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Type 1 Diabetes Blurred Vision

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Understanding Diabetic Eye Exam Results From The Artificial Intelligence System

Diabetes & Vision: What One Needs to Know
  • I received a negative result: A negative result means you do not have a level of diabetic retinopathy that needs to be assessed by an eye doctor right away. You will need to see an eye care specialist promptly if you have blurred vision or other symptoms of vision loss. If there are no vision loss symptoms, retesting in 12 months is recommended.
  • I received an image quality insufficient result: In a small number of cases, it is not possible to take a good enough quality picture for the computer system to detect diabetic retinopathy. If this happens, you will be referred to an eye doctor for an eye exam.
  • I received a positive result: A positive result means you have a level of diabetic retinopathy that needs to be evaluated by an eye doctor. This may or may not be a level of disease that needs immediate treatment. Only an eye doctor can tell if the disease is severe enough for treatment. A positive result is an important reminder to talk to your doctor about your care plan and ways to help reduce the risk of diabetic retinopathy worsening and possibly causing vision loss.

Does Diabetes Increase The Chance Of Vision Loss

For those living with diabetes, symptoms can be a daily challenge combined with the thought of losing your eyesight, it becomes easy to be concerned.

Did you know that diabetes is the leading cause of vision loss in adults? This is a frightening aspect to the disease, as most of us take our eyesight for granted. People with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes do have a heightened risk for eye complications and blindness.

Sight loss with diabetes, however, is not inevitable. Increasing your knowledge about vision health and learning preventative steps to take can preserve your eyesight for many years to come.

Symptoms Of Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic retinopathy causes blood vessel damage in the retina. Left untreated, it can cause vision loss and can develop into DME.

Approximately 40% to 45% of patients with diabetes have symptoms of diabetic retinopathy, though many don’t notice it. Symptoms can include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Floaters
  • Faded, washed out appearance of colors
  • Blank or dark areas in your field of vision

Diabetic macular edema is a build-up of fluid in the center of the retina, or the macula. This part of the eye is responsible for sharp vision and most of our color vision. Symptoms can include:

  • Blurry or wavy vision in the center of your field of vision
  • Floaters
  • Noticing colors appear faded or washed out

Both forms of diabetic eye disease are treatable. Types of treatment and effectiveness depend on the severity of the condition.

At UT Southwestern, we take a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose and treat diabetic eye disease. If we detect diabetes-related eye symptoms and you have been diagnosed with diabetes, we can recommend that you follow up with your endocrinologist or primary care doctor.

If we see signs of eye damage but you have not been diagnosed with diabetes, we can refer you to a diabetes expert at UT Southwestern. The ophthalmology team works closely with our endocrinology doctors and nurses to make sure you have the treatment and information you need to reduce your risks.

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Can You Reverse Vision Loss From Diabetes

Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? No, but it doesnt have to lead to blindness, either. If you catch it early enough, you can prevent it from taking your vision. Thats why its vital to have regular visits with an Ophthalmologist or Optometrist whos familiar with diabetes and retina treatment.

Can Dr Be Treated/reversed

Diabetes and Blurry Vision: What You Need to Know

Fortunately, diabetic retinopathy is preventable and also treatable. Maintaining blood sugar at an optimal level can help to prevent this serious condition. As controlled diabetes can also lead to diabetic retinopathy, it is advised to have your eyes examined regularly. This way, your ophthalmologist can diagnose and treat any retinal damage as early as possible. Also, reversing diabetic retinopathy is very much possible when this vision-threatening condition is detected in the early stages.

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Control Your Blood Sugar

We all know that eating right is good for your health and wellbeing, but eating a balanced diet is critical maintaining your eyesight if you are diabetic.

If your blood sugars are too high, your eyesight will suffer. With simple blood sugar monitoring, you can learn how food will impact your blood sugar level . Talk with your personal doctor and educate yourself on steps to manage your blood sugar, which when applied will help prevent dangerous complications.

Why Does Diabetes Cause Blurred Vision

High blood sugar levels can cause the lens inside the eye to swell and change shape. This can make it hard for 1 or both of your eyes to focus, which makes your vision blurry for a short period of time. It can take about 6 weeks for the swelling to go away and your vision to return to normal once your blood sugar levels are closer to normal.1,2

Very low blood sugar levels can also cause blurred vision in 1 or both eyes. This is due to the way very low blood sugar levels affect the brain. Once your blood sugar levels have returned to normal, your vision should also return to normal.1,2

If your blood sugar levels often go up and down, you might notice that your vision gets better and then worse for different periods of time.1,2

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Who Is More Likely To Develop Diabetic Eye Disease

Anyone with diabetes can develop diabetic eye disease. Your risk is greater with

  • high blood glucose that is not treated
  • high blood pressure that is not treated

High blood cholesterol and smoking may also raise your risk for diabetic eye disease.

Some groups are affected more than others. African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Hispanics/Latinos, Pacific Islanders, and older adults are at greater risk of losing vision or going blind from diabetes.

If you have diabetes and become pregnant, you can develop eye problems very quickly during your pregnancy. If you already have some diabetic retinopathy, it can get worse during pregnancy. Changes that help your body support a growing baby may put stress on the blood vessels in your eyes. Your health care team will suggest regular eye exams during pregnancy to catch and treat problems early and protect your vision.

Diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, does not usually cause eye problems. Researchers aren’t sure why this is the case.

Your chances of developing diabetic eye disease increase the longer you have diabetes.

What You Need To Know About Diabetes And Blurry Vision

Diabetes And Vision | No 4 Blurred Vision Of 6 Early Diabetes Symptoms

By TheDiabetesCouncil Team

An estimated one third of people who suffer from diabetes are not aware that they have the disease. Very often, a visit to the eye doctor for unexplained blurry vision or sudden eye problems serves as the mechanism through which diabetes is diagnosed.

Contents

  • 5 Take Control Of Your Type 2 Diabetes And Protect Your Vision
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    Stages Of Diabetic Retinopathy

    Background Retinopathy Background retinopathy is the early stage of the condition. It is part of the micro vascular disease process whereby retinal blood vessels are affected by the thickening of the base membrane and the decrease in healthy cells around the blood vessels.

    This causes the blood vessels to become weak and they are prone to develop micro aneurysms or small dilations in the blood vessel. They appear as red dots at the back of the eye. Over time they will disappear however they are a sign that the vessels are weakened and may burst or rupture at some later time.

    If this occurs blood is released to form retinal hemorrhages and hard exudates. Exudates are essentially scars from previous hemorrhages. If they occur in the macular area of the eye then vision loss will occur.

    Proliferative Retinopathy Proliferative retinopathy is the second stage. As there is less blood flow to the eyes the body compensates by producing more capillaries to supply blood to the eye. This is where the term proliferative comes from, the capillaries are multiplying across the eye, particularly in the vitreous body.

    If these capillaries hemorrhage they will cloud the vision. As they heal they will clot or become fibrotic. They can pull the retina during this stage and cause retinal detachment and loss of vision.

    Diabetic Eye Conditions That Can Cause Blurred Vision

    While blurry vision due to blood sugar levels is mostly temporary, diabetes can also lead to separate, more serious eye conditions.

    Diabetes can cause damage to the retina and blood vessels in the back of the eye. This is known as diabetic retinopathy. Blurred vision is a symptom, but people usually experience fluctuating vision instead of a constant blur.

    The term retinopathy means that the retina has been damaged in some way. When the retina is damaged, blurry vision, and eventually vision loss, can occur.

    When this happens, blurry vision will not go away. But with the help of diabetic retinopathy treatment, damage can often be slowed or stopped, reducing the risk of any further vision loss.

    Cataracts, another common cause of blurry vision, can also occur when blood sugar changes due to diabetes cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy over time. Blurred vision tends to be one of the earlier signs of cataracts, along with slightly fading colors, increased glare and difficulty seeing at night.

    Less commonly, diabetes can also lead to a serious form of glaucoma called acute angle-closure glaucoma. It happens when the pressure inside your eye rises very quickly.

    In addition to blurry vision, angle-closure glaucoma can cause very noticeable, immediate symptoms, including severe eye pain, nausea and vomiting. If this happens to you, seek medical care immediately.

    SEE RELATED: Different types of diabetic eye problems

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    Diabetes Type 1 And 2

    Can diabetes be cured? Advances in stem cell therapy have had promising results in restoring the bodys ability to regulate insulin and glucose in diabetes type 1 and 2, restoring your health and quality of life, and limiting the impact of the more serious symptoms of the disease.

    You dont need to continue to suffer the pain of trying to regulate your blood sugar yourself. Come talk to our doctors and see if our stem cell therapies can end your insulin dependence and regrow your bodys ability to function normally.

    It is easy enough to stop drinking sugary sodas and stay away from the candy aisle, but those steps do nothing to fix the problems of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. If you suffer from diabetes, you know the pain associated with blood sugar level checks, injections of insulin and the resulting constant monitoring of your health. This disease changes the lives of many children and adults, because of the bodys failure to produce or process insulin, and generates symptoms that severely limit peoples ability to live the lives they want. Stem cell therapy may offer a solution not contained in a syringe, pump, or fingerstick.

    What Are Normal Blood Sugar Levels

    Diabetic Retinopathy

    They’re less than 100 mg/dL after not eating for at least 8 hours. And they’re less than 140 mg/dL 2 hours after eating.

    During the day, levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals. For most people without diabetes, blood sugar levels before meals hover around 70 to 80 mg/dL. For some people, 60 is normal for others, 90.

    What’s a low sugar level? It varies widely, too. Many people’s glucose won’t ever fall below 60, even with prolonged fasting. When you diet or fast, the liver keeps your levels normal by turning fat and muscle into sugar. A few people’s levels may fall somewhat lower.

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    Blurred Vision In Diabetes Type 1

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    How Does Diabetes Affect My Eyes

    Diabetes affects your eyes when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.

    In the short term, you are not likely to have vision loss from high blood glucose. People sometimes have blurry vision for a few days or weeks when theyre changing their diabetes care plan or medicines. High glucose can change fluid levels or cause swelling in the tissues of your eyes that help you to focus, causing blurred vision. This type of blurry vision is temporary and goes away when your glucose level gets closer to normal.

    If your blood glucose stays high over time, it can damage the tiny blood vessels in the back of your eyes. This damage can begin during prediabetes, when blood glucose is higher than normal, but not high enough for you to be diagnosed with diabetes. Damaged blood vessels may leak fluid and cause swelling. New, weak blood vessels may also begin to grow. These blood vessels can bleed into the middle part of the eye, lead to scarring, or cause dangerously high pressure inside your eye.

    Most serious diabetic eye diseases begin with blood vessel problems. The four eye diseases that can threaten your sight are

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    When To Contact A Medical Professional

    • You cannot see well in dim light.
    • You have blind spots.
    • You have double vision .
    • Your vision is hazy or blurry and you cannot focus.
    • You have pain in one of your eyes.
    • You are having headaches.
    • You see spots floating in your eyes.
    • You cannot see things on the side of your field of vision.
    • You see shadows.

    Prevent Or Delay Eye Diseases

    Diabetes Blurry Vision | Symptom No 6 Of 10 Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

    You can protect your vision and lower your chance for vision loss with these steps:

    • Get a dilated eye exam at least once a year so your eye doctor can spot any problems early when theyre most treatable.
    • Keep your blood sugar levels in your target range as much as possible. Over time, high blood sugar not only damages blood vessels in your eyes, it can also affect the shape of your lenses and make your vision blurry.
    • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels in your target range to lower your risk for eye diseases and vision loss. Also good for your health in general!
    • Quit smoking. Quitting lowers your risk for diabetes-related eye diseases and improves your health in many other ways too.
    • Get active. Physical activity protects your eyes and helps you manage diabetes.
    • Ask your doctor for a referral to diabetes self-management education and support services. People who receive less diabetes education are twice as likely to get diabetic retinopathy as people who receive more education.

    Read Also: Normal A1c Range For Diabetics

    Get Your Eyes Screened

    Eye screening is a way of spotting eye problems before you notice any changes to your sight.

    Everyone whos over 12 years old and living with diabetes is entitled to an NHS diabetes eye screening once a year. Its one of your 15 Healthcare Essentials and a vital diabetes health check.

    Diabetic retinopathy can become quite advanced before it starts affecting your sight, so that’s why it’s important to go to your regular eye screening appointments. That way, you can get the righttreatment in time.

    Weve also got more information about what happens during an eye screening, so you can feel prepared going to your appointment.

    Because of the coronavirus pandemic, some eye screening services have been paused. Read our latest update for more information on routine appointments.

    How Do I Know If I Am Hypoglycemic

    If your blood sugar levels fall too low, you may experience any of the following symptoms:

    • Irregular or fast heartbeat
    • Pale skin
    • Tingling or numbness of cheek, tongue, or lips

    Hypoglycemia can become a medical emergency if your body does not respond to treatment aimed at raising blood sugar levels quickly such as drinking juice or soda, eating a sugary snack or candy, or taking glucose tablets.

    If hypoglycemia isnt treated right away, you may experience more severe symptoms that require immediate medical attention, such as:

    • Confusion
    • Blurred vision or other visual disturbances
    • Seizures
    • Loss of consciousness

    If you have diabetes, contact an eye doctor near you, who can diagnose and discuss the best treatment options.

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