter . Fasting plasma glucose levels of more than 126 mg/dl on two or more tests on different days indicate diabetes. A random blood glucose test can also be used to diagnose diabetes. A blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes.

Another test that is often used is a blood test to measure levels of glycated hemoglobin . This test provides a measure of the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months. Other names for the A1C test are HbA1C and glycosylated hemoglobin test.

Tests to identify the abnormal antibodies produced by the immune system are used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. Some of the antibodies seen in type 1 diabetes include anti-islet cell antibodies, anti-insulin antibodies and anti-glutamic decarboxylase antibodies.

Type 1 treatment: Insulin is the treatment of choice for type 1 diabetes, because the body responds appropriately to insulin and the problem is a lack of insulin production by the pancreas.

Is Type 1 Or 2 Diabetes Worse

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Type 2 diabetes is often milder than type 1. But it can still cause major health complications, especially in the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Type 2 also raises your risk of heart disease and stroke.Read more

  • Which is worse Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes? – Dr. Nagaraj S

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Impact Of Type 2 Diabetes

As stated above, type 2 diabetes can lead to a greater chance of health problems which could in some cases affect your ability to work and could therefore affect your personal income.

Another factor to bear in mind is that increased care may be needed, from your family or from a carer, particularly as you get older.

With the right support and good diabetes management, the potential negative effects of type 2 diabetes can be minimised.

What Is Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 Diabetes Rates Rising In Young Adults

Diabetes mellitus, also called diabetes, is a term for several conditions involving how your body turns food into energy.

When you eat a carbohydrate, your body turns it into a sugar called glucose and sends that to your bloodstream. Your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that helps move glucose from your blood into your cells, which use it for energy.

When you have diabetes and donât get treatment, your body doesnât use insulin like it should. Too much glucose stays in your blood, a condition usually called high blood sugar. This can cause health problems that may be serious or even life-threatening.

Thereâs no cure for diabetes. But with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can live a long, healthy life.

Diabetes comes in different forms, depending on the cause.

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Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

First line treatment for type 2 diabetes typically includes a combination of diet modification with regular and appropriate exercise.

The NICE guidelines state that treatment for type 2 diabetes should take into account an individuals needs and preferences into account. People with diabetes should be given the opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and work together with healthcare professionals.

The NICE guidelines encourage having high-fibre, low-glycemic-index carbohydrate in the diet. This allows a good amount of flexibility and it is possible to follow a range of diets, including lower-carb and low-calorie, whilst ensuring you get a good source of low-GI foods such as vegetables, beans and pulses.

Your health team should help you with setting recommendations for carbohydrate and alcohol intake that work for you.

Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. This means that your body attacks itself if you have it.

The bodys immune system does not recognize the beta cells in your pancreas and attacks them. These cells are responsible for producing insulin. When your body attacks them, it leaves you unable to process glucose correctly.

Without the insulin to convert glucose into energy for your cells, the sugar you eat remains in your bloodstream.

Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults. It has no relation to your body weight.

Unlike those of type 2, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes can appear suddenly and include:

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are very similar to those of type 1. In addition to the symptoms associated with type 1, type 2 diabetes might lead to:

  • Frequent infections
  • Tingling, numbness, or pain in hands, feet, or legs

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Is Type 1 Diabetes Worse Than Type 2 Diabetes

The way we think about type 1 and type 2 diabetes has changed dramatically over the past 20 to 30 years. Both types and their associated risk factors can be treated successfully today. Having type 1 diabetes is no longer considered to be a death sentence. There are so many approved treatment options, including fast- and long-acting insulin analogs, pumps, pens, and continuous glucose monitors. It is now possible to reduce swings in blood sugar levels and get the A1c to goal while reducing episodes of hypoglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is now considered an extremely serious condition associated with a very high rate of heart disease. In fact, it is estimated that four out of five people with type 2 diabetes will die from cardiovascular disease — and not the eye, kidney, and nerve disease that we commonly associate with diabetes complications. This content originally appeared in the Taking Control of Your Diabetes newsletter on tcoyd.org.Continue reading > >

The Nhs And Type 2 Diabetes

Which Is Worse, Type 1 or Type 2?

Type 2 diabetes is already one of the most common long term health conditions and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the UK is growing year on year.

The cost of treating a growing number of people with type 2 diabetes, and the health complications associated with the condition, is estimated to cost the NHS around £12 billion a year on direct and indirect care.

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What Problems Can Happen With Type 2 Diabetes

Sometimes, kids and teens with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or obesity might develop thick, dark, velvet-like skin around the neck, armpits, groin, between fingers and toes, or on elbows and knees a cosmetic skin condition called acanthosis nigricans. This skin darkening can lighten over time with improvement in insulin resistance.

Polycystic ovary syndrome in girls is also often associated with insulin resistance. This hormone problem can make the ovaries become enlarged and develop cysts . Girls with PCOS might have irregular periods, might stop having periods, and may have excess facial and body hair growth. It also can cause fertility problems.

People with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes are also more likely to develop hypertension or abnormal levels of blood fats . When these problems cluster together, it’s called metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome are at risk for heart disease, stroke, and other health problems.

Diabetes also can cause heart disease and stroke, as well as other long-term complications, including eye problems, kidney disease, nerve damage, and gum disease. While these problems don’t usually show up in kids or teens who’ve had type 2 diabetes for only a few years, they can affect them in adulthood, particularly if their diabetes isn’t well controlled.

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Who Gets Type 2 Diabetes

No one knows for sure what causes type 2 diabetes. But many kids who develop it have at least one parent with diabetes and a family history of the disease, so there seems to be a genetic risk.

Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Excess fat makes it harder for the cells to respond to insulin, and not being physically active makes this even worse. Type 2 diabetes used to mostly affect adults, but now more and more U.S. kids and teens, especially those who are overweight, are developing the disease.

Also, kids in puberty are more likely to have it than younger kids, probably because of normal rises in hormone levels that can cause insulin resistance during this stage of fast growth and physical development.

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How Is Type 1 Diabetes Treated

Type 1 diabetes needs lifelong treatment because there is no cure yet. Doctors treat type 1 diabetes using a diabetes care plan. The care plan tells you and your child the things to do every day to help keep blood sugar levels in a healthy range.

Each childs diabetes care plan is made just for them. But all plans have the same 4 basic parts:

  • take insulin
  • eat a healthy, balanced diet that includes counting carbohydrates
  • check blood sugar levels at least 4 times a day
  • get regular physical activity

Following the diabetes care plan helps kids stay healthy, now and into the future.

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