Humalog Patient Information Including Side Effects
Brand Names: Humalog, Humalog Cartridge, Humalog KwikPen, Humalog Pen Generic Name: insulin lispro What is the most important information I should know about insulin lispro ? What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using insulin lispro ? What is insulin lispro ? Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the body. It works by lowering levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin lispro is a fast-acting form of insulin. Insulin lispro is used to treat type 1 diabetes in adults. It is usually given together with another long-acting insulin. Insulin lispro is also used together with oral medications to treat type 2 diabetes in adults. Insulin lispro may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. What are the possible side effects of insulin lispro ? Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of insulin allergy: itching skin rash over the entire body, wheezing, trouble breathing, fast heart rate, sweating, or feeling like you might pass out. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is the most common side effect of insulin lispro. Symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, trouble concentrating, confusion, or seizure . Watch for signs of low blood sugar. Carry a piece of non-dietetic hard candy or glucose tablets with you in case you have low blood sugar. Insulin lispro cContinue reading > >
How Can I Deal With An Insulin Reaction
People who have diabetes should carry at least 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate with them at all times in case of hypoglycemia or an insulin reaction. The following are examples of quick sources of energy that can relieve the symptoms of an insulin reaction:
- Non-diet soda: ½ to ¾ cup.
- Fruit juice: ½ cup.
- Fruit: 2 tablespoons of raisins.
- Candy: 5 Lifesavers.
- Glucose tablets: 3 tablets .
If you dont feel better 15 minutes after having a fast-acting carbohydrate, or if monitoring shows that your blood sugar level is still too low, have another 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate.
Teach your friends, work colleagues, and family members how to treat hypoglycemia, because sometimes you may need their help. Also, keep a supply of glucagon on hand. Glucagon comes in a kit with a powder and a liquid that you must mix together and then inject. It will raise your blood sugar level. If you are unconscious, or you cant eat or drink, another person can give you a shot of glucagon. Talk to your doctor to learn when and how to use glucagon.
What Lifestyle Changes Are Important
Exercise is a natural way to lower blood sugar, particularly in patients with diabetes who are overweight or obese. A March 2021 International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education study found that after two months of physical exercise, participants experienced a “very significant decrease in blood sugar,” with results as effective whether exercise was performed in short bursts or extended periods of time.
Blood sugar may drop during and after exercise, so it may be necessary to have a sugar source within reach after exercising in order to bring your blood sugar back up to the right level.
Even if you exercise appropriately, having a healthy diet is important as well. MedlinePlus suggests some of the following options:
- Nonfat or low-fat dairy
- Fruits and vegetables
Limit your intake of starchy vegetables, including potatoes, corn, and peas, or fruits like pineapples, grapes, and cherries. These carbohydrates break down into sugar once digested and can have an adverse effect on your blood sugar, causing it to rise, according to the ADA.
With the diet above, you may experience both weight loss and weight gain. “Weight gain is the first sign that your diabetes is under control, whether it’s with oral agents or insulin, because your body starts being able to process sugar again,” said Dr. Weiss.
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How Do I Use An Insulin Pen
Select a clean, dry work area. The supplies you will need include:
- The prescribed insulin pen
- Pen needles and alcohol wipes
- A container for used equipment. You can use a hard plastic container with a screw-on or tight lid, or a commercial sharps container.
Here are the steps you will take:
Know That When You Check Your Blood Sugar The Number Tells Us How Well Your Last Dose Of Insulin Worked
For example, meal rapid-acting insulin peaks in 1 to 2 hours and lasts 3 to 4 hours. Your blood sugar taken 2 hours after the meal tells us how well the peak of the insulin covered the peak of the blood sugar after you ate. Your blood sugar taken before the next meal tells us how well the insulin worked during the time your carbohydrate was breaking down.
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Summary Of Instructions Of Insulin Treatment For Your Dog:
Read and reread this material so that you understand the specifics of proper regulation and how to recognize and treat hypoglycemia.
Purchase the supplies for treatment. Your prescription will specify the type of insulin and syringes as well as the appropriate home glucose monitoring device and test strips.
Your veterinarian will recommend the glucometer that is best for your pet and can coach you on how to get a tiny blood sample to use in the glucometer. You cannot use another brand of test strips in the animal-approved glucose meter.
Type of insulin: ______________________________________
How Often Should I Test My Blood Sugar
The frequency of testing will depend on your health status and activities during the day. Initially, you may be advised to check your blood glucose three to four times a day. As a starting point, check in with your healthcare team about how often to check your blood sugar. Many people test before meals, exercise, bedtime, and one to two hours after meals to ensure that they bolused their insulin correctly. Over time, your fasting, pre-meal, and post-meal blood glucose levels will help you figure out how to adjust your insulin doses.
Continuous glucose monitors are particularly useful for tracking changes in glucose levels throughout the day. Some CGM devices also connect with an insulin pump to automatically adjust insulin delivery. After you start a treatment plan, the goal for most people is to spend as much time as possible in their target range. Talk with your healthcare professional about starting CGM and developing glucose targets.
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What Is Diabetes Mellitus
In dogs, diabetes mellitus is caused by the failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar. This is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus . This type of diabetes usually results from destruction of most or all of the beta-cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. As the name implies, dogs with this type of diabetes require insulin injections to stabilize blood sugar levels.
Insulin Sensitivity And Your Dose
You may hear your healthcare professional talk about insulin sensitivity. This is how well your body is using insulin to get your blood sugar levels down. People with high sensitivity need less insulin than those with low sensitivity.
Your healthcare professional can test you for insulin sensitivity, and this will help them decide what dose of insulin you will need, and if insulin of you need it at all.
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Why Do Some People Need To Take Insulin
Insulin is a hormone that helps sugar get into all the cells in the body for energy. Insulin is made in the pancreas and released into the blood when the glucose level goes up. Without insulin, the sugar in blood would get too high.
People with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes need to get insulin by injection or a pump every day. This is because either their pancreas cant make insulin or their cells dont respond to the insulin it does make .
People who take insulin need to check their sugars often. You can test throughout the day with a blood glucose monitor or use a continuous glucose monitor. A rise in glucose levels could be a sign that your child is not getting enough insulin. This can lead to problems like hyperglycemia and ketone production, which could become diabetic ketoacidosis if its not recognized and treated. Staying on top of sugar levels can help prevent problems now and in the future.
Humalog Question I Take Humalog Three Times A Day What Would Be Considered A High Dosage Per Injection And Total Daily 20 X 3 40 X 3
Humalog question. I take humalog three times a day. What would be considered a high dosage per injection and total daily? 20 x 3? 40 x 3? Humalog question. I take humalog three times a day. What would be considered a high dosage per injection and total daily? 20 x 3? 40 x 3? anything that equals more than your body weight in kg if you are on a pump you usually intake less per day with injections… okay. I’d say on average in taking about 55-60 units a day. my weight conversion to kg is 107kg where did you find out about the weight to units? dr? Internet? And that covers you? I have T1D 27-years I have and seen a lot in my lifetime ) yeah. I was thinking it is a lot. I am type 2. also take metgormin max dosage and lantus at jight but Lantus will cover you for 24-hrs… you probably eat a lot of carbs to need to take that much insulin per day. and mind you the more you inject the hungrier you will be its a vicious circle I am 180lbs and take about 30-35 units per day on a very low carb dietContinue reading > >
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Low Blood Glucose: Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia can occur when blood glucose drops below normal levels or drops too quickly. Your blood glucose level is too low if it is under 70 mg/dL.
Hypoglycemia can be caused by:
- A combination of these factors
- Being more active than usual
- Drinking alcohol
- Eating at the wrong time for the medications you take
- Skipping or not finishing meals or snacks
- Taking too much diabetes medication
You can have hypoglycemia without any symptoms. That makes it important to check your blood glucose levels regularly. When hypoglycemia does cause symptoms, they can include:
How Often Do You Need To Take Insulin
Your treatment plan depends on which type of diabetes you have, type 1 or type 2, and the progression of the disease.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas makes no natural insulin, so the patient must take insulin injections. The disease is a genetic condition that is typically present early in life. Additionally, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases , environmental factors like viruses might also be responsible for the development of type 1 diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, people make insulin, but it’s often not enough or their cells don’t respond properly, elevating blood sugar. Insulin injections are an option and not a requirement, depending on the specific case. Type 2 diabetes typically emerges later in life however, it can come about due to lifestyle factors and genetics as well, according to the NIDDK.
If you have type 2 diabetes, the length of time you will need to take insulin will depend on a mix of factors. “Many people can eliminate their need for insulin if they eat less, exercise more, and lose weight and if their beta cells are still functioning adequately,” said Dr. Weiss.
“People whose disease has progressed further may need to take it several times a day, typically with each meal,” he said. Whatever your specific needs are, you need to take insulin as prescribed. That doesn’t mean that you won’t miss an insulin dose from time to time, but fortunately, you can still manage your insulin level in these instances.
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Should I Sterilize The Skin With Alcohol Before Giving The Injection
No, do not swab the skin with alcohol to ‘sterilize’ it. There are four reasons:
- The smell of the alcohol can make your dog dislike the injections.
- Due to the nature of the thick hair coat and the type of bacteria that live near the skin of dogs, brief swabbing with alcohol or any other antiseptic is not effective.
- Because a small amount of alcohol can be carried through the skin by the needle, it may actually carry bacteria with it into the skin.
- If you have accidentally injected the insulin onto the surface of the skin, you will not know it. If you do not use alcohol and the skin or hair is wet following an injection, you will know that the injection was not done properly.
Although the above procedures may at first seem complicated and somewhat overwhelming, they will very quickly become second nature. Your dog will soon learn that once or twice each day it has to sit still for a few moments. In most cases, a reward of stroking results in a fully cooperative dog that eventually may not even need to be held.
What Are The Different Types Of Insulin
The key to transitioning to insulin is knowing your options. Some people taking insulin need to use both a basal and a prandial insulin each day, while others may only need to use basal insulin. Learn about your options here.
Basal insulins are designed to be injected once or twice daily to provide a constant background level of insulin throughout the day. Basal insulins help keep blood sugars at a consistent level when you are not eating and through the night but cannot cover carbohydrates eaten for meals or snacks or glucose spikes after meals.
Some people use other medications, like GLP-1 agonists, to help cover mealtimes. GLP-1/basal combination treatments for people with type 2 diabetes combine basal insulin with GLP-1 agonist medication in one daily injection. This combination can effectively lower glucose levels while reducing weight gain and risk of hypoglycemia . Learn more here.
Prandial insulins are taken before mealtime and act quickly to cover carbohydrates eaten and bring down high sugar levels following meals. Ultra-rapid-acting prandial insulins can act even more rapidly in the body to bring down glucose levels. Rapid and ultra-rapid insulins are also taken to correct high glucose levels when they occur or are still persistent a few hours after a meal.
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What Is The A1c Test
The A1C test is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 or 3 months. The test is done at a lab or your doctors office in addition tonot instead ofregular blood sugar testing you do yourself.
A1C testing is part of the ABCs of diabetesimportant steps you can take to prevent or delay health complications down the road:
- A: Get a regular A1C test.
- B: Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg .
- C: Manage your cholesterol levels.
- s: Stop smoking or dont start.
The A1C goal for most adults with diabetes is between 7% and 8%, but your goal may be different depending on your age, other health conditions, medicines youre taking, and other factors. Work with your doctor to establish a personal A1C goal for you.
How Do I Take Insulin
Insulin is normally injected under the skin with a very small needle. It can also be taken with an insulin pen. Your doctor will teach you exactly how to inject insulin, but here are the basics:
Wash your hands.
Take the plastic cover off the insulin bottle and wipe the top of the bottle with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.
Pull back the plunger of the syringe, drawing air into the syringe equal to the dose of insulin that you are taking . Put the syringe needle through the rubber top of the insulin bottle. Inject air into the bottle by pushing the syringe plunger forward. Turn the bottle upside down.
Make sure that the tip of the needle is in the insulin. Pull back on the syringe plunger to draw the correct dose of insulin into the syringe .
Make sure there are no air bubbles in the syringe before you take the needle out of the insulin bottle. If there are air bubbles, hold the syringe and the bottle straight up, tap the syringe with your finger and let the air bubbles float to the top. Push on the plunger of the syringe to move the air bubbles back into the insulin bottle. Then withdraw the correct insulin dose by pulling back on the plunger.
Clean your skin with cotton dipped in alcohol . Grab a fold of skin and inject the insulin under the skin at a 90-degree angle . PICTURE 2.
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