Insulin Medicines & Other Diabetes Treatments
On this page:
Taking insulin or other diabetes medicines is often part of treating diabetes. In addition to making healthy food and beverage choices, getting physical activity, getting enough sleep, and managing stress, medicines can help you manage the disease. Some other treatment options are also available.
What Should I Know About Side Effects Of Diabetes Medicines
Side effects are problems that result from taking a medicine. Some diabetes medicines can cause hypoglycemia, also called low blood glucose, if you dont balance your medicines with food and activity.
Ask your doctor whether your diabetes medicine can cause hypoglycemia or other side effects, such as upset stomach and weight gain. Aim to take your diabetes medicines as your doctor instructs you, to help prevent side effects and diabetes problems.
What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Ozempic
Ozempic® may cause serious side effects, including:
- Possible thyroid tumors, including cancer. Tell your health care provider if you get a lump or swelling in your neck, hoarseness, trouble swallowing, or shortness of breath. These may be symptoms of thyroid cancer. In studies with rodents, Ozempic® and medicines that work like Ozempic® caused thyroid tumors, including thyroid cancer. It is not known if Ozempic® will cause thyroid tumors or a type of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid carcinoma in people.
- Do not use Ozempic® if you or any of your family have ever had MTC, or if you have an endocrine system condition called Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 .
Also Check: Cvs Health True Metrix Blood Self-monitoring Glucose Meter
What Is The Safest Medication For Type 2 Diabetes
Experts consider metformin the safest medication for type 2 diabetes, even in most older individuals, since it has been in use for many decades. It is also affordable and effective.
Healthcare professionals usually prescribe metformin as the first type 2 diabetes tablet if lifestyle measures alone cannot control blood sugar levels. The drug is particularly useful for patients who are overweight since it is less likely than other glucose-lowering medicines to cause weight gain.
Metformin also has less propensity to cause low blood sugar levels than some of the other sugar-reducing medications. But it should not be used in patients with kidney dysfunction.
Can I Overdose On Oral Diabetes Medications
Always take your medications as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Read the directions carefully and follow them. If youre unsure how much youre supposed to take, call your provider.
One particular risk of taking certain oral diabetes medications is low blood sugar .
As oral diabetes medications work by lowering your blood sugar levels, if your dose is too high or you take more than whats prescribed, you could experience hypoglycemia blood sugar thats lower than 70 mg/dL. This risk is especially increased with meglitinides and sulfonylureas.
Without proper treatment, severe hypoglycemia can be life-threatening. Hypoglycemia symptoms include:
- Shaking or trembling.
You May Like: What Sugar Substitute Can Diabetics Use
When To Contact A Doctor
If a person experiences persistent side effects from taking diabetes medication, they should make an appointment with a doctor. A doctor may be able to adjust a persons medication or dose to reduce or eliminate adverse effects.
If a person feels very unwell after taking a medication, they should contact a doctor immediately. In rare cases, people can have a severe reaction to a medication. If a person has trouble breathing, collapses, has a seizure, or is unresponsive, someone near them should call 911.
A person must always wear a diabetic identification bracelet to ensure they get the correct treatment in an emergency.
Medication For Type 2 Diabetes
Making lifestyle changessuch as eating healthfully, exercising, and losing weightis the most effective way to manage type 2 diabetes and prevent complications. If these changes arent enough, NYU Langone doctors may recommend medication to control blood sugar levels.
For some people, one medication may be sufficient to lower blood sugar levels. Others may need a combination of two or more medications. Medications are most effective when combined with lifestyle changes.
Many people with type 2 diabetes need to take medication to control blood sugar levels for the rest of their lives. Sometimes, however, losing weight and improving your overall health may eventually eliminate the need for medication.
Recommended Reading: Is 141 High Blood Sugar
Eli Lilly’s Diabetes Drug Shows Statistical Reduction In Blood Sugar Levels In Children Adolescents
Eli Lilly And Co’s DINAMO Phase 3 trial met its primary endpoint by demonstrating a statistically significant reduction in HbA1c with Jardiance compared with placebo for children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes.
When Jardiance was added to other baseline treatments , HbA1c was reduced by 0.84% compared with the placebo at week 26.
The overall safety data was generally consistent with previous findings in adults with type 2 diabetes, confirming the well-established safety profile of both Jardiance and Tradjenta.
A secondary endpoint from the trial showed that at week 26, Jardiance reduced fasting plasma glucose.
Reduction in HbA1c in participants treated with Tradjenta was not statistically significant when compared with placebo. A numerical reduction of 0.34% was observed.
Last month, Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly said Jardiance slowed the progression of chronic kidney disease.
The companies said the EMPA-KIDNEY phase 3 trial met its primary endpoint by demonstrating a significant kidney and cardiovascular benefit for chronic kidney disease.
Price Action: LLY shares are up 1.10% at $372.36 on the last check Wednesday.
See more from Benzinga
Treating Type 2 Diabetes With Prescription Medication
Type 2 diabetes treatment sometimes includes medication. This is usually the next step when dietary changes, exercise, and weight loss aren’t enough to control blood sugar levels.
Some diabetes medications are taken orally, and others are injected.
Medication is not meant to be used as a substitute for healthy lifestyle changes. Because some diabetes medications can cause a drop in blood sugar before or after exercise, however, it is important to know how your body responds to exercise and how your medications may affect you.
Here are some of the drugs that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating type 2 diabetes.
Read Also: When Do You Start Taking Insulin For Diabetes
When Should I See A Doctor
You should see your healthcare professional if you have one or more risk factors of type 2 diabetes or notice symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst and hunger, unintended weight loss, and fatigue. Because this condition develops slowly and symptoms are often mild and easy to ignore, it is good to keep up with your regular check-ups.
Also, visit your doctor if you realize high blood glucose levels during home monitoring.
Some Cautions On Choosing Diabetes Medications
Patel says a setup like the one suggested by researchers would be irresponsible in practice and potentially lead to adverse outcomes.
She adds that its of utmost importance that a physician is monitoring a trial of any medication.
Patel notes that how you feel while taking a medication is not the only factor to consider.
Some medications can cause side effects, which may affect the heart, kidneys, and other organ systems, and these symptoms may not be apparent to the patient from the way they are feeling, she explained.
There are also many medications that make patients feel better but are not the right option, whether due to interactions they may have with other medications or other factors, she added.
Recommended Reading: How Does An Insulin Pump Attach
Most Diabetes Medications Effectively Lower Blood Sugar
The blood sugar goal for most adults with diabetes is an A1C of below 7%. In many people, diet and exercise are not enough to reach this goal, and one or more medications may be needed. Metformin is a tried and tested medicine that has been used for many decades to treat type 2 diabetes, and is recommended by most experts as first-line therapy. It is affordable, safe, effective, and well tolerated by most people.
When metformin does not adequately control blood sugar, another medication must be added. It is at this point that doctors and patients must choose among the many drugs and drugs classes available to treat type 2 diabetes. In general, for people who are at low risk of heart disease or have no history of diabetic kidney disease, most diabetes medications that are added to metformin effectively reduce blood sugars and can lower A1C to under 7%.
So, how to choose a medication? Each person with diabetes has their own goals, needs, and preferences. Before choosing a medicine, it is important to ask some relevant questions: Is my blood sugar at goal? Is this medicine affordable? Do I have heart or kidney disease? What are the side effects? Is it a pill or injection, and how often is it taken?
Regardless of which treatment is selected, the American Diabetes Association Standards of Care recommends reassessment of diabetes control every three to six months, followed by modifications to treatment if needed.
Which Medication Is Most Suitable
Blood-sugar-lowering drugs aren’t always a suitable treatment for everyone who has diabetes. Whether or not a person needs to take antidiabetic medication at all and which drugs are most suitable depends on a number of different factors:
- The person’s treatment goal
- Whether they have other medical conditions
- Whether they are taking other medications
- How well a drug works and how well it is tolerated
Also Check: Borgess Diabetes And Endocrine Center
Ask Questions Seek Answers For More Personalized Care
First and foremost, you should know what you may be facing as these risks will determine which medications are best for you.
In addition, when doctors consider which medications to prescribe to youfrom among the standard and newer types of drugsthey should also consider your personal preferences, such as the timing of the medications in coordination with drugs you are already taking and the formulation of the drug .
They will also consider any drug intolerances, your overall health status, and any risk factors for developing diabetes-related complications.
Most importantly, doctors need to be sure that the benefits of taking a particular medication outweigh any harm to the patient from possible risk of side effects, and lastly, they should consider the affordability of any medication they are going to add to your treatment plan.
If the cost is too high or you cannot afford the co-pay, there is no reason to write you a prescription for a drug you wont be taking. Instead, the doctor must be sure that you are willing and able to take the medications as recommended.
Although doctors are advised to consider the practice guidelines of care developed by professional organizations, they must also consider how these treatment recommendations may affect you, and then tailor the general treatment to adjust for your specific needs.
Patients Should Be Allowed To Choose Their Type 2 Diabetes Medication: Study
A new study proposes a novel strategy to treat type 2 diabetes, putting individuals in command of their own medicine. The Trimaster study is the first to allow persons with type 2 diabetes to choose their own medicine following a series of three different drugs. It came to the conclusion that the technique could be a new means of choosing the best treatment. Researchers at the University of Exeter led the Medical Research Council-funded study, which gave people with type 2 diabetes three commonly-prescribed drugs, each for a 16-week period in turn. During the study, researchers monitored the effect of each drug on the 448 patients’ glucose levels , weight and recorded the side effects. At the end of the study, now published in Nature Medicine, patients got to choose the drug that worked best for them. Their chosen drug not only lowered glucose most effectively, but also resulted in fewer side effects.
Recommended Reading: Does Aloe Vera Help Diabetes
Managing Other Health Needs
No diabetes plan is complete without a conversation about managing other health conditions that may exacerbate your diabetes. Discuss any new or existing condition with your diabetes healthcare team.
Review the medications and treatments you need for these conditions. They may interact with or affect your diabetes medications, leading to side effects or affecting blood sugar control. You may require changes to your diabetes treatment plan as other conditions progress or resolve.
Generally, the better you manage your other health conditions, the better your diabetes outlook.
What Are The Best Drugs To Treat Diabetes
Here are the Top 10 medications in terms of efficacy for lowering A1C and blood sugar levels.
Diabetes is a serious condition that is brought on by decreased insulin secretion from the pancreas and diminished insulin sensitivity in the muscle cells. It is characterized by excessive urination, extreme thirst, high blood sugar, and increased appetite.1
There are a number of medications on the market to help manage this condition, but the following are the top 10 in terms of showing efficacy in lowering A1C and blood sugar levels.
Patients with type 1 diabetes must be treated with insulin, as the beta cells in their pancreas no longer produce it. Insulin plays a vital role in glucose uptake and is required by the muscle and adipose tissue.2 However, insulin is not solely for patients with T1D those with type 2 diabetes may also be placed on insulin but generally only after failing to reach glycemic targets upon being placed on multiple oral agents for some time. Patients with diabetes typically receive multiple injections per day, including bolus insulin administered before meals and the long-acting basal insulin that lowers blood sugar levels over time. Insulin is classified as a high-risk drug because it can cause patients to experience hypoglycemia, but the benefits of this treatment surely outweigh the risks.2
The most common insulins I see prescribed in my daily practice are Basaglar and NovoLog .
Also Check: Foods Good For Kidney Disease And Diabetes
How Do Oral Diabetes Medications Work
All oral diabetes medications share one goal: To help lower blood glucose levels to a healthy range.
A significant contributor to the development of Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance, also known as impaired insulin sensitivity, happens when cells in your muscles, fat and liver dont respond as they should to insulin. Insulin is a hormone your pancreas makes. It allows your body to turn the glucose you consume from food into energy. This is an essential, life-sustaining process.
As a result of insulin resistance, your pancreas has to release more insulin to try to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range. If your pancreas cant release enough insulin, your blood sugar levels rise, causing hyperglycemia . Long-term hyperglycemia can cause several health issues.
Insulin resistance is a complex phenomenon. Oral diabetes medications work in different ways to lower blood sugar, including helping your pancreas produce more insulin. Beyond medication, exercise is a key part of naturally reducing insulin resistance.
Can I Take Oral Diabetes Medications If Im Pregnant Or Thinking Of Becoming Pregnant
Healthcare providers recommend stopping all Type 2 diabetes oral medications during pregnancy except for metformin. Its the only oral diabetes medication that the U.S. FDA considers safe during pregnancy.
If you have Type 2 diabetes and become pregnant, your healthcare team may recommend using insulin to manage your blood sugar levels during the pregnancy.
Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider if you have Type 2 diabetes and are thinking of becoming pregnant.
Don’t Miss: Injectable Medications For Type 2 Diabetes
Do Oral Diabetes Medications Interact With Other Drugs
All diabetes pills can interact with other medications. Because of this, you must tell your healthcare provider about all the medications youre taking, including prescriptions, supplements and over-the-counter medications.
While you’re taking oral diabetes medications, you should check with your provider before starting anything new.
Sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones and meglitinides are most likely to interact with other drugs.
What Can I Do To Reach Out To Glucoforts Customer Service For Any Inquiries And/or Concerns
If you have any questions or concerns regarding any aspect of the Glucofort supplements, then you can always go ahead to its customer support section on the official website. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and youll be able to find a Contact link leading to where you are exactly looking for. Email support is also accessible the link will appear in the contact section.
You May Like: Can Someone With Diabetes Give Blood
How Does It How Does It
The main goal of Glucofort is tackle the root of whats preventing the insulin from naturally being released throughout the body. It concentrates, specifically, on ceramides which can hinder and increase growth in a wide variety of organs that are essential, particularly the pancreas. Many of you who read this may already be aware of the harm these types of fat cells can cause when left untreated. For those who arent Ceramides are lipids with a waxy appearance. substances that are often involved in the development of fat layers bulking up our body. You may usually find these molecules lined up deep within the layers of your body, including those vital organs that weve talked about.
When you take that into account, there may be grim consequences if the ceramides are ignored and left to work on their own. This could cause organs to grow in a significant manner. Ceramides can also cause disruptions in the ways the important organs of the body function. The pancreas, one of those parts, usually serves an important role in controlling the blood sugar level. When ceramides are able to circulate and enter the pancreas in the end, its unable to do what it was meant to do: produce insulin naturally and in a natural manner. The pathway to that could be hindered by these waxy proteins ultimately leading to a high chance that diabetes may occur there is a reason why ceramides have been called harmful fats in the very first place.