Try Our A1c Calculator
Not everyone loves crunching numbers, so if that formula is too much of a hassle, try our handy estimator:
Remember, you only see a rough estimate when calculating your A1C without using a proper lab test. Any calculator will use your blood glucose to estimate your A1C. As you now know, this is only a derivation and not an actual measurement.
Blood Sugar Levels Chart By Age 60 Female
As per the recommendations by Diabetes UK, here is a look at the target blood sugar levels for females who do not have diabetes:
As per the chart above, a healthy range of blood glucose in females above the age of 60 who do not have diabetes should be as per the following:
- 0 to 2 hours after the last meal was taken: 90 to 140 mg/dL
- 2 to 4 hours after the last meal was taken: 90 to 130 mg/dL
- 4 to 8 hours after the last meal was taken: 80 to 120 mg/dL
Do keep in mind that your doctor will give you the best suggestion about your target healthy blood glucose levels.
How Can I Lower My A1c
Your doctor will help you with a plan.
For people with type 2 diabetes, diet, exercise, as well as insulin and oral medications can all play a role in lowering your A1C.
Try not to think of those treatment options as a punishment. Rather, theyre a path to better diabetes management and overall healthier life.
All content on this website is for educational purposes only and does not replace the guidance of your healthcare practitioner. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new healthcare regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.
An A1c test is a valuable tool to assess how your diabetes management plan is working. But if you are accustomed to seeing your blood sugar levels represented in mg/dL or mmol/L, A1c test results can be confusing. While an online A1c calculator can seem like a quick way to gain clarity, it isnt the most reliable choice.
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Target Levels In People With Diabetes
A doctor will set a persons target A1C level based on many factors. The right target varies from person to person.
For someone with diabetes, the target A1C level may depend on:
- the persons age
- how long they have had diabetes
- their prescribed treatment plan
- any history of adverse effects from the treatment, including episodes of low blood glucose, or hypoglycemia
- any complications from diabetes
- the persons preferences and treatment priorities
In general, a doctor might recommend aiming for A1C levels under 6.5% if a person:
- is young and has a long life expectancy
- has had diabetes for a short period
- is effectively managing their diabetes with lifestyle changes or metformin alone
- is otherwise in good health
A doctor might recommend A1C targets of 7.08.5% if a person:
- is older and has a shorter life expectancy
- has had diabetes for a longer period
- has diabetes that is hard to manage, even with multiple medications
- has a history of severe hypoglycemia or other adverse effects of treatment
- has experienced complications of diabetes
- has other chronic health conditions
A person should work with their doctor to reassess and adjust their A1C targets over time. The condition and treatment goals may change.
To screen for diabetes, a doctor may order an A1C test for someone older than 45. They may also do this for younger people who have other risk factors.
After diagnosing diabetes, a doctor determines how often to test A1C levels.
Symptoms of high blood glucose levels include:
What Are Normal A1c Levels For People Who Don’t Have Diabetes
Generally, high A1c values indicate high average blood sugar levels and that a person might be at risk for or may have diabetes. The American Diabetes Association has established the following cutoffs:
Prediabetes, meaning at risk for developing type 2 diabetes
6.5% or greater
Make sure you get a regular A1c test, especially if you think you might be at risk for diabetes.
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A1c Fasting Blood Glucose Chart
Hemoglobin is the molecule within red blood cells.that carries oxygen to the bodys tissues.a small percentage of the hemoglobin has sugar attached to it, and this type of hemoglobin is known as hemoglobin a1c.. the amount of hemoglobin a1c depends on the level of sugar in the blood: the higher the blood sugar the higher is the amount of hemoglobin a1c.. How accurate is your blood glucose meter? a major study found that almost half of meters do not meet the minimum required standards: for blood sugars over 75 mg : accurate within 20%. for example, if your blood sugar is 200 mg , the meter must read between 160 and 240 at least 95% of the time. for blood sugars under 75 mg : accurate within 15 mg.. An a1c of 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent means that you have prediabetes, and youre at high risk for the development of diabetes. diabetes is diagnosed when the a1c is 6.5 percent or higher. fasting plasma glucose test a fasting plasma glucose test requires fasting for eight hours before the test..
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What Is The Normal Level Of Sugar In The Blood
According to CDC, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the following blood sugar level is the normal range that healthcare teams recommend for individuals who do not have diabetes.
|140 mg/dL or lesser||Not Applicable|
While these are the recommended blood sugar levels for those who do not have diabetes, your healthcare provider will be able to give you the best target range for your blood sugar levels, based on other factors such as your age, overall health, any medications you are on and so on.
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What Does My A1c Mean
An A1C test result is reported as a percentage. The number represents the portion of hemoglobin proteins that are glycated, or holding glucose. The higher the percentage, the higher your blood sugar levels have been over the last few months.
For diagnosing purposes, an A1C level of:
- Less than 5.7% means you dont have diabetes.
- 5.7% to 6.4% signals prediabetes.
- 6.5% or higher usually indicates Type 2 diabetes .
If you already have diabetes, an A1C result is a glimpse into how well your management plan has been working over the last three months. Management may involve oral pills, taking insulin, monitoring blood sugar levels and/or lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise. Your A1C can help you and your provider determine if you should adjust any part of your treatment plan.
Its important to remember that your A1C is just an average measurement of your blood sugar over a few months. Its not a grade or the ultimate determiner of whether youre living a healthy life. Know that your A1C will change over your lifetime and that there are steps you can take to improve your diabetes management and A1C level, if needed.
A1C and estimated average glucose
Some laboratories report your A1C results as a percentage in addition to the corresponding estimated average glucose .
For example, an A1C level of 7% equates to an eAG of 154 mg/dL . An A1C level of 9% equates to an eAG of 212 mg/dL .
What Should My Blood Sugar Levels Be
Your blood sugar targets are measured in mmol/L and will vary throughout the day.
- Generally, before meals your suggested blood sugar range should be: 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L.
- Two hours after the start of eating: 5 to 10 mmol/L .
Blood sugar targets also vary based on factors such as age or other health conditions. These targets dont apply to pregnant women or children under 12, for example. Thats why its important to follow the blood sugar targets established for you by your healthcare provider.
Is there a correlation between A1C and blood sugar levels?
Consistently high blood sugar levels will raise your A1C, while low blood sugar levels will do the opposite. The fact that A1C and blood sugar levels arent measured in the same way can be confusing.
Heres a chart to help you better understand the correlation between the two:
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Some Of The Ways Medicines Can Lower A1c Include:
- cause the liver to reduce its output of glucose
- adding insulin when the body is not producing a sufficient quantity
- reducing insulin resistance by making the body more sensitive to it’s own insulin
- cause the body to increase production of insulin
Keep in mind that illness or infection can also affect A1C. Be sure to make a note of any illnesses you may have had so you can offer your health care provider this information at your next visit.
Official Fasting Blood Sugar Ada Recommendation For Someone With Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association recommends a fasting blood sugar target of 80 to 130 mg/dl for most nonpregnant adults with diabetes. However, the fasting blood sugar target may need to be individualized for certain people based on such factors as duration of diabetes, age and life expectancy, cognitive status, other health conditions, cardiovascular complications, and hypoglycemia unawareness. Its important that people with diabetes discuss their target blood sugar goals with their health care provider.
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What Is An Estimated Average Glucose Level
Before we start talking about A1c results, we need to clear up one thing: your eAG.
Your eAG is simply your estimated average glucose level or blood sugar level.
Your eAG is another term rarely used in doctors offices, but its pretty darn important if youre trying to improve your A1c and your overall risk of diabetes complications.
We all know our blood sugar never stays put in one place for very long, so your eAG doesnt imply that your blood sugar is always that number, but instead its the middle of the overall range of your blood sugars fluctuations each day.
Okay, lets get more specific
How Often Should A1c And Blood Sugar Levels Be Measured
Keeping blood sugar levels on target is extremely important to prevent blood sugar drops and spikes that can lead to a variety of complications. For example, when your blood sugar drops too low, this can lead to hypoglycemia and when it gets too high it can lead to hyperglycemia and other complications.
Experts recommend checking your A1C every three months when your blood sugar levels are not on target or when you are incorporating any new changes to diabetes management . Once you are on target, A1C testing can happen every six months.
Checking your blood sugar at home using a blood glucose monitor is a good way to ensure you are on track. The frequency of how often you should test depends on many factors such as:
- newly diagnosed, or
- after medication changes.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your diabetes healthcare team may recommend testing as often as 4 to 10 times a day. For those living with type 2 diabetes the frequency will depend on your treatment plan but can range from testing a few times a week to several times a day. Your healthcare team will advise you on the most suitable testing frequency based on your individual situation.
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Official Hba1c Ada Recommendation For Someone With Diabetes
The American Diabetes Association recommends an HbA1C of less than 7% for most nonpregnant adults with diabetes. A lower goal, such as less than 6.5%, may be appropriate for some people who have had diabetes for a shorter amount of time, for younger people, for those without heart disease, and/or for those with type 2 diabetes treated with lifestyle or metformin only. A higher HbA1C goal, such as less than 8%, may be appropriate for people with a history of severe hypoglycemia, a limited life expectancy, advanced diabetes complications, other illnesses, or for whom a lower HbA1C goal is difficult to achieve. Its important that people with diabetes discuss their target blood sugar goals with their health care provider.
HbA1C levels should be checked between two to four times per year in people who have diabetes.
Prediabetes: The Best Time To Get Diagnosis
Prediabetes is a serious condition that gives way to the more dreaded diabetes. People with prediabetes already have an impaired fasting glucose metabolism and typically experience an increase in high blood sugar.
Prediabetes isnt considered diabetes because the blood sugar range isnt high enough to meet diabetes requirements despite being higher than normal. However, its only a matter of time before people with the condition slip into full-blown diabetes.
A staggering 96 million US adults were diagnosed with prediabetes in 2019. In a broader perspective, over one-third of adults in the country had prediabetes at the time, with projections suggesting even higher numbers in 2022.
The risk of developing diabetes after getting prediabetes is significantly high. CDC reports on prediabetes show that up to 30% of those diagnosed with prediabetes will develop diabetes in 5 years or less. Undiagnosed prediabetes patients are even more likely to slip into fully-fledged diabetes sooner.
These prediabetes-associated risks reinforce why this stage is considered the best time for people to undergo diagnosis. Notably, people in the prediabetes stage are yet to develop impaired glucose tolerance that comes with significantly high blood glucose levels. With an appropriate diagnosis, people with prediabetes can avoid falling into the diabetes range and subsequent cardiovascular disease complications that extremely high blood sugar presents.
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Average Blood Sugar To A1c Calculator
This A1C calculator might help you figure out what those mysterious numbers on your lab blood test result mean. It converts your hemoglobin A1C calculator result into your typical blood sugar level and vice versa! Youll learn what is A1C? And what usual ranges it falls into in this article. Read on to learn how to calculate A1C, the hazards of high glycated hemoglobin A1C levels, and how to reduce A1C when necessary.
You might be familiar with the term hemoglobin, which refers to the transport of oxygen. HbA1c is very similar to what you recall from biology class. Although it sounds like a robots name, its actually a type of hemoglobin that has sugar particles linked to it. We find glycated hemoglobin in everyones blood, and the amount grows as blood sugar levels rise. The A1c test measures the percentage of hemoglobin that has glucose attached to it in the lab. But why isnt the result identical to that of a basic blood sugar level test?
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Can Being Constipated Affect Your Blood Sugar A1c And Blood Sugar Chart
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How Do We Measure Blood Glucose Levels
You can check your blood sugar levels at home using a portable device called a blood glucose meter. Ideally, your blood glucose level before a meal should be between 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L. Two hours after a meal the level should be between 5.0 to 10.0 mmol/L. Find more on blood sugar level targets when you have diabetes in this article.
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Normal A1c Levels Chart For Non
According to American Diabetes Association latest guidelines 2017 and 2018,Hemoglobin A1c levels 3, 4, 5, and up to 5.7 is normal and tell that the person has no DM.Non-diabetes means your blood glucose test results are within the expected normal limits for healthy persons.The normal hemoglobin A1c means youre not diabetic or you are on the goal levels, I mean that:A1c 4.0% and A1c 5.0 means you werent diabetic and this value is the normal levels that all healthy persons must have.But A1c 5.7% means you are on the last step before prediabetes stage.
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Conversion From Old Units To New Units
In the past 15 years, to report the results from the glycated hemoglobin test a new unit has been proposed and introduced . Some countries already adopted the new unit in their lab reports, while others still stick to the old unit or use both.
While the results reported are the same, the numbers differ substantially and can create confusion. Here below you can find the conversion table from NGSP to IFCC units.